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STERL1 N G 
AND FRANCiNE 

CLA1UC 
ART INSTITUTE 
L1BRART 



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♦♦♦♦♦♦«» M««m«««H MM>MH 




THE 



APPLICATION OF THE BENZIDINE COLOURS 

IN 

ALL BRANCHES OF PRINTING. 



FARBEKFABRIKEN ^« r fa*'~r" dltU ' 

YORM. 

FRIEDR, BAYER & CO., ELBERFELD. 



W 



Published by the 
FARBENFABRIKEN vorm. FRIEDR. BAYER & CO., ELBERFELD. 

1898. 



^Hif^ 



Sole Representatives for Great Britain and Ireland: 
The Elberfcld Farben Fabriken Company Limited 

MANCHESTER, 20, Booth Street, Mosley Street. 
BRADFORD, 48, Vicar Lane. 
GLASGOW 12, Bothwell Street. 
LONDON, 19, St. Dunstan's Hill E. C. 



No. 677. 1898. 



Preface. 






JT ifteen years have now elapsed since the Benzidine colours made their 
appearance in the market, and at that time no one imagined the important 
part they would play in improving many branches of textile manufacture. 

Although at first their application was almost exclusively used in dyeing, 
it soon became apparent that they would make great headway for all re- 
quirements in printing. 

The Benzidine colours are suitable for padding, they can also be discharged 
white and coloured, and with their assistance mercerised effects can be pro- 
duced etc. They are used in many different ways for printing cotton, wool 
and silk goods, and indeed without their aid, modern printers would feel a 
great void. 

In the accompanying pamphlet we present you merely with an illustrated 
collection of the chief applications of our important Benzidine dyestuffs, trusting 
it may always keep before you the advantages, the utility and the various 
applications of these colours. 



'y Farbenfabriken vorm. Friedr. Bayer & Co. 



Elberfeld, Summer 1898. 



Cotton printin 






Padding. 



The following Benzidine colours are suitable for padding: 



Red Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Purpurine i B, 4 B 
Brilliant Geranine B, 3 B 
Geranine G. 



Orange Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Orange R 
Chloramine Orange G 
Congo Orange G 
Mikado Orange. 

Yellow Dyestuffs: 

Brilliant Yellow 
Chloramine Yellow 
Chrysamine G, R 
Chrysophenine 
Direct Yellow R 
Mikado Yellow 
Yellow P R 
Thiazole Yellow. 



Green Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Dark Green 
Benzo Green G, BB 
Benzo Olive. 



Blue Dyestuffs : 
Benzo Blue 2 B ; 3 B 
Benzo Chrome Black Blue B 
Benzo Cyanine B, 3 B, R 
Benzo Sky Blue 
Benzo Sky Blue 4B 
Benzo Black Blue G, 5 G 
Brilliant Azurine B, 5 G 
Brilliant Benzo Blue 6 B 
Brilliant Sulphon Azurine R 
Diazo Blue Black 
Diazo Black B (undiazotised). 

Violet Dyestuffs: 
Benzo Violet R 
Heliotrope B B. 

Brown Dyestuffs : 
Benzo Brown B X, G, N B X, 5R, BR, 

R extra 
Benzo Chrome Brown B, G, R, 3 R, 5 G 
Benzo Dark Brown 
Chloramine Brown G 
Congo Corinth G 
Diazo Brown R extra 
Direct Bronze Brown 
Direct Fast Brown B, G G 
Hessian Brown B,BB, MM 
Toluylene Brown B, BBO, M, R. 



Grey Dyestuffs : 

Benzo Fast Black 
Benzo Fast Grey 
Benzo Grey S extra 
Pluto Black B, G, R. 






Table 1. 



The Benzidine colours are used to a great extent in padding or finishing light shades 
on Aniline Black patterns or for covering colour prints. 

They are padded in the usual manner on the slop padding or finishing machine, whether 
they be padded with watery solution of Benzidine colour or slightly thickened with dextrine 
or mucilage of tragacanth or whether the solution of Benzidine dyestuffs be added to the 
particular quantity used for finishing. 



No. 1. 

1 oz. or 48 grms. Benzo Brown B X 

2 „ „ 100 „ phosphate of soda 
127a galls. „ 100 litres water. 



No. 2. 

1 oz. or 50 grms. Benzo Violet R 

2 „ „ 100 „ phosphate of soda 
12'/ 2 galls. „ 100 litres water. 



No. 



3. 



37* oz. or 65 grms. Geranine G 
5 „ „ 100 „ phosphate of soda 
317* galls. ,.. 100 litres water. 



No. 5. 

3 '/a oz. or 70 grms. Benzo Chrome 

Brown G 

5 „ „ 100 „ phosphate of soda 
31','* galls. „ 100 litres water. 



No. 7. 

1 oz. or 50 grms. Benzo Black Blue 5G 

2 „ „ 100 „ phosphate of soda 
12'/ 2 galls. „ 100 litres water. 



No. 4. 

7« oz. or 25 grms. Benzo Chrome 

Black Blue B 

2 „ „ 100 „ phosphate of soda 
1272 galls. „ 100 litres water. 

No. 6. 
474 oz. or 303 grms. Thiazole Yellow 



03, 
Li /* 



„ „ 1S7 



Brilliant Benzo 
Blue 6B 

17s „ „ 100 „ phosphate of soda 
10 galls. „ 100 litres water. 

No. 8. 

37* oz. or 65 grms. Chloramine Yellow 

5 „ „ 100 „ phosphate of soda 
317* gal's. „ 100 litres water. 



No. 9. 

'/« oz. or 24 grms. Brilliant Benzo Blue 6B 

2 „ „ 100 „ phosphate of soda 
127a galls. „ 100 litres water. 



Table 1. 



Cotton printing. 

(Colours for padding). 



&• y F* .«f. ?; 








>« 





aw 



«$# - dt 



9 



Benzo Brown BX padded on 
Aniline Black. 



2» 



>*■*•'"' 

X 




~r> 



"^ 



"s. 



Geranine O padded on 
Aniline Black. 







V 


<> 




if* 


^ 


j# 








r* 




iii 






*? 


• * 


« 


x 


k 


/* 


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i 


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it 



Benzo Chrome Broivn H padded on 
Aniline Black. 



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, ? i * * . i- *? r ! * ;.*'. 

; t : 1 t * * i " • .:. ! ? 

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Benzo Black Blue 5 fir padded on 
Alizarine Red S X extra. 



11 


".{' !!i ' *v' £ 










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^ : 


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- 


:• I-!',; 







Benzo Violet B padded on 
Aniline Black. 




Benzo Chrome Black Blue B padded 
on Aliz. Red and Aniline Black. 









♦ » * 




w » « 


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Brilliant Benzo Blue OB and Thiazole 
Yellow padded on Aniline Black. 




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Cliloramine Yellow padded on 
Aniline Black. 



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Brilliant Benzo Blue Git padded on colour prints. 



FARBENPABRIKEN vorm. FRIEDR. BAYER & Co. KLIiKRFKLU. 

7 



Table 2. 



No. 10. 

'/a oz. or 24 grms. Chloramine Orange G 
2 „ „ 100 „ phosphate of soda 
12 x l» galls, or 100 litres water. 



No. 11. 

1 oz. or 50 grms. Benzo Green G 
4 „ „ 200 „ phosphate of soda 
12 5 /» galls, or 100 litres water. 



No. 12. 

10 oz. or 500 grms. Bril. Benzo Blue 6B 

2 „ „ 100 „ phosphate of soda 
12 7a galls, or 100 litres water. 



No. 13. 

\'a oz. or 25 grms. Chrysamine G in powd. 

2 „ „ 100 „ phosphate of soda 
12 J /a galls, or 100 litres water. 



No. 14. 

V? oz. or 37,5 grms. Benzo Fast Black 

„ phosphate of soda 



vu „ 

10 galls. 



100 

100 litres water. 



No. 15. 

3 oz. or 180 grms. Benzo Violet R 
1 „ „ 60 „ Benzo Sky Blue 

3 „ „ 200 „ phosphate of soda 
10 galls, or 100 litres water. 



No. 16. 

4 oz. or 200 grms. Benzo Sky Blue 

4 „ „ 200 „ phosphate of soda 
12 '/a galls, or 100 litres water. 



No. 17. 

10 oz. or 500 grms. Geranine G 
2 „ „ 100 „ phosphate of soda 
12 , /a galls, or 100 litres water. 



No. 18. 

5 oz. or 250 grms. Chloramine Yellow 

2 „ „ 100 „ phosphate of soda 
12 Va galls, or 100 litres water. 



No. 19. 

'/a oz. or 24 grms. Benzo Cyanine B 

2 „ „ 100 „ phosphate of soda 
12 '/a galls, or 100 litres water. 



10 



12 



Cotton printing. 

(Colours for padding). 



Table 2. 



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JS 



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Chloramine Orange it padded on 
colour prints. 




Aniline Black padded with 
Brilliant Benzo Bine 6 B. 









SI 

4$ 







Benzo Green <J padded on 
colour prints. 




11 



13 



Chrysamine ii padded on Alizarine Red 
and Aniline Black. 



14 



10 



18 




*L 









i'«_. 
^ 



Benzo Fast Black padded on 
colour prints. 



Aniline Black padded with 
Benzo Sky Blue. 





Benzo Violet B and Benzo Sky Blue 
padded on Aniline Black. 



Aniline Black padded with 
Oeranine O. 




Ani/liie Black padded with 
Chloramine Yellow. 



Benzo €yanine B padded on 
colour prints. 




17 



19 



FARBENFABRIKEN vorm. FKIEDK. BAYER & Co., ELBERFELD. 

9 



Table 3. 



The Benzidine dyestuffs are also used for slop padding goods printed with the modern 
ice-colours. 



No. 20. 

Ice Red (Paranitraniline) 
p-Naphtol 

8 oz. or 400 grms. Benzo Sky Blue 

2 „ „ 100 „ phosphate of soda 
12 1 U galls, or 100 litres water. 

No. 22. 

Ice Blue (Dianisidine) 
p-Naphtol 

8 oz. or 400 grms. Geranine G 
2 „ ,, 100 „ phosphate of soda 
1272 galls, or 100 litres water. 

No. 24. 

Ice Bordeaux (a-Naphtylamine) 

p-Naphtol 

8 oz. or 400 grms. Chloramine Yellow 
2 „ „ 100 „ phosphate of soda 
12 7a galls, or 100 litres water. 

No. 26. 

Ice Black (Benzidine) 
Developer E S 

5 oz. or 250 grms. Bril. Benzo Blue 6 B 

2 „ „ 100 „ phosphate of soda 
12'/2 galls, or 100 litres water. 



No. 21. 

Ice Blue (Dianisidine) 

[3-Naphtol 

5 oz. or 250 grms. Chloramine Yellow 

2 „ „ 100 „ phosphate of soda 
12 1 ja galls, or 100 litres water. 

No. 23. 

Ice Bordeaux (a-Naphtylamine) 

[3-Naphtol 

8 oz. or 400 grms. Benzo Sky Blue 

2 „ „ 100 „ phosphate of soda 
12 '/a galls, or 100 litres water. 

No. 25. 

Ice Red (Paranitraniline) 
S-Naphtol 

12 oz. or GOO grms. Brilliant Geranine B 
2 „ „ 100 „ phosphate of soda 
127a galls, or 100 litres water. 

No. 27. 

Ice Bordeaux (a-Naphtylamine) 

R-Naphtol 

4 oz. or 200 grms. Benzo Green G 

1 „ „ 50 „ Chrysophenine 

2 „ „ 100 „ phosphate of soda 
127a galls, or 100 litres water. 



No. 28. 

Many Benzidine Colours such as Benzo Nitrol Brown G, Benzo Nitrol Dark Brown N, 
Direct Fast Brown B, Direct Blue Black B, Pluto Black B etc. possess the property of combining 
with diazotised Paranitraniline and producing effective styles fast to washing. 

Should the resulting product differ in shade from the original dye very fine two coloured 
effects can be obtained, such as are produced with Toluylene Orange G (Pattern 28). After 
diazotised Paranitraniline has been printed on, steam for 5 mins., and then soap, wash 
and dry. 



10 



Cotton printing. 

(Slop-padded shades on Ice colours). 



Table 3. 



20 







1 


SPf :tJ 


$f4!ll 







Ice Red. padded with Benzo Sky Itlue. 




Ice Bine padded with 
Chloramine Yellow. 



21 



1 ._ _ 




E 


y v- 1 








1 


^m* w 




"*BHhp ibhii : • <7 w • nj 





Ice Blue padded with Geranine G. 




Ice Bordeaux padded with 
Benzo Sky Blue. 



23 



24 




Ice Bordeaux padded with 
Chloramine Yellow. 




Ice Red padded 
with Brilliant Oeranine B. 



25 



2G 




Ice Black padded 
with Brilliant Benzo Blue OB. 




Ice Bordeaux padded with 
Benzo Green G and Chrysophenine. 



27 



28 




JUyed with <i u /„ Toluylene Orange G, printed with diazotised l*aranitraniline. 



FARBKNFABRIKKN vorm. FRIKDR. BAYER & Co., ELBERFELD. 






11 



Direct Printing. 



The following Benzidine Colours can be printed on cotton material: 



Red Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Purpurine iB, 4B, 6B 
Brilliant Congo G 
Brilliant Geranine B, 3B 
Congo Red 4R 
Congo Rubine 
Delta-Purpurine 5 B 
*) Geranine G 
Rose Azurine B, G. 



Blue Dyestuffs: 

Azo Blue 

Benzo Azurine G, R 

Benzo Blue RW, 3 B 

Benzo Cyanine 3B 

Benzo Sky Blue 

Benzo Black Blue G, 5 G 

Benzo Chrome Black Blue B 

Brilliant Benzo Blue 6B. 



Orange Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Orange R 
Congo Orange G 
Mikado Orange 3R, 4R 
Toluylene Orange G. 

Yellow Dyestuffs : 

Chloramine Yellow 
Chrysamine G, R 
Chrysophenine. 

Green Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Green G 
Benzo Olive. 



Violet Dyestuffs: 

Azo Violet R 
Benzo Violet R. 

Brown Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Brown B, G G, N B 
Benzo Chrome Brown R, B, G 
Congo Corinth G 
Chloramine Brown G 
Toluylene Brown B, M, R. 

Grey Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Fast Black 
Benzo Grey S extra 
Direct Blue Black B 
Direct Deep Black T. 



Black Dyestuffs: 

Direct Blue Black B 
Direct Deep Black T. 



*) becomes somewhat faster -when acetate of chrome is used. 



12 



Table 4. 



The Benzidine Colours have become generally adopted in direct cotton printing 
especially for such articles where no great importance is attached to fastness to washing. 

By adding albumen water for print colours, greater fastness to washing is obtained and 
many Benzidine colours become faster to washing if acetate of chrome be used. 



No. 1. 
Grey. 

1 pint or 200 grms. Print Colour A 

3 pints „ 600 „ mucilage of tragacanth 

65 : 1000 



1 pint 



Boil 



200 



water. 



1000 grms. 



Print Colour A. 



2 oz. or 20 grms. Direct Blue Black B 

8 oz. „ 80 „ wheat starch and 
47a pints „ 880 „ water, and then add 
2 oz. „ 20 „ phosphate of soda. 
1000 grms. 



No. 2. 
Pink. 

s \i pint or 150 grms. Print Colour B 



4 1 /* pints 



850 „ mucilage of traga- 
canth 65 : 1000 



1000 grms. 



Boil: 



Print Colour B. 



4 oz. or 40 grms. Brilliant Geranine B 

8 oz. „ 80 „ wheat starch 
4 1 /* pints „ 860 „ water, and then add 
2 oz. „ 20 „ phosphate of soda. 
1000 grms. 



No. 3. 
Violet. 

The same as above in No. 1 

but instead of Direct Blue Black B 
Benzo Violet R. 



No. 4. 
Blue. 

The same as above in No. 1 

but instead of Brilliant Geranine B 
Brilliant Benzo Blue 6 B. 



No. 5. 
Blue. 

7« pint or 50 grms. Print Colour C 

! pints „ 600 ,, mucilage of traga- 



17* pints 



350 



canth 65 : 1000 
water. 



1000 grms. 



Print Colour C. 
Boil: 

2 oz. or 20 grms. Benzo Sky Blue 

8 oz. „ 80 ,, wheat starch and 

47a pints „ 880 „ water, and the add 

2 oz. „ 20 „ phosphate of soda 

1000 grms. 



Boil: 



No. 6. 

Yellow. 

1 oz. or 10 grms. Chloramine Yellow 



3\'s pints 

5 oz. 

17a pints 



7a OZ. 



635 „ water 
50 ,, wheat starch 
300 „ mucilage of traga- 
canth 65 : 1000, 
and then add 
S „ phosphate of soda 



1000 grms. 



13 



Table 



No. 7. 
Orange. 

172 pints or 300 grms. Print Colour D 
3 a /a pints „ 700 „ mucilage of traga- 



canth 65 : 1000 



Boil: 



1000 grms. 
Print Colour D. 
2 oz. or 20 grms. Congo Orange G 



8 oz. 

47a pints 

2 oz. 



80 „ wheat starch and 
880 „ water, and then add 
20 „ phosphate of soda 



1000 grms. 



No. 9. 
Blue. 

(Colours for padding). 
17* pints or 125 grms. Print Colour E 



Boil: 



4 oz. or 40 grms. Benzo Brown N B 
8 oz. „ 80 „ wheat starch and 
760 „ water, and when 
cold add 
, albumen water 1 : 1 



6 l* pmts „ 
27* nogg. „ 120 







No. 


8. 






Olive. 


Boil: 


(F 


'rint Colour) 


4 oz. 


or 40 


grms. 


Benzo Green G 


7 oz. 


„ 70 


» 


wheat starch 


3 7 /s pints 


„ 770 


>> 


water, and then add 


72 pint 


„ ioo 


>< 


mucilage of traga- 
canth 65 : 1000 


2 oz. 


„ 20 


» 


phosphate of soda 




1000 


grms. 





3 pints 


„ 300 „ mucilage of traga- 
canth 65 : 1000 




.57*' pints 


„ 575 „ water. 


Boil: 




1000 grms. 


272 oz. 


Boil: 
4 oz. 


Print Colour E. 
or 40 grms. Benzo Blue 3B 


8 oz. 
47a pints 


8 oz. 


„ 80 ,, wheat starch and 


2 oz. 


47* pints 


„ 860 „ water, and then add 




2 oz. 


„ 20 ,, phosphate of soda 
1000 grms. 


2 pints 




Brown. 


1 pint 




(Print Colour). 





(Colours for padding). 

17* pints or 125 grms. Olive (Print Colour) 
67* pints „ 625 „ mucilage of traga- 

canth 65 : 1000 
272 pints „ 250 „ w ater. 
1000 grms. 



No. 10. 
Brown. 

27'a oz. or 25 grms. Benzo Chrome 

Brown G 

80 „ wheat starch and 
875 „ water, and then add 

20 „ phosphate of soda 
1000 grms. and finally when 

cold add 
■ 400 „ albumen water 
500 : 750 
200 „ mucilage of traga- 
canth 65 : 1000 



1600 grms. 



1000 grms. 

After printing and drying, steam without pressure for '/* — x / 2 — 3 /* hour "according to 
requirement. The goods are then either finished direct, or slightly soaped, washed and dried. 



14 



Table 4. 



Cotton printing. 




Cover Print: Direct Blue Black B 
over coloured print. 




Cover Print: Brilliant Geranine B 
over Aniline Black. 




!\. 



Cover Print: Beuzo "Violet K 
over coloured print. 



• I 



m 

St . 

1 s 



' pfr?il 



S 






b % 




Cover Print: Brilliant lienzo Blue 6B 
over coloured print. 




I 







Cover Print: Benzo Sky Blue 
over coloured print. 







jrff 



First Print: Aniline Black. 
Cover Print : Chloramine Yellow. 



Sjh, 









~i 






4r 



11 « 



I 



Cover Print: Congo Orange O 
over coloured print. 




Benzo Oreen Gt padded and printed. 
Cover Print: Fast Black. 




Padded : Kcnzo KIuc 3 B. 
Printed: Benzo Brown KB, 



~7T" 

| 

% 

% 
% 

s 



I 



10 



Itcnzo Chrome Brown <•• 



FARIJENFABRIKEN vorm. FRIEDR. BAYER & Co., ELI1ERFEU). 



15 



Padding. 



Table 5. 



To imitate certain woven effects the cotton material is padded on the machine, on 
one side, then dried and covered with Fast Black, and then steamed 7» hour without 
pressure and finished. 







No. 


1. 


Dissolve : 




*/« oz. / 10 


grms. 


Congo Orange G in 


5 pints [\4003 


>> 


water. 


J Boil: 






2 7 /s pints [ 


2300 


>> 


mucilage of traga- 




< 




canth 65 : 1000 


VI* lbs. 


800 


>) 


wheat starch and 


3 8 /s pints 


.2887 


>' 


water. 


10000 


grms 






No. 


3. 


Dissolve : 




V* oz. [ 13 


grms. 


Benzo Chrome 


3'/s pints 


1 4000 


>> 


Black Blue B in 

water. 


< 


Boil: 






2'/* pints 


2300 


>> 


mucilage of traga- 
canth 65 : 1000 


1 lb. 


' 800 


>> 


wheat starch and 


27* pints 


.2887 


>> 


water. 


10000 


grms. 






No. 


5. 


Dissolve : 




VU oz. f 12,5 grm; 
l / 2 oz. j 5,0 „ 


;. Benzo Green G and 


Chrysophenine in 


27= galls. ( 


1 3992,. E 


> » 


water. 


• 


Boil: 






117s pints 


( 2300 


» 


mucilage of traga- 
canth 65 : 1000 


4 lbs. 6 oz. 


700 


» 


wheat starch and 


15 pints 


.2990 


>> 


water. 




10000 


grms. 





No. 2. 

I* oz. or 10 grms. Chrysophenine 
other proportions same as given in No. 1. 



No. 4. 

V* oz. or 10 grms. Geranine G 
other proportions same as given in No. 1 



No. 6. 

1 / i oz. or 10 grms. Benzo Fast Black 
other proportions same as given in No. 1. 



No. 7. 

74 oz. or 10 grms. Brilliant Geranine B 

other proportions same as given in No. 1. 

No. 9. 

74 oz. or 10 grms. Benzo Violet R 

other proportions same as given in No. 1. 



No. 8. 

y /t oz. or 10 grms. Brilliant Benzo Blue 6B 
other proportions same as given in No. 1. 

No. 10. 

74 oz. or 10 grms. Benzo Chrome Brown R 
other proportions same as given in No. 1. 



Fast Black. 

3 pints or 300 grms. Fast Black 

6\ f 4 pints „ 620 „ acetic acid starch tragacanth thickening 
27a noggins „ 80 „ acetate of chrome 32° Tw. 
1000 grms. 



16 



Table 5. 



Cotton Printing 

(padded). 



■^■^iS'aii^iJ.i?":^! - -^"-BC 



Congo Orange G. 



{HHi 


*» V 


*-*♦■ 


w 


f 


' !il|'iu'ifi 


£f ^ 


■■•■:.:,■■>. 


"i 




I i 


• i 


. * 


* ' 




? i 


1 9 


\ 


. ♦ . 


; 


fa i, 
m 1 ■ 


t 






it 






* ; . 
* 




ft |! 


44 

.'r.l: 


* • 

* 

* ■;■ 


I 






"1 1 


* 
* 


i 


1 
> 


i 

1 

?.■' 








¥ 


■..I': 


* * 


T 


4* 


■:* 


n 









Benzo Chrome Black Blue B. 




i 



.:!i;i. v^i *^v£ &: v /i 
: ' : ■ • - ;:; :' J." * • *■■■*■■ 



Hi* 



Jr 



•t 



Benzo Green G and Chrysophenine. 













Brilliant Geranine B. 



• » » 




ft 


mu| 


.. 


ft 


« 


• ft 


• 




A * 


. . ft 




ft ft) 


• 


• 


• 


» ft 


• 


• » 


« 




» * 


♦ • ♦ 




• 


* 


• 


• 


• • 


' « 


« » 


• 




• 


• * • 




* * '■' 


• 


» 


« 


• 


• 


• • 


! m 




. « 


• 




• .' • 


• 


ft 


« 


__ 














V 1 


% 


1 : 1 




% 


s 




V 




V 


s 




V 


1 .) 


\ 


s 




% 




% 




s 




% 




v-.: s • . :§ 




\ 




% 




\ 


% 




s 


% 

1 « 


1 > 




\ 

1 



Cnrysophenine. 







Geranine G. 



i c & 5? fe & 

i i ^ 55 ^ \ 

v ;lllA;:^ 

^ : !S ■ ■ % % % \ 



' ! 



Benzo Fast Black. 




i L ;;. : : * : :, : : :. h 



Brilliant Benzo Bine 6B. 



• 



# 



• 
« 



10 



Benzo Violet B. 



Itcnzo < lirimic llnmii B. 



FARBENTABRIKEN vorm. FRIEDR. ItAVEIl & Co., ELBERFELD. 

17 



Table 6. 



Dyeing after printing. 



Cotton goods are frequently printed with Aniline Black and afterwards dyed at the 
boil with Benzidine Dyestuffs. This is done in an alkaline bath, or for light delicate shades 
in a bath containing common salt. Most of the Benzidine colours are suitable for this process. 



Dyed with: 



No. 1. 
3°/o Benzo Blue RW. 



No. 3. 
3% Congo Orange G. 

No. 5. 

1 °/o Heliotrope B B 

1 % soda 

1 % Turkey red oil. Dye at 176° Faht. 

lift, and add 20 % Glauber's salt, 

then boil for J /* hour. 

No. 7. 
3 % Benzo Purpurine io B. 



No. 9. 
4% Benzo Chrome Black Blue B. 



No. 2. 



3 °/o Benzo Blue RW; after dyeing treat 
with sulphate of copper for 1 js hour at 
the boil, thereby being rendered much 



faster to light. 



No. 4. 

3% Brilliant Geranine B. 

10 % common salt. 

No. 6. 
1 % Chrysamine G. 



No. 8. 

3 % Benzo Nitrol Brown G ; after washing 
and drying, run through a mangle with 
diazotised paranitraniline. 

No. 10. 



l'.'s % Chrysophenine 

°o Brilliant Benzo Blue 6B 

10 % common salt. 



IV* 



18 



Cotton Printing 

(dyed after printing). 



Table 6. 




Aniline Black ; 
dyed with 3"/ Benzo Blue R W. 



Aniline Black; dyed with 
3% Benzo Blue RW and coppered. 




1 II 


1 

1 
I 


■ . Mt ■ ■ ; H ' 'v!* \$ 3 





Aniline Black; 
dyed with 3% Congo Orange O 



Aniline Black; 
dyed with 3 % Brilliant Oeranine B. 




Aniline Black; 
dyed with 1% Heliotrope B B. 



Aniline Black; 
dyed with 1 ",'„ Chrysainine O. 




Aniline Black; 
dyed with 3% Benzo Purpurine 10 B. 



Aniline Black; dyed with 

3% Benzo Nitrol BroiiwG and alter wards 

treated with Paranitraniline. 




10 



Aniline Black; tlyed with 
l",, Benzo Chrome Black Blue B. 



Aniline Black; dyed with 

l'V'n Chrysopheiiine 

and IV a °/o Brilliant Benzo Blue KB. 



FARBENFABRIKEN voiiii. FRIEDA. BAYER & Co., ELBERFELD. 

19 



No. 11. 

Dyed with Benzo Purpurine 4 B ; 
cover printed with Aniline Black. 

No. 13. 

Dyed with 4 % Benzo Azurine G in an 

alkaline bath ; 
cover printed with Aniline Black. 

No. 15. 

Dyed with Benzo Purpurine 4 B ; 

cover printed with Aniline Black. 



Table 7. 



No. 12. 

Dyed with Benzo Sky Blue; 
cover printed with Aniline Black. 

No. 14. 

Dyed with 3 % Benzo Purpurine 4 B in an 

alkaline bath; 
cover printed with Aniline Black. 

No. 16. 

Dyed with Azo Violet; 

cover printed with Aniline Black. 



After oxidizing, run through a weak solution of silicate of soda, wash and dry. 



Printing of Basic Dyestuffs (without tannic acid) 
on dyed Benzidine ground. 

The basic dyestuffs can not only be dyed on Benzidine colours without a mordant, but 
they can be printed on without any addition of tannic acid to the colour (Grossmann), and 
when afterwards steamed are tolerably fast to washing. 



No. 1. 

Dyed with: 

3 % Chrysophenine. 

Cover printed with: 

Dissolve : 

1 oz. or 10 grms. Brilliant Green in 
l x /s pints „ 290 „ water, then thicken 

with 
3 a /2 pints „ 700 „ acetic acid starch 

tragacanth thickening 

1000 grms. 



No. 2. 

Dyed with: 

2% Brilliant Benzo Blue 6 B. 

Cover printed with: 

Dissolve: 

Va oz. or 5 grms. Diamond Fuchsine in 
IV2 pints „ 295 „ water, then thicken 

with 
3V2 pints „ 700 „ acetic acid starch 

tragacanth thickening 
1000 srms. 



No. 3. 

Dyed with: 

3 % Congo Orange G. 

Cover printed with : 
Dissolve : 

V2 oz. or 5 grms. Methyl Violet 2B in 
r/ 2 pints „ 295 „ water, then thicken 



8V1 P in ts » 'On 



with 
„ acetic acitl search 
tragacanth tnickenin 



1000 grms. 



No. 4. 

Dyed with: 

1 % Geranine G. 

Cover printed with: 
Dissolve : 

Va oz. or 10 grms. Methylene Blue BB in 
D/g pints „ 290 „ water, then thicken 

with 
3Va pints „ 700 „ acetic acid starch 

tragacanth thickening 

1000 grms. 



Steam for '/» nour without pressure, soap cold for 2 minutes and then wash and dry. 



20 



Cotton printing 

(dyed before printing). 



Table 7. 



11 




12 



Dyed with: Benzo Purpurine IB 
Cover printed with: Aniline Black. 



Dyed with : Benzo Sky Blue. 
Cover printed with: Aniline Black. 




U 



Aniline Black 
printed on 4% Benzo Azurine G. 



Aniline Black 
printed on 3% Benzo Purpurine 4B. 




16 



Aniline Black 
printed on Benzo Purpurine 4B. 



Aniline Black 
printed on Azo Violet. 



Printing of basic colours (without tannin). 




Dyed with: 3% Chrysophenine. Dyed with: 2".,, Brilliant Benzo Blue OB. 

Cover printed with l u / Brilliant Green. Cover printed with: 

Va /,) Diamond Fuchsine. 




Dyed with: 3% Conjro Orange K. Cover 
printed with: V-"„, Methyl Violet 2B. 



i 


S i 

s 
< 


< 


■i 


\ s 

"I « 


> 



Dyed with: l"/„ Geranine <». Cover 
printed with: 1 "/„ Methylene Blue It B. 



FARBEXFABIUKEX voim. FRIEDR. BATER & Co. ELBERFELD. 

21 



Table 8. 



Bronze Printing. 



Cotton piece goods dyed with Benzidine dyestuffs are often printed with Bronze 
colours. 

This can be done in various ways. The bronze colours can be thickened with albumen 
water, then printed and steamed, or first print on with varnish, and then strew bronze over 
the material, then allow to dry and brush. 

The bronze colours are fixed only on those parts which were printed with varnish. 

A third way is by printing on certain varnishes and bronze colours together. 

7 ] /2— 8 3, 4 lbs. or 3(10—350 grms. Bronze colour (L. Auerbach & Co., Furth [Bavaria]) 
IV4 gallons „ 500 „ egg albumen water 1 : 1 

V2 gallon— 3 pints „ 200—150 „ mucilage of tragacanth 65 : 1000 

1000 grms. 

Nos. 1. 3. 5. 6. 9. 10. - 7V» lbs. or 300 grms. Reichgold Flora fine 
Nos. 2 and 8. - 8 3 / 4 lbs. „ 350 „ Patent Moss Green 
Nos. 4 and 7. — 7V2 lbs. „ 300 „ Aluminium la. 

Print, with brush furnishers, on damped goods, then dry and steam for 10—15 minutes 
without pressure. 

The cotton goods are dyed at the boil with Benzidine colours for 1 hour with the 
addition of: 

per 10 gallons liquor per litre liquor 

V* Ib.-l lb. or 2V2— 10 grms. Glauber's salt 
2 oz. — 4 oz. „ 1 — 2 „ soda ash. 

The following were dyed with: 

No. 1. 2% Brilliant Benzo Blue 6B. No. 2. 8% Pluto Black B. 

No. 3. 3 x /2 °/° Benzo Green G. No. 4. 4 °/o Benzo Purpurine 10 B. 

. Benzo Chrome Brown B 
No. 5. 4 % Benzo Violet R. No. 6. 



r iV2% 

I lVg% 



Benzo Chrome Brown R. 
No. 7. 6 % Benzo Chrome Black Blue B. No. 8. 1 °/o Benzo Fast Black. 

No. 9. 4% Benzo Purpurine 4 B. No. 10. 4% Benzo Blue B X. 

The following recipe can be recommended for preparing a solution of India-rubber for 



printin 



Dissolve: 2 parts of India-rubber waste (unvulcanised) together with: 
4 „ camphor oil 

4 „ naphta, then mix with 

1 „ co'pal varnish. 



00 



Cotton printing. 

(Bronze prints). 



Table 3. 





Dyed with: 2% Brilliant Benzo Blue 6 B. Dyed with: »'■',, Pinto Black B. 





Dyed with: SVg% Benzo Green G. Dyed with: 4% Benzo Purpnrine 10 B. 





Dyed with: 4% Benzo Violet B. 



nvwi „iih •' 1I '2 0/ u Benji0 Chrome Brown B 
vyvu »"«^ii /2 o /(j Benzo Chrome Brown K 





Dyed with : 
6% Benzo Chrome Black Blue B. 



Dyed with: 1% Benzo Fast Black. 





10 



Dyed with: 4% Benzo Pnrpurine 4 B. Dyed with: 4 "/„ Benzo Blue B X. 



FARBENFABRIKEN vorm. FRIEDB. BAYER & Co., ELBERFELD. 

23 



When dyed on cotton the following Benzidine colours can he discharged with acetate 
of tin (with or without an addition of tin crystals) : 



Red dyestuffs: 

Benzo Purpurine i B, 4 B, 6 B, 10 B 

Brilliant Congo G, R 

Brilliant Geranine B, 3 B 

Brilliant Purpurine R 

Congo Red G, 4 R 

Delta Purpurine 5 B, 7 B, G 

Diamine Red B, 3B 

Geranine G, BB 

Hessian Purple N (yellowish) 

Rose Azurine B, G. 

Orange dyestuffs: 
Benzo Orange R 
Brilliant Orange G 
Chloramine Orange G 
Congo Orange G, R 
Mikado Orange 3R, 4R, 5R 
Toluylene Orange G (fairly good). 

Yellow dyestuffs : 

Chrysophenine 
Curcumine W. 

Green dyestuffs: 

Benzo Green BB, G 
Benzo Olive (fairly good). 

Blue dyestuffs: 

Azo Blue 

Benzo Azurine G, 3 G, R 

Benzo Blue 2 B, 3 B, B X, RW, 2 R, 4 R 

Benzo Chrome Black Blue B 

Benzo Cyanine B, 3 B, R 

Benzo Dark Blue 3B ([3-Naphtol) 

Benzo Indigo Blue (fairly good) 

Benzo Sky Blue, 4 B 

Benzo Red Blue G, R 

Benzo Black Blue G, 5 G, R 

Brilliant Azurine B, 5 G 

Brilliant Benzo Blue 6B 

Brilliant Sulphon Azurine R 

Congo Blue 2 B 

Diazo Blue ([3-Naphtol) (fairly good) 

Diazo Blue 3R (p-Naphtol) 

Diazo Blue Black (undiazotised) 

Diazo Indigo Blue B 

Diazo Red Blue 3R (p-Naphtol) 

Diazo Black B, 3 B (undiazotised) 

Diazo Black R, R extra (undiazotised) 

Diazurine (jj-Naphtol). 



Violet dyestuffs : 



Azo Violet 
Benzo Violet R 
Heliotrope 
Heliotrope B B. 



Brown dyestuffs: 

Benzo Brown B, B X, N B X, BR, N B, 

G G, R extra, NBR. 
Benzo Chrome Brown B, G, R, 3 R, 5 G 
Benzo Dark Brown 
Benzo Black Brown (yellowish) 
Chloramine Brown G (yellowish) 
Congo Corinth G, B 
Congo Rubine 
Direct Fast Brown B, G G 
Diazo Brown G (yellowish) 
Diazo Brilliant Black B (diazotised and 

developed with soda) 
Direct Bronze Brown 
Mikado Brown G, B 
Toluylene Brown B, BBO, M, R (fairly good). 



Grey dyestuffs: 

Benzo Chrome Black N (yellowish) 

Benzo Fast Grey (yellowish) 

Benzo Grey 

Benzo Grey S extra 

Diazo Black B H N 

Pluto Black B, G, R. 



Black dyestuffs: 

Benzo Fast Black 

Benzo Black 

Benzo Black S extra 

Benzo Black Blue 

Diazo Brilliant Black B, R (^-Naphtol) 

Diazo Black B, 3 B, B H N, R extra, R 

(p-Naphtol yellowish) 
Direct Blue Black B, N 
Direct Deep Black E, E extra, R, G, T, 

T N, RW (yellowish) 
Pluto Black B, G, R. 



24 



Discharge Printing with Tin. 



In discharging Benzidine dyestuffs, acetate of tin can be used, with or without the 
addition of tin crystals. 

The bleached cotton goods are previously dyed with the Benzidine colours (for un- 
bleached goods less colouring matter is needed, but, of course, not such a good white is 
obtained) then dried, printed with white discharge, steamed for 5—10 minutes, or run through 
the Mather and Piatt several times, then washed (in some cases treated with weak acid and 
washed) and dried. The lighter a dischargeable Benzidine dyestuffs is died, the easier it is 
to obtain a pure white, whereas the darker it is dyed, the more difficult it is to discharge. 
The strength of the discharge paste must be in proportion to the depth of shade and engraving 
of pattern. The more tin crystals are contained in discharge, the shorter time should the 
material be steamed, lest the cotton become tendered. The longer the goods are steamed the 
yellower the white becomes. 

White Discharge I: 

Boil : 4 5 / 8 galls, or 870 grms. acetate of tin 32° Tw. 
7 lbs. „ 110 „ wheat starch and 

1 pin t „ 20 „ acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 %). 

1000 grms. 

White Discharge II: 

Boil: 8V2 lbs. or 138 grms. wheat starch 

IV2 galls. „ 277 „ acetate of tin 32° Tw. 

7*,2 pints „ 170 „ gum water 1:1 and 

1 3 ,4 galls. „ 277 „ water, boil, and then add 

7 lbs. „ 111 „ tin crystals, whilst still lukewarm, and then 
1 3 ,4 lbs. „ 27 „ citric acid 
1000 grms. 

Glycerine, acetine and a trace of Methylene Blue or Prussian Blue etc. are sometimes added 
to the white discharge. The latter colour prevents the discharged pieces from turning 
yellowish in course of time. 

White discharge III is also very suitable for some dyestuffs and the discharge objects 
are not so liable to become yellow either in steaming or when the pieces are stocked. 

White Discharge III: 
F. 

Boil: 2 8 /4 lbs. or 90 grms. wheat starch 



2' U galls. „ 720 


>> 


water 


S 1 ^ lbs. „ 270 


!> 


white dextrine and 


9 lbs. G oz. „ 300 


)> 


yellow prussiate of potash, 
then cool. 


Dissolve: 




Z. 



18 3 /4 lbs. or 600 grms. tin crj'stals in 
2'/8 galls. „ 750 „ gum water 1 : 1, and then add 
2'/4 lbs. „ 72 ,, powdered tartaric acid. 
When cold F is stirred into Z. 

Steam for 5 minutes without pressure, then wash and dry. 



25 



These patterns were dyed for 1 hour at the boil with the addition of 

per 10 gallons dye liquor per litre dye liquor 

V4-I lb. or 2V2— 10 grms. Glauber's salt, 
1—2 oz. „ 1—2 „ soda ash. 



Table 9. 



No. 1. 
4 % Benzo Chrome Brown G. 



No. 2. 
2 °/o Brilliant Benzo Blue 6 B. 



No. 3. 
4 % Benzo Black Blue 5 G. 



No. 4. 
8 % Pluto Black B. 



No. 5. 
1 % Geranine G. 



No. 6. 

5 % Diazo Blue 

diazotised with : 
4 % nitrite 
10% hydrochloric acid 30° Tw. 

developed with : 
4 % Developer A (p-Naphtol). 



No. 7. 
8 % Direct Blue Black B. 



No. 8. 
4 % Congo Corinth G. 



No. 9. 
5 % Brilliant Azurine B. 



No. 10. 
4% Toluylene Brown G. 



Nos. 2, 8, 9, 10, 11, IB and 15—18 were discharged with White Discharge II. 
Nos. 1, 3, 4, 5, 0, 7, 12 and 14 were discharged with White Discharge III. 



26 



Cotton Printing. 

(Discharge Printing with tin). 



Table 9. 





Dyed with: 4% Benzo Chrome Brown G ; Djed with: 2% Brilliant Benzo Bine 6B ; 
discharged, with tin. discharged with tin. 




Dyed with : 4% Benzo Black Blue 5 G : 
dischargee] with tin. 




Dyed with: 1% Geranine G; 




Dyed with: 8% Direct Blue Black B; 
discharged with tin. 





Dyed with : 8% Pinto Black B; 
discharged with tin. 




Dyed with: 5% Diazo Blue (Beta-Naphtol); 
discharged with tin. 




Dyed with: 4% Congo Corinth G. 



* ; ! i 

| * ' t : 

it f -J,. 

* I * w 

* • * * 



I ? X i 

fit? 



ii 

1 i 



10 



Dyed with: 5% Brilliant Azuriuc B. Dyed with: -4% Toluylene Brown II. 



FARBKNFABKIKKN vorm. KHIKDK. BAYER & Co., ELBEBFELD. 

27 



Table 10. 



Dyed as above : 



No. 11. 
2 % Congo Orange G. 

No. 13. 
1 % Benzo Fast Black. 

No. 15. 
2 °/o Chrysophenine. 

No. 17. 
6 % Benzo Violet R. 



No. 12. 
4 % Benzo Chrome Brown B. 

No. 14. 
3V2°/o Benzo Green G. 

No. 16. 
4 % Benzo Chrome Brown R. 

No. 18. 
5 % Benzo Purpurine 4 B. 



No. 19. 
Dyed with : 2 °/o Brilliant Azurine 5 G 

discharged with: White Discharge IV 

cover printed with: Aniline Black. 

r> :i. Aniline Black. 

2V2 galls, or 400 grms. water 



3V* lbs. 

1 lb. 6V2 oz. 

1 lb. 14 oz. 

J7V2 noggins 
\8 3 /i noggins 



50 
22,5 

30 

J 38 

I 50 



wheat starch 

chlorate of potash 

yellow prussiate of potash, 

and when cold add 
aniline oil 
hydrochloric acid 27° Tw. 



Steam for 5 minutes in the Mather & Piatt, soap slightly, wash and dry. 

White Discharge IV. 

1 gall, or 196 grms. tartrate of tin and ammonia discharge 
152 „ neutral thickening of starch tragacanth 



1 gall. „ 



348 grms. 



Tartrate of tin and ammonia discharge. 

15 lbs. or 900 grms. tin crystals dissolved in 



IV2 gall. 
7 /s gall- 



900 „ 
570 cc. 



1 1/ 4 galls. 



water, add slowly 

ammonia, allow to settle, run off 
the clear water which must be 
neutral, and then add cold 
900 grms. tartrate of ammonia. 

t^. , Tartrate of ammonia. 

Dissolve : 

10 lbs. or 450 grms. tartaric acid in 
1 gall. „ 450 ,, hot water, and when lukewarm add 
IV4 galls. „ 540 cc. ammonia, the solution must react 

alkaline. 



28 



11 



13 



15 



Cotton Printing:. 

(Discharge Printing with tin). 



Table 10. 




Dyed with: 2% Congo Orange G; 
discharged with tin. 




Dyed with : 1"'„ Benzo Fast Black; 
discharged with tin. 



17 



Dyed with: 3% Chrysophenine ; 
discharged with tin. 



« - *: •* : , A i • 

» * . i »s "? .• •• J 



Dyed with: 6% Benzo Violet B; 
discharged with tin. 




12 



Dyed with : 4 °/ Benzo Chrome Brown B ; 
discharged with tin. 




14 



Dyed with: 3 l /2°/o Benzo Green G; 
discharged with tin. 




16 



Dyed with: 4 °/ Benzo Chrome Brown K; 
discharged with tin. 




IS 



Dyed with : 5 •>/„ Benzo Purpurine 4 B ; 
discharged with tin. 



19 




20 



Dyed with: 2% Brilliant Azurine 5G; discharged with tin, 
and cover printed with Aniline Black. 



FARBENFABRIKEN vorm. FEIEDR. HATER & Co., BLBERFELD. 

29 



Colour Discharge Printing with Tin. 



The following undischargeable dyestuffs can be used with tin crystals for coloured 
discharge on Benzidine dyes. 



Red dyestuffs: 

Alizarine Red (alumina) 
Brilliant Rhoduline Red B P 
Pyronine G 
Rhodamine S, B, G 
Rhoduline Red G 
Saffranine F F extra. 



Yellow dyestuffs: 

Auramine II 

Persian Berry Extract (tin). 

Green dyestuffs : 
Brilliant Green. 

Blue dyestuffs: 

Chrome Blue (Chrome) 
Celestine Blue B (Chrome) 
Prussian Blue 
Methylene Blue B B. 

Violet dyestuffs : 

Methyl Violet 2B 
Rhoduline Violet. 



30 



Table 11. 



The dischargeable Benzidine colours can be colour discharged with tin crystals and 
undischargeable basic dyestuffs, as well as Extract of Persian Berries, lakes etc. 

The following were dyed in an alkaline bath: 

No. 1. 
Dyed with : 4 % Benzo Purpurine 4 B on flannelette. 



Boil: 5 oz. or 

19 oz. „ 

V'n pints „ 

57'a noggins „ 

IP/a noggins „ 

2 s /* pints „ 

2> oz. „ 

6 V* noggins „ 

5 oz. ,. 



Green Discharge. 

20 grms. Brilliant Green crystals 



75 
105 
110 
260 
250 

10 
150 

20 



1000 grms. 



wheat starch 

water 

acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 %) 

gum water 1:1, and then add 

acetate of tin 32° Tw. 

tin crystals, and when cold add 

acetic acid tannic acid solution 1 

citric acid (powdered) 



No. 2. 

Dyed with : 3 % Benzo Blue RW and after- 
treated with 
1 % sulphate of copper for '/« 
hour at the boil. 

This treatment renders the blue very 
fast to light. 

Persian Berry Yellow Discharge. 

Discharged with : 

2 1 /s galls, or 750 grms. White Discharge II 

(see page 25) 
7 J /a noggs. „ 90 „ Extract of Persian 

berries 52° Tw. 
3 1 /* pints „ 130 „ acetic acid thicken- 
1 noggin „ 10 „ water [ing 

7a pin t „ 20 „ acetic acid 9° Tw. 

" "looo^T ( ;3 ° 0/ °) 



No. 3. 
Dyed with : 2 % Congo Orange G. 

Boil: Violet Discharge. 

3 oz. or 30 grms. Rhoduline Violet 



! 



7','a OZ. 


» 75 


1) 


wheat starch 


*/a pint 


, 100 


11 


acetic acid 9° Tw. 
(30 %) 


7a pint 


i 95 


11 


water 


1 pint 


, 260 


11 


gum water 1 : 1 and 


P/a noggs. 


, 250 


11 


acetate of tin 32° Tw. 
and then add 


2 oz. 


» 20 


11 


tin crystals 


7'/a OZ. 


„ 75 


11 


tannic acid dissolv- 
ed in 


I 1 /* noggs. 


, 75 


11 


acetic acid 9° Tw. 
(30 %) 


2 oz. 


, 20 


11 


powdered citric acid 




1000 


grms 





No. 4. 
Dyed with : 8 % Direct Deep Black T. 



Boil: 



'/a OZ. 

2'/. oz. 

7Ve OZ. 

'/a pint 



4 1 / 



'/a pint 


n 95 


1 pint 


n 260 


a noggs. 


„ 250 


2 oz. 


„ 20 


7'/a OZ. 


n 75 



1 



/■ noggs. 
2 oz. 



Green Discharge. 

or 5 grms. Brilliant Green 

crystals 
„ 25 „ Auramine G 
„ 75 „ wheat starch 
„ 100 „ acetic acid 9° Tw. 
(30 %) 
„ water 

„ gum water 1 : 1 
„ acetate of tin 32° Tw. 
„ tin crystals, then add 
„ tannic acid dissolv- 
ed in 
75 „ acetic acid 9° Tw. 

(30 %) 
20 „ powdered citric acid 

1000 grms. 



No. 5. 

Dyed with : 5 % Diazo Blue. 
Diazotised with : 4 °/o nitrite, 10 % hydro- 
chloric acid 30° Tw. 
Developed with: 4% developer A ([3-Naphtol) 

Persian Berry Yellow Discharge. 

2 galls, or 700 grms. White Discharge II 

(see page 25) 



7 \'» noggs. 

4 '/a pints 

1 noggin 

7a pint 



90 

180 
10 
20 



11 
11 



1000 grms. 



Extract of Persian 

berries 52° Tw. 
acetic acid thicken- 
water | in- 

acetic acid 9° Tw. 
(30 °/o) 



31 



Table 11.. 



No. 6. 
Dyed with: 1% Brilliant Geranine B. 



Boil: 

1 oz. 

77» oz. 

17* pints 

1 pint 

7* pint 
1 noggin 



J 77a OZ. 

U\'a noggs. 
2 oz. 



Blue Discharge. 

10 grms. Methyl Violet 6B 

wheat starch 

water 

gum water 1 : 1, then add 

acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 °/o) 

acetate of tin 32° Tw., 

then further add 
tannic acid dissolved in 
acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 %) 
powdered citric acid 



10 grms 

75 „ 

235 „ 

2ri0 „ 

200 „ 

50 „ 

75 „ 

75 „ 

20 „ 



No. 7. 
Dyed with: 17s % Benzo Grey S extra. 

Boil: Pink Discharge. 

3 oz. or 30 grms. Rhodamine 6 G 



1000 grms. 



772 oz. 


!> 


75 


j> 


wheat starch 


7a pint 


)> 


100 


j) 


acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 %> 


2 1 ,2 noggs. 


)> 


265 


i> 


water 


v 1 pint 


)} 


260 


>> 


gum water 1:1, then add 


72 pint 


» 


100 


>> 


acetate of tin 32° Tw., 
and then add 


/ 77a oz. 


It 


75 


)> 


tannic acid dissolved in 


U7« noggs. 


)) 


75 


>> 


acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 °/o> 


2 oz. 


» 


20 
1000 


>> 
grms 


powdered citric acid 



No. 8. 
Dyed with : 3 % Benzo Green G. 

Boil . Pink Discharge. 

t 3 oz. or 30 grms. Rhodamine 6 G 



772 oz. „ 

1 noggin „ 

7a pint „ 

1 pint „ 

17* pint „ 

272 oz. „ 

j 9 oz. „ 

I 7 2 pint „ 

2 oz. ., 



75 „ wheat starch 

60 „ water 

100 „ acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 °/o) 

260 „ gum water 1 : 1 

250 „ acetate of tin 32° Tw. 
and add 

25 „ tin crystals, then 

90 „ tannic acid dissolved in 

90 „ acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 %) 

20 „ powdered citric acid 



1000 grms. 



.... . . Fast Black. 

Printed with : 

3 pints or 300 grms. Fast Black 
6 1 '* pints „ 620 „ acetic acid starch traga- 

canth thickening 



2 \'s noggs. 



80 



acetate of chrome 32° Tw. 



Boil: 



2 oz. or 20 grms 



7V« oz. 

7 « pint 

P/a pints 

1 pint 

1 noggin 
772 oz. 
Wh noggs. 
2 oz. 



r 



Green Discharge. 

Brilliant Green crystals 

wheat starch 

acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 %> 
water 

gum water 1:1, 
and then add 
acetate of tin 32° Tw. 
tannic acid dissolved in 
acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 %> 
powdered citric acid 



100 
315 
260 

60 
75 
75 

20 



» 

>> 

>> 

>> 



1000 grms. 



Persian Berry Yellow Discharge. 

11 7a noggs. or 250 grms. -White discharge II (see 

page 2- r i) 
3 5 /s noggs. „ 90 ,, Extract of Persian 

berries 52° Tw. 
640 „ acetic acid thickening 
20 „ acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 °/o> 



1 gallon 
1 noggin 



Dyed with 



1000 grms 



No. 9. 

3 % Benzo Chrome Brown B and 
treated at the boil for 7* hour with 

2 % sulphate of copper 

3 % bichromate of potash. 



Pink Discharge. 

Discharged with : 30 grms. Rhodamine 6 G the 

same as No. 8. 

Persian Berry Yellow Discharge. 

5 3 ,« pints or 500 grms. White discharge II (see 

page 25) 
3 6 ;8 noggs. 



7« noggin 

1 noggin 

4 3 « pints 



90 

10 
2) 

380 



Extract of Persian 
berries 52° Tw. 

water 

aceti: acid 9° Tw. (30 °/o> 

a:eti; acid thhkening 



1000 grms. 



1000 grms. 



32 



Cotton Printing. 

(Coloured discharge printing with tin.) 



Table 11. 




Dyed with: 4% Benzo Purpurine 4B; discharged with: 3% Brilliant Green. 




Dyed with: 3% Benzo Bine RW 

(coppered); discharged with: 

Persian berry Yellow discharge. 



Byed with: 3% Congo Orange G; 
discharged with : 3 % Rhoduline Violet. 




Byed with : 8% Direct Deep Black T: 

discharged with: 2,5 °/ Auramine G, 

0,5% Brilliant Green crystals. 



Byed with : 5 °/ n Diazo Blue 
(Beta Xaphtol) ; discharged with : 
Persian berry Yellow discharge. 



ill 



Byed with: 1% Brilliant Geranine B; 
discharged with: 1% Methyl Violet 6B. 




Byed with: 1V2% Benzo Grey S extra; 

discharged with: 3% Rhodamiiie 6 G, 

2% Brilliant Green, 

Persian berry Yellow discharge. 




Byed with : 8% Benzo Green G; 

discharged with: 8% Rhoilnmlne SO; 

printed with: 30% Fast Black. 



Dyed with: 8% Benzo Chrome Brown It: 

discharged with: 3% Khodniiiinc <»G, 

Persian berry Yellow discharge. 



FARBENFABRIKEN vorni. FRIEDR. BAYER & Co. ELBERFELD. 

33 



Table 12. 



No. 10. 

Dyed with : 6 % Benzo Chrome Black Blue B. 

Boil . Red Discharge. 

( 7 '/s oz. or GO grms. Rhodamine 6G 
1 oz. „ 8 „ 

97= oz. ,, 75 „ 

37* noggs. „ 132 „ 

5 / 8 noggin ,, 25 „ 

U B, s noggs. „ 80 „ 

5 s /s noggs. „ 250 „ 

37* oz. „ 30 „ 

l",'* pints „ 320 „ 

27* oz. ,, 20 „ 



Auramine II 

wheat starch 

acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 %) 

water 

gum water 1:1, and then 

add 
acetate of tin 32° Tw. 
tin crystals 
acetic acid tannic acid 

solution 1 : I 
powdered citric acid 



1000 grms. 



White Discharge. 

1 gall, or 1000 grms. White discharge II 

(see page 25) 
3 noggs. „ 100 „ glycerine 48° Tw. 

No. 12. 
Dyed with: 3% Heliotrope B B. 

Boil- Green Discharge. 

( 1 js oz. or 5 grms. Brilliant Green crystals 



2*/« oz. 


» 


25 


>) 


Auramine G 


) 77* oz. 


» 


75 


)> 


wheat starch 


| 1 pint 


» 


260 


>) 


gum water 1 : 1 


7* pint 
I 17* pints 


» 


160 


f> 


acetic acid 9° Tw. (30%) 


)> 


215 


>> 


water 


] */• noggs. 


>> 


90 


» 


acetate of tin 32° Tw. 


/ 77* oz. 


V 


75 


» 


tannic acid dissolved in 


\V\* noggs. 


» 


75 


>) 


acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 %) 


2 oz. 


" 


20 

1000 


grms 


powdered citric acid 



Boil: 



No. 11. 
Dyed with: 4% Benzo Brown GG. 

Green Discharge. 

2 oz. or 20 grms. Brilliant Green crystals 



i 77* oz. 


» 


75 


» 


wheat starch 


1 pint 


» 


260 


» 


gum water 1 : 1 


; 7* P^t 


» 


100 


» 


acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 %) 


|272 noggs. 


>> 


125 


>> 


water 


17* pints 


» 


250 


>> 


acetate of tin 32° Tw. 


J 77 2 oz. 


» 


75 


ii 


tannic acid dissolved in 


[Vja noggs. 


i> 


75 


>> 


acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 %) 


2 oz. 


>> 


20 
1000 


grms. 


powdered citric acid 



No. 13. 

Dyed with : 4 % Brilliant Azurine 5 G afterwards 
treated with 
1 % sulphate of copper for 72 hour 
at the boil. 

Discharged with : Persian berry Yellow discharge 
the same as No. 2 (see page 31). 

Printed with: Fast Black the same as No. 8 (see 
page 32). 



White Discharge. 

White discharge II (see page 25). 



34 



Cotton Printing. 

(Coloured discharges with tin.) 



Table 12. 



10 





Dyed with: C% Benzo Chrome Black 

BlueB; discharged with: 6% Bbodamine 

6 4jt and 0,8% Auramine II and for 

White with acetate of tin. 



Dyed with : 4 % Benzo Brown G G : 

discharged with: 

3% Brilliant Green crystals. 



12 




13 



Dyed with: 3%, Heliotrope BB; 
discharged with: 2 1 2 "„ Auramine G, 
. % Brilliant Green and for White with 
tin crystals. 



Dyed with: 4% Benzo Aznrine 5G (cop- 
pered); discharged with: Persian berry 
Yellow discharge; cover printed with: 
Vast Black. 



14 





15 



Dyed with: 3% Benzo Bine 2B; 

discharged with : 3% Saffranine FF extra, 

1% Anramine G; 

cover printed with: Fast Black. 



Dyed with: 5% Yellow P B, 0.1% Toluy- 

lene Orange G, 0,8% Benzo Shy Blue; 

discharged with: tin crystals. 




17 



Dyed with: 4% Azo Yiolet; 
discharged with: 3% Anramine II 



Dyed with: 3% Benzo Aznrine 3G; 

dischariged with: 

Persian berry Yellow discharge 

and for White with tin crystals. 




Dyed with: 1 "/„ Benzo Sky Blue; 

dischariteil with : 
Persian berry Yellow discharge. 



Dyed with: 1 "/„ Benzo Fast Black: 

discharged with: 

2°/ Brilliant Bhodiiliue Bed 11 D in paste. 



FARHENFABRIKEN voi-m. FRIEDR. BAYER «*. Co., ELMERFEED. 



85 



Table 12. 



Boil: 



No. 14. 
Dyed with : 3 % Benzo Blue 2 B. 

Red Discharge. 

2 oz. or 20 grms. Saffranine F F extra 



1 oz. 


>; 


10 


» 


Auramine G 


7-Vs oz. 


)> 


75 


» 


wheat starch 


1 pint 


» 


260 


>> 


gum water 1 : 1 


V2 pint 


» 


115 


11 


water 


V2 pint 


» 


100 


!> 


acetic acid 9° Tvv. (30 %) 


IV4 pints 


» 


250 


>> 


acetate of tin 32° Tw. 
and then add 


7V« oz. 


)) 


75 


>! 


tannic acid 


IV2 noggs. 


}> 


75 


» 


acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 %) 


2 oz. 


>> 


20 
1000 


>> 

grms 


citric acid crystals 



No. 15. 

Dyed with: 5% Yellow PR 

0,1 % Toluylene Orange G 
0,8 % Benzo Sky Blue. 

Discharged with: White discharge II (see page 25). 

Toluylene Orange G and Benzo Sky Blue are 
dischargeable with tin crystals, whereas Pnmuline 
Yellow being undischargeable remains. 



Boil: 

3 oz. 

7V« oz. 

1 pint 

V-i pint 

V2 pint 

VU pint 

V2 oz. 

7 ] /2 oz. 

1 1/2 noggs. 

2 oz. 



No. 16. 
D}^ed with : 4 % Azo Violet. 

Yellow Discharge. 

or 30 grms. Auramine II 



to 

260 
110 

100 

250 



75 
75 

20 



wheat starch 

gum water 1 : 1 

water 

acetic acid 0° Tw. (30 %) 

acetate of tin 32° Tw. 

and then add 
tin crystals 

tannic acid dissolved in 
acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 %) 
powdered citric acid 



No. 17. 
Dyed with: 3% Benzo Azurine 3 G. 

White discharge II (page 25) reduced I W 

Persian Berry Yellow Discharge. 

13 3 /4 noggs. or 150 grms. White discharge II (see 







page 25) 


7 1 /a noggs. „ 90 


>> 


Extract of Persian 
berries 52° Tw. 


1 noggin „ 10 


>r 


water 


2 1 / i galls. „ 730 


yi 


acetic acid thickening 


2 noggs. „ 20 


» 


acetic acid *j° Tw. (30 %) 


1000 


grms. 





1000 grms. 



No. 18. 
Dyed with : 1 % Benzo Sky Blue. 

Persian Berry Yellow Discharge. 

13 3 4 pints or 600 grms. White discharge II (see 

page 25) 



77^ noggs. „ 



2 noggs. „ 

1 nogg. „ 

7 pints „ 



90 „ Extract of Persian 
berries 52° Tw. 

20 „ acetic acid 9° Tvv. (30 %) 
10 „ water 
280 ,, acetic acid thickening 



1000 grms. 



Boil: 



No. 19. 
Dyed with : 1 % Benzo Fast Black. 

Red Discharge. 

2 oz. or 20 grms. Brilliant Rhoduline Red 

B D in paste 

wheat starch 

gum water 1 : 1 

acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 %) 

water 

acetate of tin 32° Tw., 

and then add 
tannic acid dissolved in 
acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 °/o) 
powdered citric acid 



77« OZ. 


» 


75 


>) 


1 pint 


>> 


260 


» , 


1 pint 


» 


205 


» '• 


1 pint 


>> 


200 


>> 


l U noggs. 


>> 


70 


>} • 


7 1 /. oz. 


» 


75 


» 


7 3 noggs. 


>> 


75 


}) '< 


2 oz. 


>> 


20 


» ] 




1000 


grms. 



The pieces printed with discharge colours are steamed for 10 mins. and passed through 
a bath of tartar emetic, then washed and dried. 



36 



Cotton Printing. 

(Colour discharge printing with tin.) 



Table 13. 



20 




Byed with: Beuzo I'urpiiriiie 4 B; 

discharged with: Persian Berry Yellow 

and Diethyl Violet. 



Dyed with: Beuzo Sky Bine; 
discharged with: Methyl Violet. 




l>yed with: Diazo Black B; 
discharged with : 
/ Brilliant Oreeu, Persian Berry Yellow 
y and Anramine. 



l>yed with: Beuzo Purpuriue 10 B ; 
discharged with: Brilliant Green. 




25 



l>yed with: Benzo Brown >' 15: 
discharged with: Persian Berry Yellow 
and Brilliant Green. 



B-yed with : Beuzo Olive and Benzo 

Black Blue 5G; discharged with: 

Methyl Violet aud Persian Berry Yellow. 




27 



Byed with : Heliotrope B B and 

Gerauine G; discharged with: Persian 

Berry Yellow and Methyl Violet. 



Byed with: Benzo Purpuriue IB; 

discharged with: Methyl Violet. 

Brilliant Green. Persiau Berry Yellow. 




29 



Byed with: Benzo Brown NB and 

Gernnlne G; discharged with: 

Methylene Blue and Brilliant Oreen. 



I>yed with: Beuzo fcky Blue; 
discharged with: Persian Berry Yellow 
and Methyl Violet. 



FARBENFABRIKEN vorm. FRIEDR. BAYER & Co., ELBERFELD. 

37 






J 



Table 14. 



No. 30. 
Dyed with: 

1 % Benzo Cyanine 3 B 

Vie °/o Chrysophenine. 
Discharged with : 

tin-discharge 

Brilliant Green crystals. 
Printed with: 

Steam Black. 



No. 31. 

Printed with : 

Vji °'o Benzo Purpurine 10 B 



i i 0, 

I* 1 



Geranine BB 



7s °/o Benzo Purpurine 4 B. 
ed with: 
Brilliant Green crystals. 



Discharged with 



No. 32. 

Dyed with: 

17s % Benzo Cyanine 3 B 
0,56 % Diazo Black B. 

Discharged with: 

Persian Berry Yellow 
Brilliant Green crystals. 

Printed with: 

Steam Black. 



No. 33. 
Dyed with: 

3 u , Benzo Purpurine 4 B. 
Discharged with : 

Methylene Blue 

Brilliant Green crystals. 
Printed with : 

Logwood Black. 



No. 34. 

Dyed with: 

1 %> Benzo Cyanine 3 B 
0,061 °/o Chrysophenine. 

Discharged with : 

Brilliant Green crystals. 



No. 35. 
Dyed with: 

3 °/o Benzo Purpurine 4 B. 
Discharged with : 

Methylene Blue. 



Table 14. 



Cotton Printing. 

(Coloured discharges with tin). 



30 



v " r % L* , 



'' m\i\i 









Dyed with: Benzo Cyanin 3B and Chrysophenine ; discharged with : tin discharge 
(for white), Brilliant Green ; printed with : Steam Black. 



31 




Dyed with: Benzo Purpurine 10 B, Oeranine B B, Benzo Purpurine 4B; 
discharged with : Brilliant Green crystals. 




Dyed with: Benzo Cyanine SB, Diazo Black B: discharged with: Persian Berry 
Yellow, Brilliant Green; printed with: Steam Black. 



33 





























\V{jft 






\\vjjjn 


E«n 




v3 




llHi 








•l^ 






tW 


p/'!ijH?j'' 




HbliWl 




Uk 










Ijia 


VI 






U ««??! 




r'2n frrj' 


».jA1ffll 
MHRHI 






Kl*M 


















Wkti'M 




DHV v?^fi 



Dyed with : Benzo Purpurine 4B; discharged with: Methylene Blue, 
Brilliant Green; printed with: IJogwood Black. 




Dyed with: Benzo Cyanine SB and Clirysophenine; 
discharged with: Brillant Green crystals. 



35 




Dyed with: Benzo Purpurine 4B; discharged with: Methylene Blue. 



FARBENFABRIKEN Form. FEIEDR, HA V Kit & Co., ELBERFELD. 

39 



When dyed on cotton the following Benzidine dyestuffs cannot be discharged with 
acetate of tin. 



Red Dyestuffs : 
Yellow PR (developed). 

Yellow Dyestuffs: 

Chloramine Yellow 
Curcumine S 
Direct Yellow R 
Mikado Yellow G 
Yellow PR 
Thiazole Yellow. 

Brown and Claret Dystuffs : 

Benzo Brown 5 R (turns yellow) 

Diazo Bordeaux (developer A) 

Hessian Brown B 

Katigene Black Brown 

Yellow PR with developer B (turns yellow). 

Black Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Chrome Black, after chromed (reddish brown). 
Diazo Black H (turns yellow). 



40 



Discharge Printing with Zinc powder. 



Dyed on cotton the following Benzidine colours can be discharged with zinc powder: 



Red Dyestuffs : 
Benzo Purpurine i B, 4 B, 6 B, 10 B 
Brilliant Congo G, R 
Brilliant Geranine B, 3 B 
Brilliant Purpurine R 
Congo Red, G, G R, 4 R 
Delta Purpurine 5 B, 7 B, G 
Diamine Red B, 3 B 
Geranine G, BB 
Hessian Brilliant Purple B 
Hessian Purple N, B, NB (yellow) 
Rose Azurine B, G. 

Orange Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Orange R 

Brilliant Orange G 

Chloramine Orange G 

Congo Orange G, R 

Mikado Orange 2 R, 3 R, 4 R, 5 R, GO, G, 

R, R O, 2 R O, 3 R O, 4 R, 5 R O. 
Toluylene Orange G. 

Yellow Dyestuffs : 

Chrysamine G, R, R S, G S 

Chrysophenine 

Curcumine S, W 

Direct Yellow R (fairly well) 

Hessian Yellow 

Mikado Yellow. 

Green Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Dark Green 
Benzo Green B B, G 
Benzo Olive (fairly good). 

Blue Dyestuffs: 
Azo Blue 

Benzo Azurine G, 3 G, R 
Benzo Black Blue G, 5 G, R 
Benzo Blue B X, 2 B, 3 B, RW, 2 R, 4 R 
Benzo Chrome Black Blue B 
Benzo Cyanine B, 3 B, R 
Benzo Indigo Blue 
Benzo Navy Blue B 
Benzo Red Blue G, R 
Benzo Sky Blue, 4B 
Brilliant Azurine B, 5 G 
Brilliant Benzo Blue 6B 
Brilliant Sulphon Azurine R 
« hi ago Blue B, R 
Congo Blue 2 B 
Diazo Black B, 3B, R, R extra (undiazotised) 



Diazo Blue (3-Naphtol) 

Diazo Blue 3R (S-Naphtol). 

Diazo Blue Black (undiazotised) 

Diazo Navy Blue 3 B (3-Naphtol) 

Diazo Indigo Blue B 

Diazo Red Blue 3R (3-Naphtol) 

Diazurine B (3-Naphtol). 

Violet Dyestuffs : 

Azo Violet 

Benzo Violet R 

Diazo Violet R (B-Naphtol). 

Heliotrope (fairly good) 

Heliotrope B B 

Brown Dyestuffs : 

Benzo Brown B, B X, NBX, BR, N B, 

GG, R extra, N B R. 
Benzo Chrome Brown G, B, R, 3 R, 5 G 
Benzo Dark Brown 
Benzo Black Brown 
Chloramine Brown G 
Congo Rubine 
Diazo Brown G 
Diazo Brilliant Black B (diazotised and 

developed with soda) 
Direct Bronze Brown 
Direct Fast Brown G G, B 
Hessian Brown B 
Mikado Brown B, G 
Toluylene Brown B, B B O, M, R. 

Grey Dyestuffs : 

Benzo Chrome Black N 
Benzo Fast Grey 
Benzo Grey 
Benzo Grey S extra 
Diazo Black B H N 
Pluto Black B, G, R. 

Black Dyestuffs : 

Benzo Fast Black 

Benzo Black, S extra 

Diazo Brilliant Black B, R (3-Naphtol) 

Diazo Blue Black (B-Naphtol) 

Diazo Black B, 3 B, R, B H N, R extra 

(3-Naphtol) 
Direct Blue Black B, N 
Direct Deep Black E, E extra, G, R, T, RW 
Pluto Black B, G, R. 



41 



Table 15. 



Zinc powder with bisulphite of soda is a more powerful discharge than acetate of tin. 
In order to prevent the rollers and doctors from being affected, only the finest sifted zinc 
powder should be used. The discharge paste must be printed on with a brush, in order to 
prevent the zinc powder from "sticking in" the engraving. 

After printing, steam for 1 hour without pressure, wash, if necessary in a slightly acid 
bath, wash and dry. 

White Discharge. 

12 1 k lbs. or 333 grms. zinc powder, well sifted, and 

1 gallon „ 333 „ gum water 1 : 1 grind well, then cool down 

with ice and add gradually 
7'/« pints „ 334 „ sodium bisulphite 66° Tw. 
1000 grms. 
Occasionally glycerine, ammonia, soda etc. are added to the discharge. 

For dyeing directions see page 22. 



No. 1. 
6 °/o Benzo Chrome Black Blue B. 



No. 2. 
4% Azo Violet. 



No. 3. 
5 °/o Benzo Brown B X. 



No. 4. 
5 % Brilliant Purpurine R. 



No. 5. 
2 1 /! % Congo Orange R. 



No. 6. 
3 % Benzo Cyanine B. 



No. 7. 
3 % Benzo Olive. 



No. 8. 
8 % Pluto Black B. 



No. 9. 
1 °/o Benzo Fast Grey 



No. 10. 
2 % Chrysophenine. 



42 



Cotton Printiiig. 

(Discharges with zinc powder.) 



Table 15. 




Dyed with: 6% Benzo Chrome Black 
Blue B; discharged with zinc powder. 




Dyed with: 5% Benzo Brown BX. 
discharged -with zinc powder. 




Dyed with: ft l k°lu Congo Orange B; 
discharged with zinc powder. 




Dyed with: 3% Benzo Olive; 
discharged with zinc powder. 




Dyed with: 1% Benzo Fast C»rey; 
discharged with zinc powder. 




l>yed with: 4% Azo Violet; 
discharged with zinc powder. 




Dyed with: 5",.'., Brilliant Pnrpnrine B; 
discharged with zinc powder. 




Dyed with: .'■»"■„ Benzo Cyanine B; 
discharged with zinc powder. 




Dyed with: S% Pluto Black B ; 
discharged with zinc powder. 




I!*" 



Dyed with: a v„ Ohry«ophenlne; 

discharged with zinc powder. 



10 



FARBENEABRIKEN vorm. FBIEDB. ItAYEU & Co., ELBERFELD. 

48 



When dyed on cotton the following Benzidine colours cannot be discharged with zinc 
powder : 

Red Dyestuffs : 
Yellow P R (developed). 

Yellow Dyestuffs: 

Chloramine Yellow 
Curcumine S 
Yellow PR 
Thiazole Yellow. 

Brown Dyestuffs: 

Katigene Black Brown. 

Black Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Chrome Black. 



44 



The following dyestuffs are suitable for coloured discharges with zinc powder on 
Benzidine colours : 



Red Dyestuffs : 

Brilliant Rhoduline Red B D 
Yellow PR (developed) 
Rhoduline Red G 
Saffranine F F extra. 



Yellow Dyestuffs: 

Yellow PR. 

It can be discharged with : 

1 lb. or 100 grms. Yellow PR 

2 lbs. „ 200 „ dextrine 

3V2 pints „ 400 „ water 

2 2 /5 lbs. „ 240 „ zinc powder 

l*/ 5 lbs. „ 180 „ bisulphite of soda 52° Tw. 

4 oz. „ 24 „ glycerine 48° Tw. 

3 oz. „ 16 „ ammonia. 

Steam, sour, wash and dry. 

In order to obtain a Red instead of a Yellow it can be diazotised and developed with 
|3-Naphtol Developer. 



Blue Dyestuffs: 

Methylene Blue B B. 

The following recipe can be used for discharging: 

Dissolve : 

10 oz. or 10 grms. Saffranine FF extra in 

, water and warm with 

„ gum water 1 : 1, and then add 

, zinc powder; when cooled down add 

, sodium bisulphite 72° Tw. 

„ tannic acid dissolved in 

, acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 °/o) 



3 pints 


„ 60 


17* galls. 


„ 300 


18 3 /i lbs. 


„ 300 


11 pints 


„ 300 


15 oz. 


n 15 


3 noggins 


„ 15 



1000 grms. 



Steam for '/« hour without pressure, then run through a bath of tartar emetic, wash 
and dry. 



45 



Coloured Discharges 

with oxidizing agents. 



Most of the Benzidine dyestuffs can be discharged with oxidizing agents (such as 
chlorates etc.) but a few of them withstand the same. These can be employed for coloured 
discharges in dischargeable dyestuffs such as Indigo, Alizarine, Chrome, Diamond and Basic 
Colours. This small selection of colours withstanding the action of chlorine to a more or 
less degree can be used as coloured resists for the Aniline Black discharge style. 

The following Benzidine colours, which entirely or partly resist oxidizing agents, are 
specially adapted for coloured discharges on Indigo, Alizarine colours fixed on chrome, Basic 
colours etc. with the aid of oxidizing agents; they can also be employed as discharges on 
Aniline Black by the ferrocyanide process : 

Red Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Fast Red 
Brilliant Geranine B 
Geranine G. 



Orange Dyestuffs: 

Chloramine Orange G 
Congo Orange G R 
Mikado Orange. 

Yellow Dyestuffs: 

Chloramine Yellow 
Chrysophenine. 

Blue Dyestuffs : 

Benzo Sky Blue. 

Brown Dyestuffs : 

All the Benzo Browns. 



46 



Table 16. 



These Benzidine dyestuffs not affected by chlorine are also used for discharging dyed Indigo Blues: 



No. 1. 
B il : Yellow Discharge. 

7!k pints or 400 grms. chlorate of soda solution 
76° Tw. (16 1 /. lbs. per gallon or 
500 grms. : 300 grms. water) 

{ 



4\'2 lbs. 


or 


148 


grms. 


China clay 


1 pint 


7> 


40 


w 


water 


•/* lb. 


II 


24 


w 


Chrysophenine and 


hV* lbs. 


H 


180 


» 


British gum, and then add 


10 oz. 


JJ 


20 


II 


red prussiate of potash, 
and when cold add 


I 1 /* lbs. 


n 


40 


i; 


citric acid dissolved in 


i'/s pints 


H 


100 


n 


water. 



No. 2. 
Boil: Orange Discharge. 

77* pints or 400 grms. chlorate of soda solution 
76° Tw. (16 V« lbs. per gallon or 
K00 p-rms. : 20fl orrr 

/ 







500 


grms. : 300 grms. water) 


4 1 / 3 lbs. 


w 


148 g 


rms. 


China clay 


1 pint 


w 


40 


1) 


water 


1 lb. 


II 


32 


II 


Chloramine Orange G and 


5 ] / 2 lbs. 


w 


180 


II 


British gum, and then add 


10 oz. 


» 


20 


II 


red prussiate of potash, 
and when cold add 


VU lbs. 


!» 


40 


» 


citric acid dissolved in 


2 1 /a pints 


w 


100 


II 


water. 



Boil: White Discharge. 

7 1 /* pints or 400 grms. chlorate of soda 



China clay 

water 

British gum, and then add 

red prussiate of potash, 

and when cold, add 
citric acid dissolved in 
water. 



Steam for 1 ,' i — y.> hour without pressure, and then wash and dry. 



4 \/i lbs. 


„ 148 


Vjn pints 


„ 72 


5 l / 2 lbs. 


„ 180 


4 1 /* pints 


„ 20 


I 1 /* lbs. 


„ 40 


2 '/a- pints 


„ 100 



7Va oz. 
2V2 pints 

0V4 pints 

15 pints 

V2 noggin 

2V2 pints 

IV4 pints 



4 lbs. lloz. 
6V2 pints 

3Va noggs. 

Boil: 

&V4 oz. 

51/2 lbs. 

2 lbs. 

4Vs pints 

21/2 oz. 

IV2 pints 

Steam 
wash and 



No. 3. 

Padded with: 
or 15 grms. Alizarine Viridine in paste 

„ 100 „ mucilage of tragacanth 

65:1000 
„ 129 „ water 
„ 600 „ water 

„ 6 „ acetate of chrome 32° Tw. 
„ 100 „ water 
j, 50 „ ac etic acid 9° Tw. (30 %) 

1C00 grms. 

Printed with: 
or 300 grms. Alizarine Viridine in paste 
„ 620 „ acetic acid starch traga- 



80 



canth thickening 
acetate of chrome 32° Tw. 



1000 grms. 



Discharged with : 
or 33 grms. Chloramine Yellow 
„ 350 „ British gum 
„ 125 „ chlorate of soda and 
„ 332 „ water, and when luke 

warm add 
„ 10 grms. red prussiate of potash, 

and when cold add 
„ 150 „ citrate of soda 52° Tw. 

for one hour without pressure, soap 
dry. 



Dissolve : 

( 12 Va oz. or 

I 

1 7s pints „ . 

3/4 nogg. „ 

5 pints „ 

15 pints „ 

13/ 4 noggs. „ 

2 ] /2 pints „ 



No. 4. 
Padded with 



25 grms. Alizarine Bordeaux B P 



45 

10 

200 

600 

20 

100 



20% in 
ammonia spc. gravity 0.950 
glycerine 48° Tw. 
water, and then add 
water 

acetate of chrome 32° Tw. 
water. 



Boil: 

1 lb. or 

6 lbs. „ 

6V4 pints ,. 

Vf lb- „ 

Va lb- „ 

5 lbs. 2 oz. „ 

7 pints „ 



Yellow Discharge. 

33 grms. Chloramine Yellow 

192 „ British gum 
247 ,. water 

16 „ chlorate of potash, and 

17 „ chlorate of soda, allow to 
cool down a little, and then add 

165 grms. powdered red prussiate of 
potash (sifted) and when cold, add 
330 grms. citrate of soda 3S° Tw. 



1000 grms. 



Steam for 1 hour without pressure, soap for 
3 mins. at 86° Faht. wasli full width, nip through, 
mangle and dry. The soaping, washing and squeez- 
ing must take place "open" (not in the rope) as 
in the latter case "marking off" is liable to occur. 
The goods can also be- hydro-extracted. 



47 



l 3 /4 oz. or 



33/4 pints 
IV4 pints 

7V4 pints 

1/4 noggin 

31/2 noggs. 



Boil: 

1 lb. 

6 lbs. 

11 pints 

3 oz. 

3 oz. 

VU lbs. 



No. 5. 

Padded with: 

70 grms. Brilliant Alizarine Blue 
D in paste 

water 

mucilage of tragacanth 

65 : 1000 
water 

acetate of chrome 32° Tw. 
hyposulphite of soda 

solution 80 : 20 water 



3000 
1000 

5770 

60 

100 



< 



47* noggs. 
5 pints 



10000 grms. 

Discharged with: 

or 33 grms. Geranine G 
„ 191 „ British gum 
„ 434 „ water 
„ 6 „ chlorate of soda 
„ 6 „ chlorate of potash 
„ 40 „ powdered red prussiate 

of potash, and when cold, add 
„ 59 grms. citrate of soda 52° Tw. 
„ 231 „ starch tragacanth thicken- 

1000 grms. I>g 



Table 16. 

No. 6. 

Padded with: 

f31bs.2oz. or 50 grms. Alizarine Cyanine Black 
|j G in paste 

ammonia 0.950 

glycerine 48° Tw. . 

water 

water 

acetate of chrome 32° Tw. 

water. 



2'/* pints 

l"/*nggs. 

8 8 /* pints 

2 s m galls. 

3 Vs. noggs. 

5 pints 



45 „ 

10 „ 

175 „ 

600 „ 

20 „ 

100 .. 

1000 grms. 



Boil: Discharged with: 

1 lb. or 33 grms. Congo Orange G 



6 lbs. 


» 


193 


» 


British gum 


11 pints 


» 


435 


ij 


water 


37* oz. 


w 


7 


!> 


chlorate of potash 


37s oz. 


n 


7 


» 


chlorate of soda, 
and then add 


17* lbs. 


n 


40 


» 


powdered red prussiate 








of potash, and when cold add 


4 noggs. 


V 


59 


grms. 


citrate of soda 38° Tw. 


5 pints 


» 


226 


» 


starch tragacanth thicken- 



1000 grms. 



[ing 



Striking effects can be produced by combining mordant dyestuffs and Benzidine colours which are 
dischargeable by chlorates. 











No. 7. 








Padded with: 


r 10 oz. 


or 


20 


grms. 


Alizarine Bordeaux B P 20 % 


1 17s pints 


» 


45 


» 


ammonia 0.950 


] 8 /4 nogg. 


» 


10 


» 


glycerine 48° Tw. 


1 5 pints 


» 


200 


n 


water 


127' 2 pints 


» 


500 


a 


water 


(l 8 /* nggs. 


n 


20 


» 


acetate of chrome 32° Tw. 


\27» pints 


» 


100 


» 


water 


27a OZ. 


i) 


5 


» 


Chrysophenine 


27a pints 


i) 


100 


» 


water 



Boil: 

5 lbs. 

18 oz. 

37a pints 

2 oz. 



17* noggs. 



1000 grms. 

Discharged with : 

White Discharge F. 

or 400 grms. British gum 
„ 90 „ chlorate of soda and 
„ 350 u water, and then add 
„ 10 „ powdered red prussia te of potash 

and when cold, add 
„ 150 ,, citrate of soda 52° Tw. 



1000 grms. 



The process depends on Alizarine Bordeaux being discharged with chlorates, whereas Chrysophenine 
is not destroyed, and thus yellow figures may be produced on a brown ground. 



48 



Cotton Printing. 

(Colour discharge printing with oxidising agents.) 



Table 16. 




Indigo discharged with Chrysophenine. 



9 


* ^3 8" 

*• CI 

1 if 


■* 

v i 

«. 

.* ■ 

*" 1 
*■»"■- 1 
V 

*■ 
*■ 



Alizarine Viridine discharged with 
Chrysophenine. 



V 
V 

s 
\ 
% 
s 




Brilliant Alizarine Blue D discharged 
with Geranine G. 



Alizarine Bordeaux B P 

and Chrysophenine discharged with 

chlorate of soda. 




Brilliant Alizarine Blue HP 

and Geranine <„ discharged with 

acetate of tin. 



Indigo discharged with Chloramine 
Orange G. 





1 

1 

1 

1 

1 


£M m * fli BB i IB 

1 If h 

Wk B ' 1 B i H 

jB ■ 1 I ■ 1 1 P9 b 

IB H ' B II ■ H 

B " 1 1 ' 1 IS = 

1 ' 1 I ■ 1 1 , 











Alizarine Bordeaux B P discharged 
with Chloramine Yellow. 




Alizarine Cyanine Black G- discharged 
with Congo Orange G. 



Alizarine Bordeaux B P 

and Oeranine «- discharged with 

chlorate of soda. 




10 



Aniline Black discharged with 
Congo Orange <>. 



FARBENFABRIKEN vorm. FRIEDR. BAYER & Co., ELBERFELD. 

49 



Table 16. 



No. 8. 

Similar effects to No. 7 are obtained with Geranine G which is fairly resistant to the 
action of chlorine. 

Padded with: 

The same as in No. 7 but instead of 
5 grms. Chrysophenine take 
5 „ Geranine G. 

Discharged with : 

White Discharge F 

same as in No. 7. 

Steam for 1 hour without pressure, run through a weak soap bath, wash and dry. In 
this way a pink on a brown ground is produced. 



No. 9. 
Padded with: 



f 4 oz. 


or 


40 


grms. 


Brilliant Alizarine Blue S P d 


\ 1 pint 


w 


200 


ii 


water, thickened with 


I 7s pint 


» 


100 


n 


mucilage of tragacanth 65 : 1000 


\VU pint 


)) 


360 


» 


water 


VU noggs. 


V 


100 


n 


acetate of chrome 82° Tw. 


% pint 


» 


100 


V 


water, and then add 


i % oz. 


» 


5 


)> 


Geranine G dissolved in 


\ 7a pint 


i; 


95 


V 


water. 



1000 grms. 

Discharged with : 
White Discharge II reduced 2 and 1 page 25. 

Steam for 1 hour without pressure, wash, soap slightly if requisite, wash and then dry. 

If Geranine G, which is discharged by tin, is combined with Brilliant Alizarine Blue S P 
which is not discharged, and then printed with acetate of tin and steamed, Geranine G alone 
is discharged, and the light blue of Brilliant Alizarine Blue S P remains. 



Discharge Printing on Aniline Black. 



No. 10. 



Orange Discharge. 



15 oz. or 


15 


grms. 


Congo Orange G 


3 x /« pints „ 


65 


» 


water 


117* lbs. „ 


180 


i; 


zinc white 


17* galls. „ 


200 


w 


mucilage of tragacanth 65 : 1000 


87* pints „ 


220 


„ 


gum water 1 : 1 


l x 4 pints „ 


30 


» 


glycerine 48° Tw. 


17a pints „ 


30 


» 


olive oil. 



Print, steam for */« hour, slop pad with Ferrocyanide Aniline Black, oxidise in Mather 
and Piatt, run through a bath of silicate of soda, wash and dry. 



50 



Table 17. 



No. 11. 
The following colours can be printed on white calico and steamed for '/a hour: 

Pink Discharge. 



15 oz. 


or 


15 


grms. 


Geranine G 


3 1 /* pints 


» 


65 


it 


water 


11V* lbs. 


» 


180 


» 


zinc white 


11 pints 


t, 


220 


w 


mucilage of tragacanth 65 : 1000 


8 3 '* pints 


71 


220 


II 


gum water 1 : 1 


VI* pints 


II 


30 


II 


glycerine 48° Tw. 


Via pints 


n 


30 


II 


olive oil 



Slop pad with Ferrocyanide Aniline Black, dry, oxidise in Mather and Piatt, then run 
through a bath of silicate of soda, wash and dry. 



No. 12. 
Padded with Ferrocyanide Aniline Black, dried, and then discharged with : 



Boil: 




H 


eno 1 


w uiscnarge. 


12 oz. 


or 


12 


grms. 


Chloramine Yellow 


15 pints 


a 


303 


» 


water 


12\'a pints 


ii 


250 


» 


mucilage of tragacanth 65 : 1000 


Via galls. 


a 


250 


i> 


starch tragacanth thickening 


VI* lbs. 


n 


20 


a 


phosphate of soda; when luke 
warm add 


9V» lbs. 


i) 


150 


a 


acetate of soda 


2 1 /* noggs. 


H 


15 


a 


caustic soda 66° Tw. 



1000 grms. 
Steam for 5 mins. in Mather and Piatt, run through a bath of silicate of soda, wash and dry. 



No. 13. 
Blue Discharge. 

l 1 /* lbs. or 20 grms. Benzo Sky Blue 



3 pints 


ii 


60 


ii 


water 


11 V* lbs. 


n 


180 


ii 


zinc white 


15 pints 


ii 


300 


n 


mucilage of tragacanth 
65 : 1000 


8 3 /< pints 


» 


220 


ii 


gum water 1 : 1 


VI* pints 


» 


30 


n 


glycerine 48° Tw. 


Via pints 


ii 


30 


ii 


olive oil 


7« pint 


» 


20 


ii 


bisulphite of soda 66° Tw 



No. 14. 
Boil . Red Discharge. 

2 lbs. 2 oz. or 135 grms. Benzo Purpurine 4B 

„ water 
! 1 ' : 11. „ mucilage of tragacanth 

65 : 1000 
„ starch tragacanth thicken- 
ing, and then add 
,, phosphate of soda, and 

when cold add 
„ caustic soda 66° Tw. 
„ bisulphite of soda 66° Tw. 

Print on padded Aniline Black, steam for 5 mins., run through a bath of silicate of 
soda, wash and dry. 



77* noggs. 


.I 


155 


1 2 '/a noggs. 


11 


250 


3 pints 


11 


250 


5 oz. 


11 


20 


9 lit noggin 


11 


15 


l'/s noggin 


w 


30 



Table 17. 



Aniline Black piece goods discharged with Benzidine colours are often mercerised. 

No. 16. 



No. 15. 

Aniline Black discharged with 

Brilliant Geranine B, Benzo Purpurine 4 B, 

Chrysophenine 
/Chrysophenine 
\Benzo Sky Blue 

and afterwards mercerised. 



Aniline Black discharged with 

Heliotrope B B 
IBenzo Sky Blue 
\Chloramine Yellow 

and afterwards mercerised. 



Discharge Printing on Basic Dyestuffs. 



The Benzidine dyestuffs are sometimes used 
with oxidising agents. 

No. 17. 

Padded with: 

4 % tannic acid 
2 °/o tartar emetic. 

Dyed with: 

0.7% Turquoise Blue BB. 

Washed, dried, and printed with: 

Orange Discharge. 



for coloured discharges on basic dyestuffs dischargeable 



Boil: 



3 oz. or 30 grms. Chloramine Orange G 



Vji pints 


„ 250 


V 


water 


'/a pint 


„ 100 


» 


mucilage of tragacanth 
65 : 1000 


7 oz. 


„ 70 


» 


wheat starch; when cold 
add 


l T /s pints 


„ 450 


» 


White Discharge I 


l /a pint 


v 100 


>; 


albumen water 2 : 1 



1U0U grms. 
Steam for V* hour without pressure, wash and dry. 

Boil . White Discharge I. 

14'/2 pints or 400 grms. chlorate of soda 76° Tw. 



{ 



8 3 A lbs. 

3/4 galls. 

8 lbs. 



140 „ China clay 

12U „ water 

130 „ British gum, when hike 
warm, add 
red prussiate of potash 
citric acid dissolved in 
water 



20 
40 

100 



1V 4 lbs. 
/ 2V 2 lbs. 
\ 5 pints 

For colour discharging of Alizarines with 
chloride of lime, Benzidine dyestuffs which resist 
the action of chlorine can be used. 



No. 19. 



Dyed with Alizarine and printed as follows: 

Dissolve: Yellow Discharge. 

15 oz. or 150 grms. powdered tartaric acid and 



IV4 lbs 

1 pint 

15 oz. 

5 oz. 

1 '/4 pints 



200 
200 
150 
50 
250 



powdered citric acid in 
water, and add slowly 
British gum and 
Chloramine Yellow and 
water, then boil. 



1000 grms. 

Steam for 1 hour without pressure, run the 
goods through a solution of chloride of time 9° Tw. 
at 95° Faht. for 1 minute and wash. 



Padded with : 



Dyed with: 



No. 18. 



2 0/ o tannic acid 
1 °/o tartar emetic. 



1 % New Victoria Blue B. 

2% alum. 

Washed, dried and printed with : 

Boil: Yellow Discharge. 

3 oz. or 30 grms. Chrysophenine 
D/4 pints „ 250 „ water 

Va pint „ 100 „ mucilage of tragacanth 

05 : 1000 
7 oz. „ 70 „ wheat starch, and then add 
l 5 /s pints „ 400 „ White Discharge I, 

see No. 17 
3 /i pint „ 150 „ albumen water 2 : 1 

1000 grms. 
Steam V* hour without pressure, wash and dry. 



No. 20. 



The Benzidine dyestuffs are also suitable for 
adding to the soda-tartar-emetic reserve, to produce 
coloured resist effects under basic colours. 



Boil: 

4V-2 oz. or 

n 3 / 4 pints 
\4 1 /2 pints 

4 3 / 4 lbs. 



Yellow Resist. 

18 grms. Chloramine Yellow 

dissolved in 

150 „ water, with 

532 ,. soda-tartar-emetic solu- 
tion 106° Tw. and 



W0 



British gum 







1000 grms. 






Cover 


Print Blue. 


15 oz. 


or 


150 grms 


. Acetine Blue 


2 1 / 4 pints 


» 


550 „ 


acetic acid starch traga- 
canth thickening 


IV4 pints 


» 


300 „ 


acetic acid tannic acid 
solution 1 : 1 



1U00 grms. 

Print first with yellow resist, cover print with 
blue, as above, steam for one hour without pressure, 
wash, soap for 10 mins. cold, wash and dry. 






Cotton Printing. 

(Discharge printing on Aniline Black, basic dyestuffs etc.) 



Table 17. 



11 





Aniline Black discharged with 
Geranine O. 



Aniline Black discharged with 
Chloramine Yellow. 




Aniline Black discharged with 
Benzo Sky Bine. 



Aniline Black discharged with 
Benzo Purnurine 4 B. 



15 



Aniline Black discharged with Brilliant 

Geranine B, Benzo Purpnrine 4 B, 

Chrysonhenine; Benzo Sky Blue and 

Chrysonbeniue (Olive) and afterwards 

mercerised. 



Aniline Black discharged with 

Heliotrope B B, Benzo Sky Blue and 

Chloramiue Yellow, and afterwards 

mercerised. 



17 




Turquoise Blue BB 
discharged with Chloramine Orange G. 



New Victoria Bine B 
discharged with Chrysopneiiine. 





Chlo rami ne Yellow 
discharged on Alizarine. 



i'liloramine Yellow 
resist under Acetine Blue. 



14 




16 




18 



20 



FARBENFABRIKEN vorm. FRIEDR. BAYER & Co., ELDERFELD. 

53 



Table 17. 



Discharge Printing on Basic Dyestuffs. 



The following basic dyestuffs dyed on a tannic acid mordant, can be discharged with 
oxidising agents (chlorates, ferricyanide of potassium etc.) 



Red Dyestuffs : 

Rhodamine B. 

Yellow Dyestuffs: 

Auramine II. 

Green Dyestuffs: 

Brilliant Green 

Emerald Green 

Imperial Green G I 

Methyl Green 

Turquoise Blue G and BB. 

Blue Dyestuffs: 

New Victoria Blue B 
Victoria Blue B. 

Violet Dyestuffs: 

Methyl Violet i B. 

Brown Dyestuffs : 

Bismarck Brown M, F F, L L extra, R, F, R extra (fairly good). 



54 



Table 18. 

No. 1. 

E. Jantsch of the Cotton Manufacturing Co., Hilden, published some time ago a 
pamphlet treating of the practical application of discharge printing: 

This firm dissolve substantive dyestuffs not affected by alkalies in an alkaline (3-Naphtol 
solution, impregnate the cotton with this, print on a white or colour discharge (which serves 
both as a discharge and resist) cover print with a diazotised ice colour, steam for a short 
time, wash and soap. An example of this process of printing will perhaps demonstrate this 
more clearly: 

Slop-pad flannelette with the following : 

[3-Naphtol solution. 

IOV2 oz. or 420 grms. p-Naphtol 
3'/4 noggs. „ 740 „ caustic soda 36° Tw. 
5 pints „ 4000 cc. water 
IV4 pints „ 1000 grms. Turkey red oil 

3 oz. „ 120 „ Benzo Sky Blue dissolved in 
17 Va pints „ 14000 „ water. 

Instead of Benzo Sky Blue, Geranine G, Congo Orange G, Benzo Olive etc. can be used 
When dried the material is printed with the following: 

Yellow Discharge and Resist. 

2V2 galls, or 500 grms. White Discharge II see page 25 

V4 gall. „ 50 „ Extract of Persian berries 52° Tw. 

3 lbs. 2 oz. „ 50 „ citric acid powder 

15 oz. „ 15 „ tin crystals. 

and afterwards cover printed with the following: 

Ice Bordeaux. 

18 oz. or 72 grms. hydrochloride of a-Naphtyla- 

mine in paste 45 % 
IV2 pints „ 117 „ water 
IV2 noggs. „ 36 „ hydrochloric acid 36° Tw. 
30 oz. „ 120 „ ice, then add slowly 
f 2 7 /s oz. „ 11,4 „ nitrite dissolved in 
1 1 V2 noggs. „ 30 „ water, then filter and thicken 

with 
6V* pints „ 015 „ British gum water 600 : 1000, 

and finally add 
9 J /2 oz - » 37,5 „ acetate of soda. 

After cover printing steam for 5 mins. without pressure, wash, if necessary soap slightly 
in open state, wash and dry. 






Table 18. 



No. 2. 

Pluszanski recently published an interesting article on conversion effects on dyed 
Benzidine grounds, of which the following is an example : 

Dye which 2 % Brilliant Benzo Blue 6 B, dry, print with White Discharge, cover print 
with Aniline Black containing Rhodamine 6 G, steam for 2—5 mins. without pressure, wash 
and dry. 



2V4 pints 


or 


23 


2V 2 lbs. 


» 


20 


2 pints 


)i 


20 


1 lb. 


» 


9 


2V« noggs. 


n 


13 


8V2 pints 


)i 


34 


3 lbs. 


» 


24 


IV2 lbs. 


» 


12 


2Va lbs. 


i) 


20 


V2 pint 


1; 


5 



White Discharge. 

23 grms. mucilage of tragacanth 65 : 1000 

, tartaric acid powder 

,, water 

, carbonate of potash 

, caustic soda 96° Tw. 

, mucilage of tragacanth 65 : 1000 

, tin crystals 

„ soda 

„ acetate of soda 

, oil of turpentine. 



Aniline Black Cover Print. 

3 pints or 70 grms. Aniline Black 



Aniline Black Thickening. 

11 oz. or 22 grms. wheat starch 





thickening 


3'/ 2 lbs. „ 110 


n 


British gum 


2 oz. „ 2.1 „ 


Rhodamine 6 G 


53/4 pints ., 234 


i) 


water 


l'/s noggs. „ 7 „ 


glycerine 48° Tw. 


4V2 oz. „ 9 


w 


chlorate of soda 


| 1/2 pint „ 10 „ 


Aniline oil 


5Va pints „ 216 


11 


water 


(l3/ 4 noggs. „ 10 „ 


hydrochloric acid 

27° Tw. 


4V2 oz. „ 9 


» 


yellow prussiate of 
potash. 



If green or yellow conversion effects are desired when working with Aniline Black 
cover, then add to the black print colour in place of Rhodamine 6 G, Brilliant Green or 
Auramine II. 



56 



Cotton Printing. 

(Discharges with tin.) 



Table 18. 




Padded with: Beta-Xaphtol, Benzo Sky Blue; .Persian Berries 

as a discharge and resist ; cover printed with diazotised 

Alpha-Xaphtyl amine. 




Dyed with : Brilliant Benzo Bine 6 B ; 

Printed with: tin crystals discharge; 

cover printed with : Aniline Black with Rhoclamine 6 CJ. 

(Discharges with ozidising agents). 




Dyed with: 4% Benzo Blue BX; 
Discharged with : chromate of lead. 




Dyed with: 8% Diazo Black Kir V (Developer H) ; 
Discharged with : chromate of lead and Pigment Red. 





''■■.''.■■''■•' 





Dyed with: 2% Brilliant Benzo Blue OB; 
Discharged with: Pigment Red. 



FARBENFABRIKEN vorm. FRIEDR. BAYER & Co., ELBERFELD. 



Table 18. 



Although the Benzidine Dyestuffs are mostly discharged with reducing agents, a large 
number of them, according to Smirnoff & Rosenthal can be discharged with oxidising agents. 
The following Benzidine Dyestuffs are discharged by oxidising agents: 



Red Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Purpurine 4 B, 10 B 
Brilliant Congo G (good) 
*Brilliant Geranine B, 3 B (good) 
Brilliant Purpurine R (good) 
Congo 

Delta Purpurine 5 B (good) 
*Geranine G, BB (good) 
Rose Azurine G (good). 

Orange Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Orange R (yellow) 
Congo Orange G (yellow) 
Congo Orange R (yellow) 
Toluylene Orange G. 

Yellow Dyestuffs: 

Thiazole Yellow. 

Green Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Dark Green 
Benzo Green G, BB 
Benzo Olive. 

Blue Dyestuffs : 

Benzo Azurine G (good) 

Benzo Azurine 3 G (good) 

Benzo Black Blue G, R, 5 G 

Benzo Blue 2 B, 3 B, B X, RW 

Benzo Chrome Black Blue B 

Benzo Cyanine B (good) 

Benzo Cyanine 3 B, R 

Benzo Indigo Blue 

Benzo Navy Blue 

Benzo Sky Blue 

Brilliant Azurine B (good) 

Brilliant Azurine 5 G 

Brilliant Azurine 5 G (coppered) 

Brilliant Benzo Blue 6 B 

Brilliant Benzo Blue 6B (coppered) 

Chicago Blue B, R 

Diazo Black 3 B 

Diazo Black R, R extra (undiazotised). 

Diazo Blue (3-Naphtol) (yellowish) 

Diazo Blue Black (brownish) 



Violet Dyestuffs : 

Azo Violet 

Azo Violet (coppered) 
Benzo Violet R 
Heliotrope B B. 

Brown Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Black Brown (yellowish) 

Benzo Brown B, BR, B X, G, G G, N B, 

Benzo Brown N B X, R extra 

Benzo Brown 5 R (yellow) 

Benzo Chrome Brown B (brown) 

Benzo Chrome Brown B (coppered) (brown) 

Benzo Chrome Brown G 

Benzo Chrome Brown G (coppered) (brown) 

Benzo Chrome Brown R (brownish) 

Benzo Chrome Brown R (coppered) (brown- 

Benzo Dark Brown (yellowish) [ish) 

Congo Corinth G (good) 

Diazo Brown G (brown) 

Diazo Brown G (3-Naphtol) (brown) 

Diazo Brown R extra (diazotised. Soda) 

Direct Bronze Brown (yellow) 

Direct Fast Brown B 

Katigen Black Brown 

Mikado Brown B (yellow) 

Toluylene Brown B (good) 

Toluylene Brown B B O (good) 

Toluylene Brown M (good) 

Toluylene Brown R. 

Grey Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Fast Grey (middling) 
Benzo Fast Black (good) 
Benzo Grey S extra 
Diazo Blue Black (3-Naphtol) 
Direct Blue Black B 
Direct Deep Black T 
Pluto Black B, G, R. 

Black Dyestuffs (all brownish) : 
Diazo Black 3 B (3-Naphtol) 
Diazo Black B H N (Developer H) (fairly good) 
Diazo Black R (3-Naphtol) 
Diazo Black R extra (Developers A & H) 
Diazo Blue Black (3-Naphtol) 
Diazo Brilliant Black R, B (3-Naphtol) 
Direct Blue Black B (Paranitraniline) 
Direct Blue Black B, N 
Direct Deep Black T 
Pluto Black B, G, R. 



* These can be used with weak oxidising agents for colour discharging other dyestuffs, whereas 
they are themselves discharged by strong oxidising agents. 



58 



Table 18. 



No. 3. 

Dyed with : 4 % Benzo Blue B X. 

Discharged with: Yellow Discharge I. 



Yellow Discharge I. 

5V2 lbs. or 450 grms. chromate of lead in paste 

(Siegle) 
2Vs pints „ 300 „ white discharge 
2V2 pints .. 250 „ albumen water 2 : 1 
1000 grms. 

Boil: White Discharge. 

7 1 /* pints or 400 grms. chlorate of soda 76° Tw. 



6 lbs. 


» 


190 


i> 


China clay 


3 pints 


» 


120 


» 


water 


4 lbs. 


T) 


130 


1! 


British gum, and when 
luke warm add 


10 oz. 


» 


20 


» 


red prussiate of potash 


lVi lbs. 


1) 


40 


V 


citric acid powder 


2V2 pints 


l> 


100 
1000 


1) 

grms 


water 



No. 4. 

Dyed with : 8 % Diazo Black B H N. 

Diazotised with : 4 lbs. nitrite 

5V2 pints hydrochloric acid 30° Tw. 
200 galls, water 
Developed with: 4 lbs. Developer H. 
Discharged with: Yellow Discharge II and 
Red Discharge. 



Red Discharge. 

5V2 lbs. or 450 grms. Rouge vif. E. N. 

Fabrique chemique de 
Thann & de Mulhouse 
2V2 pints „ 300 „ White Discharge (as above) 

2V2 pints „ 250 Albumen water 2 : 1 

1000 grms. 

Yellow Discharge II. 

5V2 lbs. or 450 grms. chromate of lead in paste 

(Siegle) 
3 3 /d pints „ 450 „ White Discharge (please 

refer to No. 1) 
1 pint „ 100 ,- Albumen water 2 : 1 
1000 grms. 



Steam for V4 hour without pressure. 



No. 5. 

Dyed with : 2 °/o Brilliant Benzo Blue 6 B. 

Discharged with : Red Discharge as given in No. 4. 



59 



Mercerising. 



The following Benzidine Dyestuffs are suitable for mercerising purposes: 



Red Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Purpurine 10 B, 4 B 
Brilliant Congo G 
Brilliant Geranine B, 3 B 
Brilliant Purpurine R 
Congo Rubine 
Delta Purpurine 5 B 
Geranine G. 



Orange Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Orange R 
Chloramine Orange G 
Congo Orange G 
Mikado Orange 
Toluylene Orange G 

Yellow Dystuffs : 

Chloramine Yellow 
Chrysophenine 
Direct Yellow R 
Mikado Yellow G 
Thiazole Yellow. 
Yellow P R superfine 



Blue Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Black Blue G, 5 G 
Benzo Chrome Black Blue B 
Benzo C} r anine B, 3 B, R 
Benzo Sky Blue 
Brilliant Benzo Blue 6 B. 



Violet Dyestuffs : 

Azo Violet. 

Brown Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Brown B 

Benzo Chrome Brown B, G, R 

Chloramine Brown G 

Congo Corinth G 

Toluylene Brown B, M, R. 

Grey Dystuffs : 

Benzo Grey S extra 
Diazo Black B H N 
Direct Blue Black B 
Direct Deep Black T. 



60 



Table 19. 



Cotton Printing. 

(Mercerised Effects.) 



*# 






IW 






.a* 






Chloramine Yellow on Aniline Black. 



i t * « 

IT* 



Brilliant Benzo Blue 6 B. 




Geranine G on Auiliue Black. 



Ill 41 





v 









i n it 



^ 






ii ; li!iiil : !i;i!U:'-, 



* / !■ w 'iiiite 



raw 



mm 



Thiazola Yellow and Brilliant Benzo 
Blue 6 B on Aniline Black. 







* 



T* \ 








m 



ft A" 






Congo Orange G on Aniline Black. 









** 









V * 



* 



* 



*> " %. * 



^)F 



* 



Brilliant Benzo Blue 6B ou 
Auiliue Black. 



[ i 















I 



Geranine G. 



M 



m f W' Ifeili *$fta 




»•.■.? j 



Azo Violet on Aniline Black. 



*► 







*• 



^ 



>' 



V/ 



W ' 



Brilliant Purpiirine B on 
Aniline Black. 



; ;,^*»- 




Direct l»« . |. Black T. 



FARBENFABRIKEN vorm. FBIEDB. BATES ft Co., ELBERFELD. 

61 



Table 19. 



The Benzidine Dyestuffs are extremely suitable for mercerising purposes, especially 
those unaffected by alkalies, or such as are temporarily altered but whose shade returns when 
washed. 

The Benzidine Dyestuffs can be printed, as in patterns 1, 2, 4—8 and 10 in stripe patterns, 
the colour being dissolved in water and thickened with gum water, then dried, steamed for 
V4— V2 hour without pressure, then run through caustic soda 52° Tw., washed and dried; or 
as in Nos. 3 and 9 with any thickening desired, then dried, steamed and cover printed in 
stripes with gum water, and run through caustic soda. 

Directions for Printing. 

3 /4— 1 oz. or 5 — 7.5 grms. Benzidine colour dissolved in 
V2 pint „ 75 „ water, thickened with 
1 gallon „ 1500 „ gum water 1:1. 

Should the Benzidine colours not dissolve in the quality of water given, the solution is 
warmed up again with gum water; it is advisable to use only a good quality gum. 



No. 1. 
3 /4 oz. or 5 grms. Chloramine Yellow. 



No. 2. 



1 oz. or 7.5 grms. Geranine G. 



No. 3. 



1 oz. or 7.5 grms. Brilliant Benzo Blue 6 B. 



No. 4. 

IV2 oz. or 11.25 grms. Thiazole Yellow 
V2 oz. or 3.75 grms. Brilliant Benzo Blue 6B 

(iy 8 pints or 100 grms. water.) 



No. 5. 
1 oz. or 7.5 grms. Congo Orange G. 



No. 6. 

1 oz. or 7.5 grms. Azo Violet 
(2 ] /4 pints „ 200 „ water). 



No. 7. 

1 oz. or 7.5 grms. Brilliant Benzo Blue 6 B. 



No. 8. 

1 oz. or 7.5 grms. Brilliant Purpurine R. 



No. 9. 
1 oz. or 7.5 grms. Geranine G. 



No. 10. 
1 oz. or 7.5 grms. Direct Deep Black T. 



62 



Table 20. 



Printing on of thickened Caustic Soda. 



As is well-known the Benzidine Dyestuffs dye and exhaust better on mercerised than on 
ordinary cotton. If pieces are printed with caustic soda, and then dyed with substantive 
colours, the printed part, which is mercerised, is dyed much darker. Two-coloured effects 
are thus obtained by means of one dyestuff and one roller. These goods can naturally be 
discharged white or in colours, if dischargeable dyes have been employed; they can further 
be diazotised and developed, treated according to requirement with sulphate of copper, 
bichromate of potash, or diazotised paranitraniline, or topped with basic colours etc. etc. 

Directions. 

Print the cotton with: 

1 gallon or 1 litre caustic soda 106° Tw. thickened with 
1 li gallon „ 600 grms. gum water 1 : 1. 
Then dry, wash and dye as given on page 22 with Benzidine dyestuffs. 



No. 1. 
Dyed with : 

1.5% Brilliant Benzo Blue 6B. 

Discharged with : 

White Discharge II see page 25. 



No. 2. 
Dyed with : 

2% Benzo Brown NB. 



No. 3. 

Dyed with: 

5 % Direct Deep Black T. 



No. 4. 
Dyed with : 

2 % Benzo Violet R. 

Discharged with: 

0.5 % Brilliant Green 
2.5 % Auramine G 

25 % acetate of tin 28° Tw. 
7.5 % tannic acid 
2 % citric acid. 



No. 5. 

Dyed with: 

2 % Benzo Chrome Brown G 

and after-treated for '/■' hour 
with 3 % sulphate of copper and 
2 % bichromate of potash. 



No. 6. 

Dyed with : 

1% Brilliant Geranine B. 



63 



Table 20. 



No. 7. 
Dyed with : 

3 % Benzo Purpurine 4 B. 

Discharged with : 

9 % Extract of Persian berries 52° Tw. 
9.8 °/o tin crystals 
24.4 % acetate of tin 28° Tw. 
2.4 % citric acid. 



No. 8. 
Dyed with: 

3 % Benzo Nitrol Brown G 

developed with diazotised Paranitraniline. 



No. 9. 



Dyed with 



1 % Benzo Fast Black. 

Discharged with: 

3 % Rhodamine 6 G 

25 °/o acetate of tin 28° Tw. 
7.5 % tannic acid 
2 % citric acid. 



No. 10. 
Dyed with: 

3 % Congo Orange G. 



The white discharge patterns were steamed for 5 mins. without pressure and then 
washed. 

The colour discharge patterns printed with basic colours were steamed for 10 mins. 
without pressure, and were then run through a lukewarm tartar emetic bath and afterwards 
washed; the Persian Berry Yellow Discharge pattern was steamed for 10 mins. without pressure 
and afterwards washed. 



64 



Cotton Printing;. 

(Printed with thickened caustic soda). 



Table 20 




Dyed with : 1*5 % Brilliant fienzo Blue 6 B 
discharged with acetate of tin. 




Dyed with: 5% Direct Beep Black T. 




Dyed with: 2% Benjso Chrome Brown G, 
coppered and chromed. 




Dyed with: 8% Benzo Pnrpurine 4 B, 
discharged with Persian Berry Yellow. 




Dyed with: 1 '/„ Benzo Fast Black: 
discharged with: 8% Bhodamine 6G. 




Dyed with: 2% Benzo Brown M B. 




Dyed with: 2% Benzo Violet R; 

discharged with : Brilliant Green and 

Anramine G. 




Dyed -with: 1% Brilliant Geranine B. 




Dyed with : 3% Benzo Nitrol Brown G, 

developed with diazotised 

Paranitraniline. 




10 



Dyed with: 8% Congo Orange <J. 



FARBENFABRIKEN vorin. I'UIKDR. BAYER &, Co., ELBERFELD. 

65 



Table 21. 



Zinc White Printing 1 . 



Goods first dyed with Benzidine dyestuffs and afterwards printed can be employed in 
some cases for printing with zinc white, viscose, tungstate of soda (then run through chloride 
of barium solution [Opaline effects]) etc. 

Nos. 1—4 were printed with zinc white as follows: 



No. 1. 

Dyed with: 

1 % Benzo Sky Blue. 

Printed with: 

zinc white. 



No. 2. 

Dyed with: 

O'o % Brilliant Geranine B. 

Printed with: 

zinc white. 



No. 3. 

Dyed with: 

5 % Benzo Purpurine 4 B. 

Printed with: 

zinc white. 



No. 4. 
Dyed with: 

6 % Benzo Chrome Black Blue B. 

Printed with : 

zinc white. 



Zinc White Recipe. 

7 lbs. or 450 grms. zinc white 
72 pint „ 50 „ glycerine 48° Tw, 



*/« gallon „ 333 
S^noggs. „ 67 
3 3 A ,, „ 75 



2V: 



50 



egg albumen water 1 : 1 

water 

olive oil 

oil of turpentine. 



1025 grms. 



Steam for '/* hour without pressure. 

Nos. 5—10. 
Benzidine dyestuffs printed with zinc white, viscose etc. 






GO 



Cotton Printing. 

(Printed with zinc white, viscose etc.) 



Table 21. 




Dyed with: 1 °/ Benzo Sky Blue: 
Printed with: zinc white. 




Dyed with: 5% Benzo PurjMirine 4B; 
Printed with: zinc white. 







wr 



lo 



Benzo Sky Blue. 






7 



• • 






• • 



Cliloramine Yellow. 







Heliotrope B B. 




Dyed with: 0*5 °/ Brilliant Geranine B; 
Printed with: zinc white. 




Dyed with: 6% Benzo Chrome Black 
Blue B; Printed with: zinc white. 



m 


m 


I.-—. 


'* 


. ' ■ 





Heliotrope B B. 











- 


v 


• • 


il; : M 


'.'.■' 


• 


• 
• 

• 


• 
• 


• 
• 

• 
• 


• 


• 


• 
• 


• 
• 

• • 

• « 

• 


• . 










• 
• 


• 


• 










• 




. I 










* 


. 





Benzo Sky Blue. 





;Vsv;'.' 


♦ 


* 3F 


■-1.V 




• 




*•• • ' 




1 


d 











II) 



Cliloramine Vol low (shaded). 



FARBENFABRIKEN vorm. FRIEDR. BATES & <<>. ELBERFELD. 

G7 



Table 22. 



Linings. 



Cotton linings are often padded on the slop padding machine instead of dyeing in a 
beck or jig. 

Slop-pad and dry : 

No. 1. 

4 oz. or 22 grms. Benzo Chrome Brown B 

I oz. „ 5"5 „ Benzo Chrome Brown G 

3 /ig oz. „ 1 „ Chloramine Yellow 

9 oz. „ 50 „ phosphate of soda 



25 galls. 



22 litres water. 



No. 2. 



1\'2 OZ. 


or 6 


grms. 


Chloramine Yellow 




•/* oz. 


or 


V\» oz. 


„ 6 


n 


Benzo Chrome Brown B 




1 jt oz. 


)> 


Vis oz. 


„ 4-E 


> n 


Benzo Chrome Brown G 




5 oz. 


i; 


12 oz. 


„ 50 


» 


phosphate of soda 


13 1 /' 


i galls. 


» 


39 galls. 


„ 22 


litres 


water. 









No. 3. 

7*2 grms. Direct Deep Black G 
2'4 „ Benzo Chrome Brown G 



30 



phosphate of soda 



20"8 litres water. 



No. 4. 

s /s oz. or 3 grms. Chloramine Yellow 

% oz. „ 2 „ Benzo Chrome Brown B 

6 oz. „ 50 „ phosphate of soda 
19 Va galls. „ 22 litres water. 

No. 6. 



*/a OZ. 


or 


6 


grms. 


Chloramine Yellow 


] / 2 OZ. 


i> 


6 


n 


Benzo Chrome Brown B 


s /s OZ. 


» 


4", 


5 » 


Benzo Chrome Brown G 


'/* oz. 


» 


3 


» 


Direct Deep Black G 


4 oz. 


» 


50 


n 


phosphate of soda 


IV 1, galls. 


V 


22 


litres 


water. 



No. 5. 

1 oz. or 10 grms. Chloramine Yellow 
x /a oz. „ 5 „ Benzo Chrome Brown G 

5 oz. „ 50 „ phosphate of soda 

13 s /4 galls. „ 22 litres water. 



No. 7. 

10 oz. or 40 grms. Chloramine Yellow 
15 oz. „ 60 „ Benzo Chrome Brown B 
5 oz. ,, 20 „ Benzo Chrome Brown G 
3 oz. „ 12 „ Direct Deep Black G 

5 oz. „ 20 » phosphate of soda 
31'/+ galls. „ 20 litres water. 






Indigo padded with: 



2 lbs. or 



No. 1. 
1 kilo Chloramine Yellow 



3\'.. oz. 
20 galls. 



„ 100 grms. phosphate of soda 
„ 100 litres water. 



No. 2. 

4 lbs. or 2 kilos Brilliant Geranine B 

3 1 /* oz. „ 100 grms. common salt 
20 galls. ,, 100 litres water. 



G3 



Cotton Printing. 

(Slop-padded linings). 



Table 22. 




JBenzo Chrome Brown B, Benzo Chrome 
Brown G, Chloramine Yellow. 



Chloramine Yellow. Benzo Chrome 
Brown B, Benzo Chrome Brown G. 



Direct Beep Black O, 
Benzo Chrome Brown G. 






Chloramine Yellow, 
Benzo Chrome Brown G. 



Chloramine Yellow, 
Benzo Chrome Brown G. 





Chloramine Yellow, Benzo Chrome 

Brown B. Benzo Chrome Brown G, 

Direct Deep Black G. 



Chloramine Yellow, Direct Deep Black G, 
Benzo Chrome Brown B, 
Benzo Chrome Brown G. 



(Indigo padded). 




Discharged IndiKo padded with 
Chloramine Yellow. 




l>is4'hurK<'<l ImliKO padded with 
Brilliant Gcraiiine B. 



FAEBENFABRIKEN vovm. PRIEDB. BAYER & Co., ELBERFELD. 

69 



The following Benzidine dyestuffs are unaffected by acid (when spotted with 
acetic acid). 



Red Dyestuffs : 

Benzo Purpurine i B (slightly affected) 

Brilliant Congo (scarcely affected) 

Brilliant Geranine B, 3B 

Delta Purpurine 5B, 7B (slightly affected) 

Geranine G, BB 

Red PR 

Rose Azurine B, G (slightly affected) 



Orange Dyestuffs: 

Chloramine Orange G (scarcely affected) 
Congo Orange R, G 
Mikado Orange 
Toluylene Orange G 



Yellow Dyestuffs : 

Chloramine Yellow 
Chrysamine 
Chrysophenine 
Direct Yellow R 
Mikado Yellow 
Yellow PR 



Green Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Green B B, G, 

Benzo Olive (scarcely affected) 



Blue Dyestuffs : 
Benzo Azurine G, 3G 
Benzo Blue RW, BX, 2B, 3B 
Benzo Chrome Black Blue B 
Benzo Cyanine B, 3B, R 
Benzo Indigo Blue 
Beazo Navy Blue B 
Benzo Sky Blue 
Benzo Black Blue G, 5G, R 
Brilliant Azurine B, 5G 
Brilliant Benzo Blue 6B 
Diazo Blue, 3R (p-Naphtol) 
Diazo Blue Black 
Diazo Indigo Blue (3-Naphtol) (scarcely 

effected) 
Diazo Black B, R, R extra 

Violet Dyestuffs: 

Azo Violet (coppered) 
Benzo Violet R 
Diazo Violet (g-Naphtol) 
Heliotrope BB 

Brown Dyestuffs: 
Benzo Brown B, BR, BX 
Benzo Nitrol Brown G, 2R (Paranitraniline) 
Benzo Black Brown 
Chloramine Brown G 
Diazo Brown G 
Diazo Brown G (3-Naphtol) 
Mikado Brown B 
Toluylene Brown B 



Grey Dyestuffs: 
Benzo Fast Grey (scarcely affected) 
Benzo Fast Black 
Diazo Blue Black (3-Naphtol) 
Direct Blue Black B 
Direct Deep Black T 
Pluto Black B, R, G 

Black Dyestuffs : 

Benzo Chrome Black N 
Diazo Black 3B (3-Naphtol) R extra 
(Developer A & H) 
Direct Blue Black B, N 

Direct Deep Black G, R, T, RW, E, E extra 
Pluto Black B, G, R. 



70 



Cotton Printing'. 

(Finishing). 



Table 23. 




Dyed with: Alizarine i:« <l SXX 20%; finished with: Chrysamine G. 



FARBENFABRIKEN varm. FEIEDR. BAYER & ('»., ELBERFELD. 

71 






The following Benzidine dyestuffs are unaffected by alkalies (when spotted with am- 
monia etc.): 



Red Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Purpurine iB, 4 B, 6 B, 10 B 

Brilliant Congo G, R 

Brilliant Geranine B, 3 B 

Brilliant Purpurine R 

Congo Red 

Delta Purpurine 5 B 

Geranine G 

Red PR 

Pose Azurine G. 

Orange Dyestuffs: 

Chloramine Orange G 
Congo Orange G, R 
Mikado Orange G 
Toluylene Orange G. 

Yellow Dyestuffs : 
Chloramine Yellow 
Chrysophenine 
Direct Yellow R 
Mikado Yellow G 
Yellow PR. 

Green Dyestuffs: 
Benzo Green G, B B. 

Blue Dyestuffs: 
Benzo Blue B X, 2 B, 3 B, RW 
Benzo Chrome Black Blue B 
Benzo Cyanine B, 2 B, 3 B, R 
Benzo Indigo Blue 
Benzo Navy Blue B 
Benzo Sky Blue 
Benzo Black Blue G, 5 G, R 
Brilliant Benzo Blue 6B 
Chicago Blue B, R 
Diazo Blue Black 
Diazo Dark Blue 3B (p-Naphtol) 
Diazo Black B, R, R extra. 



Violet Dyestuffs: 

Diazo Violet (p-Naphtol) 
Heliotrope. 



Brown Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Brown B, G, 5R 

Benzo Chrome Brown R 

Benzo Nitrol Brown G (Paranitraniline) 

Benzo Black Brown 

Chloramine Brown G 

Congo Corinth G 

Congo Rubin e 

Diazo Brown G 

Diazo Brown R extra (diazotised and 

developed with soda) 
Direct Bronce Brown 
Direct Fast Brown B, G G 
Mikado Brown B 
Toluylene Brown B, BBO, M, R. 

Grey Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Fast Black 
Pluto Black G. 



Black Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Fast Black 

Benzo Black S extra 

Diazo Blue Black (p-Naphtol) 

Diazo Brilliant Black (p-Naphtol) 

Diazo Black B, R, R extra, 3 B, B H N 

(p-Naphtol) 
Direct Blue Black B, N 
Direct Deep Black G, R, T, E, E extra 
Pluto Black B, G, R. 









72 



• * 



Cotton Printing-. 

(Finishing). 



Table 24. 



• * « 






• # rV* • 



• • ■■• ♦ 



• • 



• • 



J^kT" 






• * 



#• 



* • • ♦ • <• 
• „• •• • 

,. ..* at • . . 



-**>"."?.••. %*v- •.-.** . 



.• •• 



« • 









> < 



• '*•.*••'*:.'*; 



• •, 



} 



> •■• fc tf *• •''•■ % / * * * % ** * r *• 

• • • ■ •• * •• ' .« 

*■ . . . .« «.^ . . . •• ;** . • • ' *. : * * 

• .. ii ; • v 7k •* ' - ?k • " ? 

• ••' 7k ♦'* v 7k "* * 7* *"* - > 

h . . . * • *• • • %*.♦*• • • \ ' V '• * * & 
" . '•• ,, ' • •♦ „ • •• »« 







ftVA^**?* 1 **'** 



Printed with Steam Colours: finished with Chrysamiiic <>. 

FARBENFABRIKEN vor.n. FEIEDR. BAYER & Co., ELBERFELD. 

73 



The following Benzidine Dyestuffs are unchanged when ironed. 



Red Dyestuffs : 

Benzo Purpurine 4B 
Geranine G, BB 
Red PR. 

Orange Dyestuffs: 

Chloramine Orange G 
Congo Orange R, G 
Mikado Orange G 
Toluylene Orange G. 

Yellow Dyestuffs: 

Chloramine Yellow 
Chrysophenine. 

Green Dyestuffs : 

Benzo Olive. 

Blue Dyestuffs : 
Benzo Blue 3 B, R W 
Benzo Chrome Black Blue B 
Benzo Cyanine B, 3 B, R 
Benzo Indigo Blue 
Benzo Sky Blue 
Benzo Black Blue 5 G 
Brilliant Azurine 5 G 
Brilliant Benzo Blue 6B 
Chicago Blue B, R 
Diazo Blue Black 
Diazo Dark Blue 3B (J3-Naphtol) 
Diazo Indigo Blue (3-Naphtol) 
Diazo Black B, R, R extra. 



Brown Dyestuffs : 

Benzo Brown B, BR,BX, G, GG, R extra, 5 R 

Benzo Nitrol Brown (Paranitraniline) 

Benzo Black Brown 

Chloramine Brown G 

Diazo Brown G 

Diazo Brown G (3-Naphtol) Paranitraniline) 

Mikado Brown B. 



Grey Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Fast Grey 
Benzo Fast Black. 



Black Dyestuffs : 

Benzo Chrome Black N 

Benzo Fast Black 

Diazo Blue Black (p-Naphtol) 

Diazo Brilliant Black (3-Naphtol) 

Diazo Black B, 3 B, B H N, R, R extra 

(3-Naphtol) 
Direct Blue Black B, N 
Direct Deep Black T, E 
Plufo Black B, G, R. 



74 






The following Benzidine Dyestuffs are fast to chlorine: 

Red Dyestuffs: 

Brilliant Geranine B ; 3B (middling) 
Geranine G, B B (middling) 

Orange Dyestuffs : 

Chloramine Orange G 

Congo Orange G, R (to a certain extent) 

Mikado Orange G. 

Yellow Dyestuffs: 

Chloramine Yellow 
Chrysophenine 
Direct Yellow R 
Mikado Yellow G. 

Brown Dyestuffs: 
Chloramine Brown G. 



7:, 



Of the Benzidine Dyestuffs the following are the fastest to light : 



Red Dyestuffs: 

Brilliant Geranine B, 3 B 
Geranine G, B B. 



Orange Dyestuffs : 

Chloramine Orange G 
Mikado Orange. 



Yellow Dyestuffs: 

Chloramine Yellow 
Chrysamine 
Chrjrsophenine 
Mikado Yellow. 

Green Dyestuffs : 

Benzo Olive. 



Blue Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Azurine G, 3 G, R (coppered) 

Benzo Blue RW (coppered) 

Benzo Chrome Black Blue B 

Benzo Indigo Blue 

Benzo Black Blue G, 5 G, R 

Benzo Navy Blue B 

Brilliant Azurine 5 G (coppered) 

Brilliant Benzo Blue 6B (coppered). 

Brown Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Chrome Brown (chromed and coppered) 
Chloramine Brown G. 

Grey Dyestuffs : 

Benzo Fast Black. 



70 



Of the Benzidine Dyestuffs the following are suitable for cotton yarn printing: 



Red Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Purpurine 4 B 
Geranine G. 



Orange Dyestuffs 

Benzo Orange R. 
f 

Yellow Dyestuffs: 

Chloramine Yellow. 



Blue Dyestuffs : 

Benzo Blue 
Benzo Sky Blue. 



77 






Table 25. 



Direct Yarn Printing. 



No. 1. No. 2. 

Boil: Blue - Boil: Red - 

6 oz. or 30 grms. Benzo Sky Blue 4 oz. or 20 grms. Geranine G 

3 3 /4 lbs. „ 300 „ British gum and 37* lbs. „ 300 „ British gum and 

6 3 ji pints „ 670 „ w ater 6 3 /i pints „ 680 „ water 

1000 grms. 1000 grms. 

Steam for 1 hour without pressure. 



Discharge Printing With Tin On Yarn. " 

The Benzidine colours when dyed on cotton yarn can be discharged white or coloured 
with tin in exactly the same way as when dyed on piece goods. (See page 24 — 37.) 



B oi l : Tin Crystals Discharge. 

5/ 1 * pints or 420 grms. water 

3 U lb. „ 50 „ wheat strarch 
3 1 /* pints „ 300 „ acetate of tin 32° Tw. 
Vji pints „ 180 „ gum water 1 : 1 

5 oz. „ 20 ,, tin crystals, and when cold 

add 
7 '/a oz. „ 30 „ citric acid 
1000 grms. 

Steam for 2 — 5 mins. without pressure, wash and dry, 








Cotton Yarn Printing. 

(Direct Printing). 



Table 25. 




Printed with: 3% Benzo Sky Blue. Printed with: 2% Geranine O. 

(Discharge Printing with tin.) 




Dyed with: 3% Congo Orange G; 
discharged with: tin crystals discbarge. 




Dyed with : 4 % Benzo Purpurine 4 B ; 
discharged with : tin crystals discharge. 




FxmI Avith: 5% Benzo Violet 
discharged with : tin crystals discharge. 




Dyed with : l°/„ Benzo Fast Brack ; 
discharged with: tin crystals discharge. 




(lisolinrfred with: tin crystal* discharge. 



IAI.T.I/ "'»•• NIIBDR. RAYKIi A ('.,. ELRKHKEM). 

,.Ji. 

• * 79 



Table 2&. 



Colour Discharge Printing With Tin. 



No. 1. 
Dyed with: 6% Benzo Chrome Black Blue B 
4 % Auramine G 

method same as in No. 6. 



Discharged with 



No. 2. 

Dyed with : 3 % Benzo Chrome Brown G 
Discharged with : 1 % Methyl Violet 6 B 

method same as in No. 0. 



No. 3. 

Dyed with : 4 % Benzo Blue B X 
Discharged with : 3 % Rhodamine 6 G. 



Red Discharge. 

6 oz. or 30 grins. Rhodamine 6 G 



3 pints 
2 J /2 pints 
1 pint 



3,/a noggs. 
I7.2 pints 



290 „ water 

300 „ acetic acid 9° Tw. (30%) 

100 „ mucilage of tragacanth 

65 : 1000 
100 „ acetate of tin 32° Tw. 
180 „ acetic acid tannic acid 

solution 1 : 1 



No. 4. 

Dyed with : 2 % Brilliant Benzo Blue 6 B 
Discharged with : 3 % Auramine II. 



Yellow Discharge. 



6 oz. or 



3 pints 
2 '/a pints 
1 pint 



3 ] /2 noggs. 
Vj* pints 



30 grms. Auramine II 



290 
o.nc\ 



water 
„ acetic acid 9° Tw. (30%; 
100 „ mucilage of tragacanth 

,65 : 1000 
100 „ acetate of tin 32° Tw. 
180 „ acetic acid tannic acid 
solution 1 : 1 



1000 grms. 



1U00 grms. 



No. 5. 

Dyed with: 8% Pluto Black B 
Discharged with : 4 % Auramine G 
method same as in No. 6. 



No. 0. 

Dyed with : 3 % Benzo Chrome Brown B 
Discharged with : 0,5 % Brilliant Green crystals 
2,5 % Auramine G. 

Green Discharge. 

[ 1 oz. or 5 grms. Brilliant Green crystals 



1 5 oz. 


j) 


25 


11 


Auramine G 


1272 pints 


» 


2S0 


)) 


water 


[272 pints 


V 


300 


i) 


acetic acid 9° Tw. (30%) 


1 pint 


I) 


100 


11 


mucilage of tragacanth 
65 : 1000 


37= noggs. 


>l 


100 


11 


acetate of tin 32° Tw. 


2 oz. 


n 


10 


n 


tin crystals 


172 pints 


» 


ISO 

l(HK) 


grms. 


acetic acid tannic acid 
solution 1 : 1 



Steam for 2 — 5 mins. without pressure, run through a cold bath of tartar emetic, wash and dry. 



so 



. 



II. 



Table 26. 



Cotton Yarn Printing. 

(Colour discharges with tin.) 




Dyed with: 6 °/ Benzo Chronic Black Blue B; Djred with: 3% Benzo Chrome Brown G; 
Discharged with: 4% Auramine G. Discharged with: 1% Methyl-Violet 6B. 




Dyed with: 4% Benzo Bine BX; 
Discharged with: .3% Khodamine GG. 



Dyed with: 2% Brilliant Benzo Blue 6B; 
Discharged with : 3 % Auramine II. 




Dyed with: 8% Pluto Black B; 
Discharged with: 4% Auramine G. 



Dyed with: 3% Benzo Chrome Brown B: 

Discharged with : y 2 % Brilliant Green 

crystals and 2V2°/ Auramine G. 



(Printing with caustic soda and afterwards dyeing). 




^Printed with: Caustic Soda; 
Dyed with: 2% Benzo Green G 



inted with: Caustic Soda; 
Dyed with : 3% Brilliant Benzo Blue 6B. 




Kl 



Printed with: Caustic 
Dyed with: 3 "\, Benzo Pnrpttrlne 4B 



Printed with: Caustic. Soda; 
Dyed with: 2% Brilliant Gcraiiiiic B. 



FARBENFABRIKEN vorm. FRlEDR. BAYER &. Co. ELBERFELD. 



Table 26. 



Printing Caustic Soda on Cotton Yarn. 



By printing caustic soda on cotton yarn and then dyeing with Benzidine Colours similar 
effects as on cotton pieces (see page 63) are obtained since the mercerised cotton dyes darker 
than the part not printed. 
Print with: 

8 '/* pints or 1000 grms. Caustic soda 106'4r° Tw. thickened with 
1 pint „ 100 „ gum water 1:1, 
dry, wash in running water and dye as mentioned on page 63. 



No. 7. No. 8. 

2 % Benzo Green G. 2 % Brilliant Benzo Blue 6 B. 



No. 9. No. 10. 

3 % Benzo Purpurine 4 B. 2 % Brilliant Geranine B. 



82 



Wool Printing. 



The following Benzidine Colours can be printed on wool stuffs and yarns: 

Red Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Purpurine i B 
Brilliant Geranine B ; 3 B 
Delta Purpurine 5 B 
Geranine G 
Rose Azurine B. 

Orange Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Orange R 
Congo Orange G. 

Yellow Dyestuffs: 

Chloramine Yellow 
Chrysophenine. 

Blue Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Azurine G 
Benzo Blue 2 B, 3 B 
Benzo Sky Blue. 

Brown Dyestuffs: 
Heliotrope B B (Bordeaux). 



83 






Table 27. 



Wool Stuff Printing. 



The Benzidine Dyestuffs are also adapted for printing chlorinated wool stuffs. 



No. 1. 



Boil 



4 oz. or 20 grms. Geranine G 
3% lbs. „ 300 „ British gum 
6% pints „ 660 „ water, and then add 
4 oz. „ 20 „ phosphate of potash 
1000 grms. 



No. 2. 

4 oz. or 20 grms. Benzo Orange R 

the other components same as in No. 1. 



No. 3. 

4 oz. or 20 grms. Benzo Sky Blue 

the other components same as in No. 1. 



No. 4. 

4 oz. or 20 grms. Benzo Purpurine 4B 
the other components same as in No. 1. 



Steam for 1 hour without pressure, wash and dry. 



84 



Table 27. 



Wool Printing. 

(Wool stuff.) 



f 



* 

* 



i 



# 






* 



■1 

t 



» 

II 

4 

% 

r 



* j 



I 



Wool printed with : 3% Geranine G. 



I 11 I it 

mi .5 & 



Wool printed with : 
3% Benzo Sky Blue. 



(Wool Yarn Printing.) 




Printed with: 3% Congo Orange (i. 



^f: 









" v 



■ 



Printed with: 3',,, Chrysophenine. 






K^fl ^ife* 







I'rintcd with: 8% CJeranlne <». 



V 
% 



s 
s 
s 
s 



% 
\ 

% 
% 
s 



Wool printed with: 3°/ Benzo Orange B. 



Wool printed with: 
3% Benzo Purpurine 4B. 



(Slubbing Printing.) 




FARBENFABRIKEN voini. FRIEDR. BAYER & Co., ELBERFELD. 



Table 27. 



Wool Yarn Printing. 



Print the colour on chlorinated wool yarn, steam moist for 1 hour without pressure, 
wash and dry. 



No. 1. 

6 oz. or 30 grms. Congo Orange G 

V* gallon „ 200 „ water 
7 1 /* pints „ 750 „ flour thickening 
1 noggin „ 20 „ acetic acid 9° Tw. 
1000 grms. [(30 %>) 



No. 2. 

6 oz. or 30 grms. Chrysophenine 
'/* gallon „ 200 „ water 
7 x /a pints „ 750 „ flour thickening 
1 noggin „ 20 „ acetic acid 9° Tw. 
1000 grms. [(30 %) 



No. 3. 



6 oz. 


or 30 


grms. 


Geranine G 


l k gallon 


„ 200 


» 


water 


7 'k pints 


„ 750 


1! 


flour thickening 


1 noggin 


„ 20 


» 


acetic acid 9° Tw. 




1000 


grms. 


[(30 %) 



Flour Thickening. 

10 lbs. or 100 grms. flour 



9'/« gallons „ 950 



water. 



Table 27. 



Slnlbbing Printing. 

The Benzidine Dyestuffs have found considerable application in slubbing printing. 



Boil 



No. 1. 
Benzo Purpurine 4 B. 



10 oz. or 50 grms. Benzo Purpurine 4B 

3 3 /4 lbs. „ 300 „ British gum 

6 '/a pints „ 650 „ water 

1000 grms. 



No. 2. 
Boil . Chrysophenine. 

6 oz. or 30 grms. Chrysophenine 

3 3; 4 lbs. 



6 3 /i pints 



300 
670 



British gum and 
water 



1000 grms. 



Boil 



No. 3. 
Brilliant Sulphon Azurine R. 

6 oz. or 30 grms. Brilliant Sulphon Azurine R 

in paste 

3 8 /4 lbs. „ 3C0 „ British gum and 
5 8 M pints „ 570 „ water, and then add 
1 pint „ 10 , acetate of ammonia 
1000 grms. 



86 



The following Benzidine Dyestuffs are adapted for slubbing printing 



Red Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Purpurine 4 B 
Brilliant Congo R 
Brilliant Geranine B 
Delta Purpurine 5 B 
Geranine G, B B. 



Yellow Dyestuffs: 

Chloramine Yellow 
Chrysophenine 
Curcumine W, S. 

Green Dyestuffs: 
Benzo Green G. 

Blue Dyestuffs : 

Brilliant Sulphon Azurine R 
Sulphon Azurine D. 

Brown Dyestuffs: 

Chloramine Brown G. 






87 



Table 23. 



No. 4. 



Boil: 


r>riii 


Ullll 


vjeraiiiiie jd. 


6 oz. 


or 30 


grms. 


Brilliant Geranine B 


3 3 /4 lbs. 


„ 300 


» 


British gum and 


4 8 /* pints 


i, 470 


» 


water and add 


5 /s pint 


„ 70 


H 


acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 %) 


f 6 oz. 


„ 30 


1) 


chrome alum dissolved in 


\ 1 pint 


„ 100 


n 


water 




1000 


grms. 





Boil 



No. 5. 
Benzo Green G. 



10 oz. or 50 grms. Benzo Green G 
3 lbs. 2 oz. „ 250 „ British gum and 
6 pints „ GOO „ water, and add 
1 pint „ 100 „ acetate of ammonia 
1000 grms. 



No. 6. 
Boil- Chloramine Brown G. 

8 oz. or 40 grms. Chloramine Brown G 

3 s /4 lbs. „ 300 „ British gum and 

5 7 /s pints „ 590 „ water, then add 

5 /s pint „ 70 „ acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 °/o) 

1000 grms. 

No. 8. 

Boil- Brilliant Congo R. 

10 oz. or 50 grms. Brilliant Congo R 

3 3 /* lbs. „ 300 „ British gum and 
6 '/a pints „ 650 „ water 





1000 grms. 




No. 10. 


Boil : 


Curcumine S. 


12 oz. 


or 60 grms. Curcumine S 


-8 3 /4 lbs. 


„ 300 „ British gum and 


5 3 /4 pints 


„ 580 „ water, then add 


*/a pint 


„ 60 „ acetic acid 9° Tw 




1000 grms. 



(30 %) 



JS*q, 12. 
Boil . Congo Orange G. 

6 oz. or 30 grms. Congo Orange G 



3 v, lbs. 
6 pints 
r 7s pint „ 



„ 300 
„ 600 







1000 grms. 



British gum and 
water, then add 
acetic acid 9° Tw. (3,0 °/o) 



Boil: 



No. 7. 
Chloramine Yellow. 



8 oz. or 40 grms. Chloramine Yellow 
3 3, 4 lbs. „ 300 „ British gum and 
6 pints „ 600 „ water, then add 
\' 2 pint „ 60 „ ac etic acid 9° Tw. (30%) 



1000 grms. 



Boil: 



No. 9. 
Sulphon Azurine D. 



10 oz. or 50 grms. Sulphon Azurine D 

3 3, 4 lbs. „ 300 „ British gum and 
5 7* pints „ 550 



1 pint 



100 



water, and then add 
acetate of ammonia 



1000 grms. 



Boil: 



No. 11. 
Geranine G. 



6 oz. 


or 30 


grms. 


Geranine G 


3 3 /4 lbs. 


„ 300 


a 


British gum and 


s /* pints 


„ 470 


t» 


water, then add 


5 /s pint 


„ 70 


)i 


acetic acid 9° Tw. (30%) 
and when cold add 


6 oz. 


„ 30 


» 


chrome alum dissolved in 


1 pint 


„ 100 


» 


water 




1000 


grms. 





Boil: 

8 oz. 

3 3 /* lbs. 

6 pints 

'/a pint 



No. 13. 
Curcumine W. 

or 40 grms. Curcumine W 

„ 300 „ British gum and 

„ 600 ., water, then add 

„ 60 „ acetic acid 9° Tw, 






1000 grms. 



After printing the goods are steamed for 1 hour without pressure, washed and dried. 



ss 



Table 28. 



10 



12 




Wool Printing". 

(Slubbing Printing.) 



Cnrciimine s 





11 



13 



FARBENFABRIKEN vorm. FRIEDR. BAYER & Co., ELBERFELD. 

89 



Table 29. 



Half Wool Printing. 



(Wool and cotton) 



The following Benzidine Dyestuffs are adapted for printing half wool: 



Red Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Purpurine 4 B 
Brilliant Geranine B. 

Orange Dyestuffs: 

Congo Orange G. 

Yellow Dyestuffs : 

Chrysophenine. 

Blue Dyestuffs : 

Benzo Sky Blue. 

Brown Dyestuffs: 

Toluylene Brown. 



No. 1. No. 2. 

Boil: Boil: 

4 oz. or 20 grms. Brilliant Geranine B The same as No. 1 but with 

o 3 /* lbs. „ 300 „ British gum and 4 oz. or 20 grms. Congo Orange G. 

6^2 pints „ 660 ,. water, and then add 

4 oz. „ 20 ,. borax 

1000 grms. 

Steam for 1 hour without pressure, wash and dry. 



90 






Table 29. 



I 



Half Wool Printing. 



II 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


ll 




2"„ Brilliant Gerauiue B. 



2% Congo Orange O. 



Half Wool Dyeing. 

(Discharge Printing). 
Wool and mercerised Cotton. 



.^ 




• 
• 








MA M 
• 

• 


Hflfl 
■I 


1 ■' . 

• 


• 
• 


• 
• 


^ 

t 


t 
















* 




■"s-''*.!{ 



, fVffe t-5 . :{: : : : fea Mil 



Dyed witb: 0-1 % Congo Orange It; 
Discharged with: 2% Rhodnliue Violet. 



Dyed with: 0*15% Geranine ©; 

Discharged with : 
1-5 o/ JJew Methylene Blue 3R. 




Dyed with: 0*1 % Brilliant Benzo Bine 

6B and 003% Alkali Blue 6B; 
Discharged with: 4% Khodamine 6 G. 




Dyed with: 0-1 °/„ Chrysophenine ; 
Discharged with : 3 " .. Bhoduline Violet. 




Half wool dyed with: 

(i "/„ Direct Deep Black O, 

l°/ Sulphon Cyanlne O IC extra, 

Vu% Sulphon Blue Black, - 

Discharged with: 6% Bhodamine 6 

and o-s" , Aiiramine II. 



Half wool dyed with: 

2",, ltiii/,o Chrome Brown B, 

0-4 "/., Benzo Chrome Brown O ; 

Discharged with: 

1-5 °/„ Brilliant Green crystals and 

1*5% An i a in i ii<- O. 



FARBENFABRIKEN vorm. FRIEDR. BAYER & Co., ELItERFELD. 

91 



Half Wool Dyeing. 



The Benzidine Colours are very suitable for the dyeing of half wool, and if discharge- 
able Benzidine Dyestuffs be used useful discharge effects can be obtained. 

The affinity of the Benzidine dyestuffs to both fibres is indicated in a general way in 
the following tables, but it is to be noted that the temperature of the dye bath, volume of 
water etc. are important factors in dyeing. 

1. The following colours dye cotton and wool equally (or almost equally) i. e. in similar 
shade and strength: 

Benzo Purpurine 4 B, 10 B. Congo Red. Hessian Purple N. — Benzo Orange R. 
Congo Orange R. Orange TA. Toluylene Orange G. — Thiazol Yellow. — Benzo 
Green G. — Benzo Azurine G, 3 G. Benzo Blue 2 B, 3 B, B X, RW. Benzo Cyanine B. 
Chicago Blue B. Diazo Blue Black. Diazo Black B, R. — Benzo Brown N B X. Benzo 
Chrome Brown B, G, R, 3R. Benzo Dark Brown. Benzo Black Brown. Congo 
Corinth G. Direct Fast Brown B. Toluylene Brown R, M, B. — Direct Blue Black 
B, N. Direct Deep Black G, R. Pluto Black G. 

2. The following colours dye the wool darker, but in the same or almost the same shade 
as the cotton: 

Brilliant Geranine 3 B. Delta Purpurine 5 B. Geranine G. Hessian Purple B. — 
Chrysamine G, R. Chrysophenine. — Benzo Dark Green. — Diazo Red Blue. Brilliant 
Benzo Blue 6 B. — Congo Rubine. 

3. The following colours dye the cotton darker but in the same or almost the same shade 
as the wool : 

Chloramine Orange. — Chloramine Yellow. Curcumine S. Direct Yellow R. 
Mikado Yellow. — Brilliant Azurine B. Benzo Chrome Black Blue B. Benzo Sky Blue. 
Chicago Blue R. - Diazo Black B H N. 

4. The following colours dye the cotton and the wool very different shades: 

Benzo Olive. - Benzo Black Blue G, R. — Benzo Brown N B R. 

5. The following colours are adapted for shading the wool, as they dye well in a neutral bath : 

Cochineal Scarlet. P S. Croceine Scarlet 3 B. Brilliant Croceine 3 B. — Orange 
G T. - Indian Yellow G. — Acid Green 3 B. - New Victoria Blue B. Lazuline Blue R. 
Sulphon Cyanine. — Alkali Violet R. Acid Violet H W. — Sulphon Black. Sulphon 
Blue Black. 



92 



Table 29. 



Half Wool Discharge Printing. 



The Benzidine dyestuffs are of considerable importance for half wool dyeing. 



No. 3. 

Dyed with: 
O'l % Congo Orange R 

20% Glauber's salt. 

Discharged with: 
4 oz. or 20 grms. Rhoduline Violet 



14 oz. 


n 


70 


V 


wheat starch 


7* gallon 


» 


220 


» 


gum water 1 : 1 


V* gallon 


» 


200 


II 


water 


2 1 /* pints 


V 


250 


1) 


acetic acid 9° Tw. (30%) 


7s pint 


n 


100 


II 


acetate of tin 32° Tw. 


/ 12 oz. 


n 


GO 


II 


tannic acid dissolved in 


<27i noggs. 


» 


60 


II 


acetic acid 9° Tw. (30%) 


4 oz. 


» 


20 


11 


citric acid 


1000 


grms. 





No. 4. 
Dyed with: 
045 % Geranine G 

20% Glauber's salt. 

Discharged with: 
o oz. or 15 grms. New Methylene Blue 3 R 



14 oz. 


n 


70 


n 


wheat starch 


74 gallon 


n 


220 


n 


gum water 1 : 1 


272 pints 


n 


255 


» 


water 


74 gallon 


n 


200 


» 


acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 %) 


7s pint 


11 


100 


» 


acetate of tin 32° Tw. 


12 oz. 


n 


60 


» 


tannic acid dissolved in 


2 72 noggs. 


» 


60 


» 


acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 %) 


4 oz, 


II 


20 
1000 


grms. 


citric acid 



No. 5. 

Dyed with : 
01 % Brilliant Benzo Blue 6 B 
0-03 % Alkali Blue 6 B 

20 % Glauber's salt. 

Discharged with : 
8 oz. or 40 grms. Rhodamine 6 G 



14 oz. 


» 


70 


n 


wheat starch 


7* gallon 


1? 


220 


>i 


gum water 1 : 1 


2', '2 pints 


n 


250 


a 


water 


17« pints 


11 


130 


M 


acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 %) 


17< pints 


n 


150 


II 


acetate of tin 32° Tw. 


j 12 oz. 


M 


60 


n 


tannic acid dissolved in 


\2 "2 noggs. 


II 


CO 


11 


acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 %) 


4 oz. 


11 


20 


11 

grms. 


citric acid 



No. 6. 

Dyed with : 
O'l % Chrysophenine 

30 % Glauber's salt. 



Discharged with : 



6 oz. 


or 


30 


grms. 


Rhoduline Violet 


14 oz. 


M 


70 


11 


wheat starch 


74 gallon 


J' 


220 


r 


gum water 1 : 1 


1 pint 


II 


100 


II 


water 


2 7a pints 


II 


260 


II 


acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 %) 


17* pints 


1! 


150 


II 


acetate of tin 32° Tw. 


15 oz. 


II 


75 


II 


tannic acid dissolved in 


3 noggs. 


II 


75 


H 


acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 %) 


4 oz. 


II 


20 


» 


citric acid 



1000 grms. 



'.1:; 



Table 29. 



No. 7. 

Dyed with : 
6 °/p Direct Deep Black G 
1 % Sulphon Cyanine G R extra 



/* / 



o Sulphon Blue Black 



20 % Glauber's salt. 

Boil for ? /2 hour, and let the goods run for another 

l l-z hour without steam. 

Boil: Discharged with: 

12 oz. or 60 grms. Rhodamine 6G 



P/a OZ. 


w 


8 


1) 


Auramine II 


14 oz. 


ii 


70 


J) 


wheat starch 


'/* gallon 


i; 


22 


» 


acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 %) 


l 3 /s pint 


» 


150 


n 


gum water 1 : 1 


2 1 ; , 4 pints 


ii 


250 


II 


acetate of tin 32° Tw. 
and then add 


l 1 /* lbs. 


w 


100 


II 


tin crystals 


2 lbs. 


» 


160 


U 


tannic acid dissolved in 


l'/a pints 


» 


160 


n 


acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 %) 


4 oz. 


» 


20 

1000 


grms. 


citric acid 



No. 8. 

Dyed with : 
2 % Benzo Chrome Brown B 
0"4 % Benzo Chrome Brown G 

10 % Glauber's salt crystals. 
Enter at 125° Faht. bring slowly to the boil, shut 
off steam and then run the goods for 1 / 2 — 1 -hour 

longer. 

Discharged with : 
3 oz. or 15 grms. Brilliant Green (crystals) 



3 oz. 


1! 


15 


a 


Auramine G 


14 oz. 


n 


70 


a 


wheat starch 


'/s pint 


r. 


100 


;> 


acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 ?/o) 


7 /s pint 


i> 


90 


!1 


water 


1 s /* pints 


ii 


190 


11 


gum water 1 : 1 


2 1 /* pints 


n 


250 


V 


acetate of tin 32° Tw. 


IV* lbs. 


i> 


100 


v 


tin crystals 


I 1 /* pints 


!> 


150 


it 


solution of tannic acid 1 : 1 


4 oz. 


II 


20 
1000 


ii 

grms. 


citric acid 



Steam for '/a hour without pressure. 



After printing with discharges the pieces are steamed for '/* — 1 hour without pressure, according 
to the depth of the engraving and quantity of tin crystals used, and then run through a cold bath of tartar 
emetic, washed and dried. 



94 



Half Wool Dyeing-. 

(Discharge Printing). 



Table 29 a. 




Dyed with: 4% Benzo Purpurine 4B; 
Discharged with: 4% Auramine G. 



11 




Dyed with: 4% Chrysophenine and 

1*5 % Brilliant Green; 
Discharged with: l'5 / Auraniine G. 



13 




Dyed with: 4% Benzo Chrome Brown K; 
Discharged with: 4% Auramine G. 




Dyed with: 4"/ Benzo Orange B; 

Discharged with: 1'5% Brilliant Green 

and 1*5% Auramine G. 



17 




Dyed with: 4"/„ Toluylene Brown !M : 
Discharged with: 4% Auramine G. 





111 LI 


■ 1 i 


K* 1 


1 1 H 








■ 1 " ^ 






I 1 


1 ' 




1 ill 


■ft 


i 1 




BM ' I 






ftwl 1 ' 






i jl 






1 ■ IB 


H * " 




i Hj Hftf 1 









10 



Dyed with: 4% Benzo Cyanine B; 
Discharged with: 4°/ Auramine G. 





, ^m, ,| 


•MBB BBS 


UiBMBll 


i ■ 


1 


I'll 


I i 






■ 


I 


1 1 






I 


■ ' ■■ 


■ ' 




■ 


■ ' 


■1 


II 




!f 


| 


I 


1 ' 1 


II' 


1 r 


■ 


■ 




1 1 1 














L 


■ 











12 



Dyed with: 4% Geranine G; 
Discharged with: 4% Auramine G. 



IHI IUI lill IHI 

ISIhIQIdIhI 



14 



Dyed with: 4% Direct Fast Brown B; 
Discharged with: 4% Auramine G. 



I I |i] 

III I ■ 

i I III 

It I I 



16 



Dyed with: 4% Benzo Purpurine 10 15: 
Discharged -with: 4% Auraniine G. 



\ftl 


|| 


■ 


■ 


■H 




ftft 


* 1 




I 


|. 








53 


H 


■ 








1 


1 


1 


| 








'1 


1 


1 


|' 






■ B 


1 1 


H 


1 


ILI 






■ftf 


■ftl 


■ft 









18 



Oyed with : 1 " . , Chicago Blue B; 
Discharged with: 4 "/,> Auramine G. 



FARBENFABRIKEN vonn. FBIEDB. HAYER & Co., ELBERFELD. 

94 a. 






Table 29 a. 



No. 9. 

Dyed with : 4 % Benzo Purpurine 4 B 

10 % Glauber's salt. 
Discharged with : 4 % Auramine G. 

No. 11. 

Dyed with : 4 % Chrysophenine 
10 % Glauber's salt. 



Discharged with 



( 1'5 % Brilliant Green crystals 
\ 1:5 °/o Auramine G. 



No. 10. 

Dyed with : 4 ° Benzo Cyanine B 
10 % Glauber's salt. 
Discharged with: 4 °/o Auramine G. 

No. 12. 

Dyed with : 4 °/o Geranine G 
10 °/o Glauber's salt. 
Discharged with: 4°o Auramine G. 






No. 13. 

Dyed with : 4 0/ o Benzo Chrome Brown R 

10 °/o Glauber's salt. 

4 °/o Auramine G. 



Discharged with 



No. 15. 

Dyed with : 4 % Benzo Orange R 

10 °/o Glauber's salt. 

.115 °/o Brilliant Green crystals 
Discharged with:< 

i. 1'5 °/o Auramine G. 



No. 17. 

Dyed with : 4 °/o Toluylene Brown M 

10 °'o Glauber's salt. 
Discharged with: 4% Auramine G. 



No. 14. 

Dyed with : 4 °/o Direct Fast Brown B 

10 °/o Glauber's salt. 
Discharged with : 4 % Auramine G. 

No. 16. 

Dyed with : 4 °/o Benzo Purpurine 10 B 

10 °/o Glauber's salt. 
Discharged with : 4 °/o Auramine G. 

No. 18. 

Dyed with : 4 °/o Chicago Blue B 

10 °/o Glauber's salt. 
Discharged with: 4 °j a Auramine G. 



In dyeing raise temperature to boil in V 2 hour, boil for 3 ji hour, run '/a 
and dry. Afterwards print with discharge colour, steam for 1 U hour without 
through a cold tartar emetic bath, wash and dry. 



hour without steam, rinse 
pressure, and finally pass 



Yellow Discharge. 

8 oz. or 40 grms. Auramine G 



14 oz. 

1 pint 
8 /4 pint 

l'ji pint 
2 ] /* pints 

2 lbs. 
1 '/* pints 

4 oz. 



70 
100 

70 
HO 
250 
160 
150 

20 



wheat starch 

acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 %) 

water 

gum water 1 : 1 

acetate of tin 32° Tw. 

tin crystals 

solution of tannic and acetic 

acid 1 : 1 
citric acid powder 



1000 grms. 







Gr 


een 


Discharge. 


3 oz. 


or 


15 


grms. 


Auramine G 


3 oz. 


H 


15 


i) 


Brilliant Green crystals 


14 oz. 


a 


70 


}) 


wheat starch 


1 pint 


» 


100 


n 


acetic acid 9° Tw. (30 °/o) 


I 1 /* pints 


» 


120 


a 


water 


IV4 pints 


n 


140 


n 


gum water 1 : 1 


2 7* pints 


n 


250 


11 


acetate of tin 32° Tw. 


17« lbs. 


1? 


120 


11 


tin crystals 


Vj 4 pints 


» 


150 


1) 


solution of tannic and acetic 
acid 1 : 1 


4 oz. 




20 


.. 


citric acid powder 






1000 


grms. 





94 b. 



Silk Printing. 



The following Benzidine Dyestuffs can be printed on silk goods: 



Red Dyestuffs : 

Benzo Purpurine i B 
Brilliant Geranine B 
Delta Purpurine 5 B 
Rose Azurine B. 

Orange Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Orange R 
Chloramine Orange G 
Congo Orange G, R. 

Yellow Dyestuffs: 

Chloramine Yellow 
Chrysophenine. 



Blue Dyestuffs : 

Benzo Azurine G 
Benzo Sky Blue. 

Violet Dyestuffs: 

Heliotrope B B (red violet) 

Brown Dyestuffs: 

Congo Corinth G, B. 

Grey Dyestuffs : 

Benzo Fast Grey. 



The Benzidine dyestuffs can also be used for direct printing on silk. 



Table 30. 



No. 1. 

Printed with : 



Boil 



4 oz. or 20 grins. Heliotrope B B 
3% lbs. „ 300 „ British gum 
6V« pints „ 060 „ water, and then add 
4 oz. .. 20 „ phosphate of soda 
1000 grms. 



Boil: 



No. 2. 
Printed with : 



4 oz. or 20 grms. Brilliant Geranine B 

3% lbs. „ 300 „ British gum and 
6'/a pints „ 660 „ water, and then add 
4 oz. „ 20 „ phosphate of soda 
1000 grms. 



Steam for 1 hour without pressure, wash and dry. 



Silk Discharge Printing. 



Dyed on silk the following Benzidine dyestuffs can be discharged with zinc powder : 

Violet Dyestuffs: 



Red Dyestuffs: 

Beiizo Purpurine i B, 4 B 
Brilliant Geranine B 
Geranine G 
Rose Azurine G. 

Orange Dyestuffs : 

Benzo Orange R 
Congo Orange G, R. 

Yellow Dyestuffs: 
Chrysamine G 
Chrysophenine. 

Green Dyestuffs : 
Benzo Olive (yellow). 

Blue Dyestuffs: 
Benzo Blue 2 B, B X 
Benzo Chrome Black 'Blue B 
Benzo Cyanine B, R 
Benzo Cyanine 3 B 
Benzo Indigo Blue 
Brilliant Azurine 5 G 
Brilliant Benzo Blue 6 B 
Brilliant Sulphon Azurine R 
Diazo Blue (p-Naphtol) 
Sulphon Azurine D (yellow). 



No. 3. 

Dyed with: 

3 °/o Brilliant Benzo Blue 6 B 

(boiled off liquor and acetic acid). 

Discharged with : 

zinc powder and bisulphite of soda as given 
on page 42. 

Steam for */= hour without pressure, give a 
slight sour, wash and dry. 



Azo Violet 
Heliotrope B B. 



Brown Dyestuffs: 

Congo Corinth B, G. 

Grey Dyestuffs : 

Benzo Grey S extra (yellow). 

Black Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Black S extra (yellow) 
Diazo Blue Black B (yellowish) 
Diazo Brilliant Black B (,3-Naphtol) 
Diazo Brilliant Black R (<3-Naphtol) 
Diazo Black R (|3-Naphtol) 
Direct Blue Black B (yellowish) 



Table 30 

No. 4. 

Dyed with : 

5 % Congo Corinth G 

(boiled off liquor and acetic acid). 

Discharged with : 
Dissolve : 

3 oz. or 6 grms. Methylene Blue B B in 
2 s /s pints „ 94 „ water and 
6 s /* pints „ 300 „ gum water 1:1; and 

when cold add 
10 lbs. „ 320 ,, zinc powder; then add 

slowly 
5 1 /* pints „ 280 „ b isulphite of soda 06° 
1000 grms. t Tw - 

After printing steam for '/s hour without 
pressure, wash and dry. 



9(3 



Silk Printing". 

(Direct Printing). 



Table SO. 



•I I * I 4 mm 




Printed with: 3% Heliotrope B B. Printed with: 3% Brilliant Geranine B. 

y (Discharge Printing). 




Dyed with : Brilliant Benzo Blue «B: 
Discharged with: zinc powder. 




Dyed with: 5% Congro Corinth G; 

Discharged with: 0-6 % Methylene 

Blue BB and zinc powder. 



(Yarn Printing). 





Printed with: 3 u /o Benzo Orange H. Printed with: 3% Brilliant Benzo Blue 6 B. 

(Yarn Discharge Printing). 





Dyed with: 4% GeraniueG; Discharged Dyed with: 4% Benzo Piirpiirlne IB; 

with: 8% Fast Acid Violet 10 B. Discharged with: zinc powder. 



Half Silk Printing-. 

(Direct Printing). 



'1 III III 

III 1 1 


1 

1 

1 1 




10 



Printed with: ««/„ Beuzo Orange It. Printed with: «"/„ Benzo Piirpiiriuc 1 B. 



FARBENFABRIKEN vorm. FKIEDII. BAYER ft Co. ELBERFELD. 



97 






The following dyestuffs are not destroyed by zinc powder, and are therefore adapted 
for colour discharging Benzidine dyestuffs dyed on silk : 



Red Dyestuffs: 



Rhoduhne Red B, G 
Saffranine F F extra. 



Yellow Dyestuffs : 

Quinoline Yellow. 

Blue Dyestuffs : 

Induline B, 6 B 
Methylene Blue B B. 

Violet Dyestuffs: 

Rhoduline Violet. 



98 



Silk Yarn Printing, 



The following Benzidine Colours are adapted for printing silk yarn 

Red DyestufFs : 

Brilliant Geranine B. 

Orange Dyestuffs: 
Benzo Orange R. 

Blue DyestufFs: 

Benzo Sky Blue 
Brilliant Benzo Blue 6 B. 

Brown or Bordeaux DyestufFs : 
Congo Corinth G. 









Table 30. 




No. 5. 




No. 6. 




Orange. 




Blue. 


4 oz. 


or 20 grms. Benzo Orange R 


4 oz. 


or 20 grms. Brilliant Benzo Blue 




dissolved in 




6 B dissolved in 


'/a pints 


,, 360 „ water, and thickened 


3*/a pints 


„ 360 „ water, and thickened 




with 




with 


6 pints 


„ 600 „ mucilage of traga- 


6 pints 


„ 600 „ mucilage of traga- 




canth 65 : 1000 




canth 65: 1000 


4 oz. 


„ 20 „ phosphate of soda 


4 oz. 


,, 20 „ phosphate of soda 




1000 grms. 


1000 grms. 



Steam for 1 hour without pressure, wash and dry. 



99 



Discharge Printing on Silk Yarn. 



Those Benzidine Dyestuffs which can be discharged with zinc powder (or tin crystals) 
after having been dyed on silk yarn, are the same as those given on page 96 for dyeing, 
silk stuffs. 



No. 7. 

Dyed with : 
4 % Geranine G. 



No. 8. 

Dyed with : 
4 % Benzo Purpurine i B. 



Boil 



Discharged with : 

Blue Discharge. 



Discharged with : 
Zinc powder as same page 42. 



G oz. or 30 grms. Fast Acid Violet io B 



1 ',2 pints 


„ 168 


71 


water 


4 '/a pints 


„ 450 


!> 


gum water 1 : 1 


10 oz. 


„ 48 


» 


wheat starch 


5 oz. 


„ 24 


1) 


dextrine and 


1 pint 


n ICO 


>l 


water, and then add 


1 pint 


„ 120 


i; 


acetate of tin 32° Tw 


12 oz. 


„ 60 


n 


tin crystals 




1000 


grms 


Steam for '/* hour wi 



hour without pressure, wash and dry. 



The following undischargeable dyestuffs are adapted for colour discharges with tin 
on silk yarn dyed with dischargeable Benzidine colours : 

Red Dyestuffs : 
Saffranine F F extra. 

Yellow Dyestuffs : 

Auramine II 
Quinoline Yellow. 

Green Dyestuffs: 

Brilliant Green crystals 

Fast Green biuish 

Fast Green extra bluish 

Fast Light Green 

Acid Green G G, BBN, 3 B. 

Blue Dyestuffs: 

Fast Acid Blue B 
Fast Acid Violet 10 B. 

Violet Dyestuffs : 

Methyl Violets 
Acid Violets. 



10(1 



The following Benzidine Dyestuffs dyed on silk are fast to milling: 

Red Dyestuffs : 

Diazo Bordeaux (Developer A) 
Rose Azurine G, B. 
Yellow PR (Developer A) 

Orange Dyestuffs: 

Chloramine Orange G 
Yellow PR (Developer F) 

Yellow Dyestuffs: 

Chloramine Yellow 
Direct Yellow R. 

Blue Dyestuffs: 

Brilliant Azurine 5 G 
Brilliant Sulphon Azurine R 
Diazurine B (Developer A) 
Diazo Blue (Developer A) 
Diazo Red Blue 3 R (Developer A) 
Sulphon Azurine D. 

Violet Dyestuffs: 

Heliotrope. 

Brown Dyestuffs : 

Chloramine Brown G. 

Diazo Brilliant Black R, B (Developed with 

soda) 
Diazo Brown G, V (Developer A) 
Diazo Brown R extra (Developed with soda) 
Diazo Brown R extra (Developer H) 
Diazo Brown R extra (chromed and coppered)- 

Black Dyestuffs : 

Benzo Fast Black (Developer A) 
Diazo Brilliant Black R, B (Developer B) 
Diazo Blue Black (Developer A) 
Diazo Black R, G, H, B (Developer A) 



Hi] 



« 



The following Benzidine Dyestuffs dyed on silk are fast to alkali (ammonia) : 



Red Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Purpurine iB, 4 B, 6 B, 10 B 

Brilliant Congo R 

Brilliant Geranine B, 3B 

Brilliant Purpurine R 

Delta Purpurine 5 B 

Diazo Bordeaux (Developer A) 

Geranine B B 

Hessian Purple N 

Rose Azurine G, B 

Yellow PR (Developer A). 



Orange Dyestuffs: 

Chloramine Orange G 
Mikado Orange R 
Toluylene Orange R. 



Yellow Dyestuffs 

Chloramine Yellow 
Chrysophenine 
Direct Yellow R. 



Blue Dyestuffs : 

Benzo Black Blue G, R 
Brilliant Sulphon Azurine R 
Diazo Blue (Developer A) 
Diazo Blue Black (undiazotised) 
Diazo Red Blue 3R (Developer A) 
Sulphon Azurine D. 



Violet Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Violet R 
Heliotrope 
Heliotrope B B. 

Brown Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Brown G, GG, B, BX, R extra 

Benzo Chrome Brown B, G, R 

Chloramine Brown G 

Congo Corinth G, B 

Diazo Brown G, V (Developer A) 

Diazo Brown R extra (developed with soda) 

Diazo Brown R extra (Developer H) 

Diazo Brown R extra (chromed and coppered), 

Toluylene Brown B, R 



Black Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Fast Black 

Benzo Fast Black (Developer A) 

Diazo Brilliant Black R, B (Developer B) 

Diazo Blue Black (Developer A) 

Diazo Black R, G, H, B (Developer A). 



102 






The following Benzidine Dyestuffs dyed on silk are fairly fast to water: 

Red Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Purpurine i B, 4 B 
Brilliant Congo R 
Diazo Bordeaux (Developer A) 
Yellow PR (Developer A). 

Orange Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Orange R 
Chloramine Orange G 
Congo Orange 
Mikado Orange R 
Mikado Orange G 
Yellow P R (Developer F). 

Yellow Dyestuffs: 

Chloramine Yellow 
Chrysamine G 
Chrysamine R 
Chrysophenine. 

Blue Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Azurine G 

Benzo Black Blue R, G 

Diazo Blue (Developer A) 

Diazo Red Blue 3R (Developer A) 

Diazurine B (Developer A) 

Sulphon Azurine D. 

Brown Dyestuffs: 

Chloramine Brown G 

Diazo Brown R extra (Developed with soda) 
Diazo Brown R extra (Developer H) 
Diazo Brown R extra (chromed and coppered) 
Diazo Brown G, V (Developer A) 
Diazo Brown V 

Diazo Brilliant Black R, B (Developed with 

soda) 

Black Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Fast Black (Developer A) 
Diazo Blue Black (Developer A) 
Diazo Black R, G, H, B (Developer A) 
hia/.o Brilliant Black R, B (Developer B). 



100 



The following Benzidine Dyestuffs dyed on silk are fast to acid (acetic acid): 



Red Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Purpurine i B, 4 B 

Brilliant Congo R 

Brilliant Geranine B, 3 B 

Brilliant Purpurine R 

Delta Purpurine 5 B 

Diazo Bordeaux (Developer A) 

Geranine B B 

Hessian Purple N 

Rose Azurine G, B 

Yellow PR (Developer A). 

Orange Dyestuffs: 

Congo Orange 
Chloramine Orange G 
Mikado Orange R, G 
Toluylene Orange G 
Yellow P R (Developer F). 

Yellow Dyestuffs : 

Chloramine Yellow 
Chrysamine G, R 
Chrysophenine. 



Blue Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Azurine G 
Benzo Black Blue G, R 
Brilliant Azurine 5 G 
Brilliant Sulphon Azurine R 
Diazo Blue (Developer A) 
Diazo Blue Black (undiazotised) 
Diazo Red Blue 3R (Developer A) 
Diazurine B (Developer A) 
Sulphon Azurine D. 

Violet Dyestuffs : 

Benzo Violet R 
Heliotrope 
Heliotrope B B 

Brown Dyestuffs : 

Benzo Brown G, G G, B, B X, R extra 

Benzo Chrome Brown G, R 

Chloramine Brown G 

Diazo Brown G, V 

Diazo Brown G, V (Developer A) 

Diazo Brown R extra (Developer H) 

Diazo Brown R extra (Developed with soda) 

Diazo Brilliant Black R, B (Developed with 

Toluylene Brown R ; B. [soda) 



Black Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Fast Black 

Benzo Fast Black (Developer A) 

Diazo Black R, G, H, B (Developer A) 

Diazo Blue Black (Developer A). 

Diazo Brilliant Black R, B (Developer A) 



104 



Table 80. 



Half Silk Printing. 



The Benzidine Colours are also employed in half silk printing. The following were 
printed with: 



Boil: No - 9 - 

12 oz. or 60 grms. Benzo Orange R 

3 lbs. 2 oz. „ 250 „ British gum and 
6 s jt pints „ 670 „ water, and then add 
4 oz. „ 20 „ phosphate of soda 
1000 grms. 



No. 10. 

The same as No. 9 but with 
12 oz. or 60 grms. Benzo Purpurine i B. 



Table 31. 



No. 11. 

The same as No. 9 but with 
12 oz. or 60 grms. Benzo Chrome Brown B. 



No. 12. 

The same as No. 9 but with 
12 oz. or 60 grms. Delta Purpurine 5B. 



Boil: No- IB. 

4 oz. or 20 grms. Geranine G 
3 3 /* lbs. „ 300 „ British gum and 
G'/a pints „ 660 „ water, and then add 
4 oz. „ 20 „ phosphate of soda 
1000 grms. 



Boil: 



No. 14. 

2 oz. or 10 grms. Brilliant Benzo 



?>% lbs. 



„ 300 
6 3 /4 pints „ 670 
4 oz. „ 20 



Blue 6B 

British gum and 
water, and then add 
phosphate of soda 



1000 grms. 



Steam for 1 hour without pressure, wash and dry. 



105 



Half Silk Dyeing. 




The Benzidine dyestuffs are very suitable for half silk dyeing. In their behaviour to 
silk and cotton they vary considerably. Many of them dye the cotton and leave the silk 
undyed, whilst others dye both silk and cotton the same or different shades. Colours of the 
latter class dye the silk more than the cotton. They are dyed with the addition to the bath 
of Glauber's salt and soap. 

1. The following colours dye silk and cotton equally: 

Benzo Purpurine 4 B, Brilliant Congo R, Brilliant Geranine 3 B, Delta Purpurine 
5 B, Geranine G, Rose Azurine B, G. — Chrysamine G, R, Ch^sophenine. — Benzo 
Dark Green. — Congo Corinth, Toluylene Brown B B O. 

2. The following colours leave the silk white or almost white and dye the cotton only: 

Chloramine Orange G. — Direct Yellow R. — Benzo Sky Blue (soap), Benzo 
Black Blue G (soap), Benzo Blue 2 B, 3B, Brilliant Benzo Blue 6B, Benzo Chrome 
Black Blue B (almost white). — Diamine Black R O. 

3. The following colours dye the silk less than the cotton (or the cotton more than the silk) : 

Chloramine Yellow (slightly), Thiazole Yellow (almost the same). — Benzo 
Green G. — Benzo Blue RW (slightly), Benzo Indigo Blue (slightly). — Toluylene 
Brown R. 

4. The following colours d} r e the silk a different colour to the cotton : 

Azo Blue (silk redder), Benzo Azurine G (silk reddish, cotton a deeper blue). — 
Azo Violet (silk redder, cotton darker). — Benzo Brown B (silk redder), Benzo Chrome 
Brown B, G, R and 3R (silk lighter shade, somewhat yellower than the cotton). — 
Diamine Black B O (silk redder). 



106 



Table 31. 



Half Silk Printing. 



11 



\ I % 

I 



V 







^ ■ * MWWBp nJ 




IP^i 






aft _ Jjtput * B jgft 


111 


r^TJ^fc 


n9 Klfll 


fc^'i, 




VKReT^I 


fct; 




> ■ 




El 


" * 



Half Silk printed with: 
6% Benzo Chrome Brown B. 



Half Silk printed with : 
6% Belta Pnrpurine 5B. 



13 






■ ■> 






Half Silk printed with : 
3% Geranine Q. 



Half Silk printed with : 
1% Brilliant Benzo Blue 6 B. 



(Discharge Printing with zinc.) 





Congo Corinth O. 



Toluylene Brown B B O. 




Chrysophenine. 



Delta Pnrpurine 5B. 



if- 




u 





Brilliant Geranine :( B. 



Benzo Blue i B. 



FARBENFABRIKEN vorm. FRIEDE. BAYER & Co., KLRKRFKM). 

107 



Half Silk Discharge Printing. 



The following Benzidine dyestuffs dyed on half silk can be discharged with zinc powder; 



Red Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Purpurine 4 B 
Brilliant Congo G and R 
Brilliant Geranine B, 3 B 
Geranine G 
Rose Azurine G, B. 

Orange Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Orange R 
Congo Orange R. 

Yellow Dyestuffs: 

Chrysamine G, R 
Chrysophenine. 

Green Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Dark Green 
Benzo Green G 
Benzo Olive. 



Blue Dyestuffs: 

Azo Blue 

Benzo Blue 2 B, 3 B, B X, RW 

Benzo Azurine G 

Benzo Cyanine 3 B 

Benzo Indigo Blue 

Benzo Sky Blue 

Benzo Black Blue G 

Brilliant Azurine 5 G 

Brilliant Sulphon Azurine R 

Brilliant Benzo Blue 6B 

Sulphon Azurine D. 

Violet Dyestuffs: 

Azo Violet 
Heliotrope B B. 



Brown Dyestuffs: 

Benzo Brown BR, GG, B 

Benzo Chrome Brown B, G, R, 3 R 

Congo Corinth G 

Heliotrope 

Toluylene Brown B B O, R. 

Black Dyestuffs : 
Diamine Black R O, BO. 



108 



Table 31. 



Discharge Printing With Zinc Powder. 



Colours dyed with dischargeable Benzidine dyestuffs can be easily discharged with zinc 
powder and bisulphite. 



,,. White Discharge. 

Mix: ° 

12 lbs. or 333 grms. zinc powder, finely sifted 
1 gallon „ 333 „ gum water 1:1, cool down with ice, and add gradually 
7 'A pints „ 334 „ bisulphite cf soda 66° Tw. 
1000 grms. 



Print on with a brush furnisher, steam for */a— 1 hour without pressure, give a weak 
sour, wash and dry. 



No. 1. 

4 % Congo Corinth G 

10% Glauber's salt 
2 % soap. 
Dye for 1 hour at 195° Faht. 

No. 3. 

2 % Chrysophenine 

10 % Glauber's salt 
2 % soap. 



No. 2. 

4 % Toluylene Brown B B O 

10 % Glauber's salt 
2 % soap. 



No. 4, 

4 % Delta Purpurine 

10% Glauber's salt 
2 % soap. 



No. 5. 

2 % Brilliant Geranine 3 B 

10 % Glauber's salt 
4 % soap. 



No. 6. 

3% Benzo Blue 2B 

10 % Glauber's salt, and later add 
1 % acetic acid. 



109 



No. 7. 

2 % Geranine G 

10 % Glauber's salt 
4 % soap. 



Table 32. 



No. 8. 

4 % Benzo Blue RW 

10% Glauber's salt 
3 % soap. 



No. 9. 

4 % Benzo Brown B 

10% Glauber's salt 
3 % soap. 



No. 10. 

4 % Benzo Green G 

10 % Glauber's salt. 
4 % soap. 



No. 11. 

4 % Rose Azurine B 

10% Glauber's salt 
3% soap. 



No. 12. 

3 % Benzo Sky Blue 

10% Glauber's salt. 



No. 13. 

2% New Toluylene Brown M 

10% Glauber's salt 
2 % soap. 



No. 14. 

4 % Congo Orange R 

10 0/ o Glauber's salt 
2 % soap. 



No. 15. 

2 % Chrysarnine G 

10 % Glauber's salt 
3 % soap. 



110 



Table 32. 



10 



12 



U 



Half Silk Printing-. 

(Dis£jam^e~Prkidng^Kkh zinc). 




Bcnzo Sky Blue 



New To!nyi«Mie Brown M. 




11 



13 



Cuago Orange It 



ChryNiimlne G. 



FABBEN1 AUKIKKN v..im. FRIEDR. HAYEK & Co., ELDERFELD. 

Ill 



Xyloline Printing. 



Table 33. 



The Benzidine dyestuffs can also be used for padding or printing Xyloline (cotton 
and paper). 



Padding. 



No. 1. 

1 oz. or 50 grms. Chloramine Yellow 
12'/a galls. „ 100 litres water 

2 oz. „ 100 grms. phosphate of soda. 

No. 3. 

1 oz. or 50 grms. Heliotrope B B 

12 '/a galls. „ 100 litres water 

2 oz. „ 100 grms. phosphate of soda. 



No. 2. 

1 oz. or 50 grms. Geranine G 
12 '/a galls. „ 100 litres water 

2 oz. „ 100 grms. phosphate of soda. 

No. 4. 

1 oz. or 50 grms. Brilliant Benzo Blue 6 B 

12 '/a galls. „ 100 litres water 

2 oz. „ 100 grms. phosphate of soda. 



Pad on the slop padding machine. 



Printing. 

No. 5. 
Orange. 

1 '/a pints or 150 grms. Print colour X 



8 x /a pints 



850 



mucilage of tragacanth 05 : 1000 



1000 grms. 



Print Colour X. 

Boil: 8 oz. or 40 grms. Congo Orange G 

1 lb. „ 80 „ wheat starch and 

8Va pints „ 860 „ water, and then add 

4 oz. ,. 20 ,. phosphate of soda 

1000 grms. 



No. 6. 
Blue. 

The same as No. 5 but with 
8 oz. or 40 grms. Brilliant Benzo Blue 6 B. 



No. 7. 
Violet. 

The same as No. 5 but with 
8 oz. or 40 grms. Benzo Violet R. 



No. 8. 

Brown. 

The same as No. 5 but with 
8 oz. or 40 grms. Benzo Chrome Brown B 



No. 9. 
Pink. 

The same as No. 5 but with 
8 oz. or 40 grms. Geranine G. 



Steam for 1 ja hour without pressure. 



Ill 



Table 33. 



Xyloline Printing. 

(Padded). 






\ ' : 




Cnloramiue Yellow. 



Geranine (i. 



■-'-•--;:; -,: ";:;,__:" : r 





1 1 




■ ' 1 


1 


. '. Z - ' - - " " . 


I 


■■"-"..: 


I -x;; :; 


' ' 


■ ,■■.'. 


'■'■'''''" i M 





Heliotrope »i li. 



Brilliant Benzo Blue 6 B. 



(Printed). 









----- - 

■ . 



Congo Orange O. 



l 



I 



1 



fl 
I 

i 
ii 



f>! 

1 
t 

II 
111 



K 
1 



Brilliant Benzo Bine 6 B. 



•' ; '- I ♦ •• •... .. 




Beuzo Chrome Brown B. 



tieranine O. 



FARBENFABRIKEN vorm. FRIEDR. BAYER & Co., ELUERFELD. 

113 



Supplement. 



Table 34. 



Wool Silk Printing. 



Many Benzidine Dyestuffs are further well adapted for dyeing mixed goods of wool and silk for 
discharge purposes. 

No. 1. 

D}'e with : 2 % Chrysophenine 

20% Glauber's salt 
and boil for 1 hour. 

Steam for '/= hour without pressure, wash and dry. 

Discharge with : 
6 oz. or 30 grms. Acid Violet 6 B dissolved in 
V'i pints „ 170 „ water, thickened with 
5 pints „ 600 „ gum water 1:1, and then add 
27a lbs. „ 200 tin crystals 

1000 grms. 

The following dyestuffs are suitable for colour discharging with tin crystals : 
Eosine S extra (yellowish), Quinoline Yellow, Acid Green G G, Fast Acid Blue B etc. 

No. 2. No. 3. 

Dye with : 2 % Benzo Chrome Brown R Dye with : 2 % Congo Orange R 

20 % Glauber's salt. 20 °/o Glauber's salt, 

and boil for 1 hour. Boil for 1 hour. 

Discharge with: Discharge with: 

(( 77a oz. or 15 grms. Methylene Blue BB U lb oz. or 30 grms. Rhoduline Violet stirred 

<\74 gallon „ 85 „ water, thickened with \l up with 

I 6 3 /* pints „ 300 „ gum water 1:1, warm |U 3 ' 4 pints „ 75 „ water, thickened with 

and then add \ 67* pints „ 300 „ gum water 1:1, warm, 
10 lbs. „ 320 „ zinc powder, and add and then add 

gradually, cooling down 10 lbs. „ 320 „ zinc powder; finally add 

with ice, gradually after cooling 

5 pints „ 280 „ bisulphite of soda 72° Tw. with ice 

1000 orms! 5 pints „ 280 „ bisulphite of soda 72° Tw. 

Steam for 1 hour without pressure, wash and dry. Treatment same as in No. 2. 

The following colours can also be similarly employed for dyeing and discharging white: Benzo 
Chrome Brown G, B, Direct Fast Brown B, Toluylene Brown B, Direct Blue Black N, Diazo Blue Black, 
Brilliant Geranine B, Geranine G, Delta Purpurine 5 B, Benzo Olive, Benzo Sky Blue, Benzo Violet R etc. 



Linen Printing. 

The Benzidine Dyestuffs are also sometimes used for printing linen. 

No. 4. No. 5. 

Boil: 6 oz. or 30 grms. Chrysophenine Boil: 8 oz. or 40 grms. Brilliant Congo R 

37* lbs. „ 300 „ British gum and 37* lbs. „ 300 „ British gum and 

6 8 /* pints „ 670 „ water 67* pints „ 660 „ w ater 

1000 grms. 1U00 grms. 

Print the linen and then steam for 1 hour without pressure. 



Ill 



Wool Silk Printing-. 

(Discharge Printing). 



Table 34. 




Dyed with: 2 % Cnrysophenine ; 
discharged with: a u / Acid Violet 611. 




Dyed with: 2% Benzo Chrome Brown K; 
discharged with : IV2 % Methylene Blue B B. 




Dyed with: 2% Benzo Orange R; 
discharged with : 3% Hhodnline Violet. 



Linen Printing. 




Clirysophenine. 






Brilliant Congo ic. 



FAIIBENFABRIKEN vorm. FKIEDR. HAYEK & Co., ELUERFELD. 

115 



"^7"itla.©'\a.t Giaaraatee. 



110 



Contents. 



ents 



Preface 

Cotton Printing 

Slop Padding . 

Direct Printing 

Machine Padding 
Dyeing after Printing 
Dyeing before Printing 

Printing basic dyestuffs without tannic acid 
Bronze Printing .... 
Discharge Printing with tin crystals 
Colour Discharge Printing with tin crystals 
Dyestuffs not dischargeable by tin 
Discharge Printing with zinc powder 
Dyestuffs not dischargeable by zinc powder 
Colour Discharging with zinc powder 
Colour Discharge Printing with oxidising age 
Discharge Printing on Aniline Black 
Discharge Printing on basic colours 
Jantsch's process .... 
Pluszanski's process 
Discharging with oxidising agents 

Mercerising 

Zinc white Printing 

Linings slop-padded 

Finishing patterns .... 

Tables of the Benzidine Dyestuffs fast to acid 

Tables of the Benzidine Dyestuffs fast to alkali 

Tables of the Benzidine Dyestuffs fast to ironing 

Tables of the Benzidine Dyestuffs fast to chlorine 

Tables of the Benzidine Dyestuffs fastest to light 

Cotton Yarn Printing 

.. fioflto n Yarn Discharge Printing .... 
n Yarn mercerised ..... 







Page 

3 

5 

5-11 

12-15 

16-17 

18-19 

20 

20 

22-23 

24-29 

30-39 

40 

41-43 

44 

45 

46 

50-53 

52 

55 

56-57 

57-59 

60-65 

66-67 

68-69 

71-73 

70 

72 

71 

75 

76 

77-79 

78-81 

81-82 



117 



Page 

Wool Printing 83 

Wool Stuff Printing 84-85 

Wool Yarn Printing 85-86 

Slubbing Printing 85-89 

Half Wool Printing- 90 

Half Wool Stuff Printing 90-91 

Half Wool Dyeing 92 

Half Wool Discharge Printing 93-94 b 

Silk Printing 95 

Silk Stuff Printing 95-97 

Silk Discharge Printing 96—97 

Colour Discharges with zinc powder 98 

Silk Yarn Printing 99 

Silk Yarn Discharge Printing 100 

Tables of the Benzidine Dyestuffs fast to milling . . .101 
Tables of the Benzidine Dyestuffs fast to alkalies . . .102 
Tables of the Benzidine Dyestuffs fast to water . . .103 
Tables of the Benzidine Dyestuffs fast to acid .... 104 

Half Silk Printing 105 

Half Silk Stuff Printing 97, 105, 107 

Half Silk Dyeing 106 

Half Silk Discharge Printing 108 

Discharge Printing with zinc 109—111 

Wool and Silk 114-115 

Linen Printing 114—115 

Xyloline Printing • 112-113 

Contents 117-118 

Index 119-121 

Dyestuffs for Cotton Printing 122 

Dyestuffs for Wool and Half Wool Printing . . . .123 
Dyestuffs for Silk and Half Silk Printing 121 



118 



Indent. 



Page 

Acetine Blue 52, 53 

Acid Green B B N 100 

Acid Green G G 100, 114 

Acid Green 3 B 92, 100 

Acid Violet H W 92 

Acid Violets 100 

Acid Violet 6 B 114, 115 

Alizarine Red 80 

Alizarine Bed S X extra 7 

Alizarine Bed S XX 71 

Alizarine Bordeaux ...... 47, 49 

Alizarine Cyanine Black G . . . . 48, 49 

Alizarine Viridine 47, 49 

Alkali Blue 6 B .92 

Alkali Violet R 92 

Alpha Naphtylamine 10, 55, 57 

AlumiDium 22, 23 

Aniline Black . 7, 9, 15, IS, 19, 20, 21. 28, 49. 52, 

53. 56. 57, 6L 
Auramine G . 31, 33, 35, 36, 63, 65, 80, 81, 91, 94 
Auramine II . 30, 34, 35, 36, 53, £0, 81, 91, 91, 1C0 

Azo Blue 12, 24, 41, 106, 103 

Azo Violet .... 12, 20, 21, 21. 35, 36, 41, 
42, 43, 58, 60, 61, 62. 70, 96, 106, 108 

Benzidine ... 10 

Benzo Azurino G 12, 20, 21. 24, 41, 58, 70, 76, 83, 92, 95 

102, 104, 106, 108 

Benzo Aznrine R 12, 24, 41, 76 

Benzo Azurine 3 G . .21, 35, 36, 41, 58, 70, 76, 92 
Benzo Blue B X 22, 23, 24, 41, 57, 58, 59, 70, 72, 80. 81, 92 

96. 109 
Benzo Blue 2 B 5. 24. 35, 36, 41, 58. 70. 72. 77. 83. 92 

96. 106, 107, 108, 109 
Benzo Blue 3 B 5, 14, 15, 24, 41, 58, 70, 72, 83, 92. 106, 103 
Benzo Blue R W 12, 18. 19, 24, 31,33, 41. 58, 70, 72, 76, 92 

106, 108, 110, 111 

Benzo Blue 2 R 24, 41 

Benzo Blue 4 R 24,41 

Benzo Brown B . 12, 24, 41, 46, 58, 60, 70, 72, 102 

104, 106, 103, 110, 111 
Benzo Brown B X . 5, 6, 7, 24, 41, 42, 43, 46, 58, 70 

102. 104 

Benzo Brown BR. . . 5. 24. 46. 58, 70, 103 

Benzo Brown G . . 5, 21, 46, 58, 72, 102, 104 

Benzo Brown G G 12 24, 34, 35, 46, 58, 102. 104, 108 

Benzo Brown NB 12, 14, 15. 24, 37, 41, 46. 58. 63, 65 

Benzo Brown R extra . 5, 24, 41. 4(i. 58, 102, 101 

Benzo Brown N B X . . . 5, 21, 41. 46, 58, 92 

Benzo Brown N B R . . . . 24, 41. 46. 92 

Benzo Brown 5R . . . . 5, 40. 46. 58, 72 

Benzo Chrome Brown B 5. 12, 22, 23, 21, 23, 29, 32 

83, 41, 58, 60, 68, 69, 72, 76, 60. 81. 91. 92. 94, 102 

105, 106, 107. 103, 112. 113, 114 

Benzo Chrome Brown G 5. 6, 7, 12. 14. 15, 24, 26. 27, 

41, 58, 60. 63, 65, 68, 69, 76, 80, HI, '.)). 92, 94 

^^^ 102, 104, 106, 108, 114 



Page 
Benzo Chrome Brown R 5, 12, 16. 17. 22, 23, 23. 

29, 41, 58, 60, 76, 92, 102, 104. 106. 108, 114, 115 
Benzo Chrome Brown 3R . . 24, 41, 92. 106. 108 
Benzo Chrome Brown 5G . . . . 24, 41 
Benzo Chrome Black N 24, 40, 41, 44, 70 

Benzo Chrome Black Blue B 5, 16. 17, 18, 19, 22 

23, 24, 34, 35, 41, 42, 43. 58, 60, 66, 67. 70, 72. 76. 80 

81 92. 96, 106 
Benzo Cyanine B 5. 8, 9. 24. 41, 42, 43, 58, 60, 70, 72, 92, 96 

Benzo Cyanine 2B 72. 96 

Benzo Cyanine 3 B. 5, 12, 24, 38, 39, 41. 58, 60. 70, 72, 96, 103 
Benzo Cyanine R . . . 5, 24, 41, 58, 60, 70, 72 
Benzo Dark Brown . . . 5, 24, 41. 53, 92 

Benzo Dark Green 92, 106, 108 

Benzo Fast Grey ... 24 41. 58. 70, 74, 95 

Benzo Fast Red 46 

Benzo Fast Black 5, 8, 9, 12, 16, 17, 22, 23, 28, 29, 35, 
36, 41, 58, 64, 65. 70, 72, 74, 76, 79, 101, 102, 103, 101 

Benzo Grey 24. 41, 42, 43, 95 

Benzo Grey S extra . 24, 32, 33, 41, 58, 60, 95, 96 

Benzo Green B B . . . . 5. 24. 41. 58, 70, 72 

Benzo Green G 5, 8. 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 22, 23. 24 

23, 29, 32, 33, 41, 53, 70. 72, 81, 82, 87, 88. 89, 92 

106. 108, 110, 111 
Benzo Indigo Blue . 24, 41, 58, 70, 72, 76, 96, 106, 108 
Benzo Navy Blue B 24, 41, 58, 70, 72. 76 

Benzo Nitrol Brown G . .10, 18, 19, 64, 65, 70, 72 

Benzo Nitrol Brown 2R 70 

Benzo Nitrol Dark Brown N .... 10 
Benzo Olive 5, 12, 24, 37. 41. 42, 43, 68, 70. 74, 76. 92, 96, 108 

114 
Benzo Orange R 5, 12, 24, 41, 58, 60, 77. 83, 84, 85 

92, 95, 97. 99, 103, 105. 108 
Benzo Purpurine IB 5, 12, 24, 37, 41, 70, 72, 83, 95 

96, 97, 100, 102, 103, 104, 105 

Benzo Purpurine 4B 5. 12, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 28, 29 

31, 33, 37. 38, 39, 41, 51, 52. 53, 58, 60, 64, 66, 67, 72 

74, 77, 79, 81, 82, 84, 85, 86, 87, 90, 92, 96, 102, 103 

106, 108 
Benzo Purpurine 6 B . . .12. 24, 41, 72, 102 
Benzo Purpurine 10 B . 18. 19, 22, 23, 24, 37, 38, 39, 41 

53, 60, 72, 92, 102 

Benzo Sky Blue 5, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15, 20, 21, 24 

35, 36, 37, 41, 46, 51, 52, 53, 51, 55, 67, 58, 60, 66, 67, 70 

72, 77 78, 79, 83, 84, 85. 90, 92, 99, 106, 108, 1 10. Ill, 114 

Benzo Sky Blue 4 B .... 5,24,41,95 

Benzo Red Blue Q 24, 41 

Benzo Red Blue R 24, 41 

Benzo Black 24, 41 

Benzo Black S extra . . . 24, 41, 72, 95, 96 
Benzo Black Blue G 5, 24, 41. 58, 60, 70. 72. 76, 92 

102, 103, 104, 106. 108 
Benzo Black Blue 5 G . 5, 6, 7, 24. 26, 27, 37, 41 

58. 60, 70, "i2, 76 
Benzo Black Blue R 5, 24, 41, 53, 70. 72, 76, 92 

102. 103, 104 



119 



Page 

Benzo Black Brown . . 24, 41, 5S, 70, 72, 92 

Benzo Violet R 5, 6, 7. 8. 9, 12. 13, 15, 16, 17, 22. 23 

24, 23, 29, 41. 58, 63, 65, 70, 79. 102, 104, 112, 113, 114 

Beta Naphtol 55 

Bismarck Brown 54 

Brilliant Alizarine Blue D in paste . . 48. 49 

Brilliant Alizarine Blue SD . . . 49,60 

Brilliant Azurine B . .5, 24, 26. 27, 41, 58, 70, 92 
Brilliant Azurine 5G 5,24. 28, 29, 34, 35,41, 58, 70, 76, 95 

96, 101, 104. 108 

Brilliant Benzo Blue 6 B 5. 6. 7, 8, 9. 10, 11. 12, 13, 15 

16, 17, 18. 19. 20, 21, 22, 23, 24. 26. 27. 41. 56. 57, 58, F.9 

60, 61, 62. 63, 65. 70. 72, 76, 60, 81, 82. 91. 62. 93 

96, 97, 99. 105, 106, 107, 108, 112. 113 

Brilliant Congo G . .12. 24, 41, 58. 60. 70, 72, 108 

Brilliant Congo R 24, 41, 70, 72, 87, 88, 89. 101, 103 

104. 106. 1C8. 114, 115 

Brilliant Geranine B 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 16. 17, 1H, 19 

24, 32, 33, 41, 46, 52. 53, 58, 60, 63. 65. 66, 67. 68, 69 

70, 72, 75, 76, 81, 82, 63, 87. 68. 89, 90, 91. 95, 96. 97 

99, 101. 102. 103, 108. 114 

Brilliant Geranine 3B 12, 24. 41, 58, 60. 70, 72, 75. 76 

83, 92, 101, 102, 103, 106, 107. 103. 109 

Brilliant Green 20, 21, 30, 31. 33, 34, 35. 37. 38, 39, 53 

63, 65, 80. 81, 91, 94. 100 

Brilliant Orange G 24, 41 

Brilliant Purpurine R . 24, 41. 42, 43, 58, 60 61, 62 

102. 104 
Brilliant Rhoduline Red BD . . 30.85.36.44 
Brilliant Sulphon Azurine R 5, 24. 41, 85, 86, 87. 95, 

96, 101, 1C2, 104. 108 

Brilliant Yellow 5 

Bronze Prmts 22. 23 



Chicago Blue B ... 24, 41, 58, 72, 92 

Chicago Blue R . . . .24, 41. 58. 72, 92 

Chloramine Brown G 5, 12, 21, 41, 60, 70, 72. 74 75, 
76. 87, 88, 89, 101, 102 103, 104 
Chloramine Yellow 5. 7. 8, 9. 10. 11, 12. 13, 15. 40, 44 
45, 46, 47, 49, 51, 52, 53, 60, 61, 62, 67, 68. 69, 70, 72 

74, 75, 76, 77, 83, 87, 88, 89, 92, 95, 101, 102, 103. 104 

103. 112, 113 

Chloramine Orange G 5, 8, 9. 24, 41, 46, 47, 49. 52. 60 

70, 72, 74, 75, 92, 95, 101, 102, 103, 104, 106 

Chromate of lead 57. 59 

Chrome Blue 30 

Chrysamine G 5, 8, 9, 12, 18, 19, 41. 70, 71, 72, 73, 76. 92, 96 

103, 104. 106, 103 
Chrysamine R 5, 12, 41. 92, 103, 104, 106, 103, 110, 111 

Chrysamine G S 41 

Chrysamine R S . . .... 41 

Chrysophenine 5, 10, 11, 13. 17, 18, 19, 20, 21,24,28,29 
38, 39, 41, 42, 43, 46, 47, 48, 49, 52. 53, 60, 70. 72, 74 

75, 76, 83, 85, 86, 67 90, 91, 92, 93, 95, 96, 102, 103 

104, 107. 103, 109. 114, 115 

Chrysophenine GS 41 

Cochineal Scarlet PS 92 

Celestine Blue 30 

Congo Corinth B ... 24, 41, 95, 96, 97. 102 

Congo Corinth G 5. 12, 24, 26. 27, 41, 58, 60. 72, 92 

95, 96, 97, 99. 102, 106, 107. 108, 109 

Congo Orange G 5, 12, 13, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 24, 28, 29 

33, 41. 46, 48, 49, 50, 58. 60, 61, 62, 64, 65, 70, 72, 74 

79, 83, 65, 86, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92. 96, 103, 104. 112. 113 

Congo Orange R 20, 21. 24, 42, 43, 46. 58, 70, 72. 74 

91, 93, 108, 110, 111, 114, 115 

Congo Red 24, 41, 58, 72, 92 

Congo Red G 21, 41 

Congo Red 4R 12, 24. 41 

Congo Red GR 41 



Congo Rubine 
Croceine Scarlet 3B 
Curcumine S 
Curcumine W . 

Delta Purpurine 5B 



Page 
. 24. 41, 60, 72. 92 

92 

40, 41. 44, 87, 88, 89. 92 

. 24, 41, 87. 88. 69 

24, 41, 53, 60. 70, 72, 83, 87 
92, 95, 102, 104, 105, 106. 107. 109. 114 



Delta Purpurine 7B 
Delta Purpuiine G . 
Diamond Fuchsine . 
Diamine Red B 
Diamine Bed 3 B 
Diamine Black BO 
Diamine Black RO 
Dianisidine 
Diazo Blue 



Diazo Blue 3R 
Diazo Blue Black 



24, 41, 70 
24. 41 
20. 21 
24 41 
24. 41 
■ 106, 103 
. 106, 108 
10 
24, 26, 27, 31, 33. 41. 58. 70. 96 
101, 102. 103, 104 
24, 41, 70 
5, 24, 41, 58, 70, 72. 74, 92. 95, 96 
101, 112. 103, 104. 114 
Diazo Bordeaux ... 40, 101, 102, 103, 104 

Diazo Brown G 24. 41, 58. 70, 72. 74. 101, 102. 103, 104 
Diazo Brown R extra . 5, 58, 72. 101, 102, 103, 104 
Diazo Brown V 101, 102. 103, 104 

Diazo Brilliant Black B 24, 41, 53, 72, 74, 95. 96 

101, 102. 103. 104 

41, 58. 72, 74. 95, 96 

101. 103. 104 

24, 41, 72 

24. 41. 70 

24, 41, 92, 101, 102, 103, 104 

5. 24, 37. 41. 70, 72. 74. 92 

101, 102. 103, 304 

Diazo Black B H N 24, 41, 57, 58, 59. 60. 72, 74, 92, 101 

Diazo Black 3 B ... 24, 41. 53, 70. 72. 74 



Diazo Brilliant Black R 

Diazo Navy Blue 3B 
Diazo Indigo Blue B 
Diazo Red Blue 3R 
Diazo Black B . 



Diazo Blac k G . 
Diazo Black H . 
Diazo Black R . 

Diazo Black R extra 
Diazo "Violet 
Diazurine B 
Direct Blue Black B 



. 102, 103, 104 

40. 101, 102. 103. 104 

24, 41. 58, 70, 72, 74, 92. 95 

101, 102, 103. 104 

24. 41, 58, 70, 72 74 

. 24. 41. 70, 72 

24, 41, 101, 103. 101 

10, 12, 13, 24. 26, 27. 41 

58, 60, 70, 72. 74. 92, 95. 96 

24, 41, 70, 72, 74. 92, 114 

5, 24,' 41. 53. 72 

. 24, 41, 70, 72 

. 24, 41, r ,0. 72 

69, 70, 72. 91. 92. 94 

24, 41, 70, 72, 92 

24. 70 

12, 24, 31, 33, 41. 58. 60. 61. 

62, 63, 65, 70, 72. 74 

24 

5, 10, 24, 41, 58, 72, 92, 114 
. 5, 24, 41, 72 
Direct Yellow R 5, 40, 41. 60, 70, 72, 75. 92, 101, 102. 106 

Developing baths 26, 31 

Developer ES 10 



Direct Blue Black N 
Direct Bronze Brown 
Diiect Deep Black E 
Direct Deep Black E extra 
Direct Deep Black G 24, 41, 
Direct Deep Black R 
Direct Deep Black R W 
Direct Deep Black T 

Direct Deep Black T N 
Direct Past Brown B 
Direct Fast Brown G G 



Emerald Green 
Eosine 



54 
114 



Fast Acid Blue B 100, 114 

Fast Acid Violet 10 B 97. 100 

Fast Black 15, 16, 17, 32, 33 

Fast Green bluish, extra bluish . . . 1C0 

Fast Light Green 100 

Ferrocyanide Blue 30 



Geranine B B 



24 38, / 



', 76, 67, 102. 104 



} * 



\ 



120 



Page 

Geranine G 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11. 16, 17. 20, 21, 24, 28 

27, 37, 41, 46, 48, 49. 50, 51, 53. 58, 60, 61 

62, 70, 72, 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 83, 84, 85 

86, 87, 88, 89, 91, 92, 93, 96, 97, 100, 105 

106, 107, 108, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114 

Heliotrope 24, 41, 72. 101, 102. 108 

Heliotrope BB 5, 18, 19. 24, 34, 35, 37, 41, 52. 58, 67 

70, 83, 95, 98, 97, 102, 101, 108, 112, 113 

Hessian Brilliant Purple B .... 41 

Hessian Brown B . . . . . . 5, 40, 41 

Hessian Brown B B 
Hessian Brown MM 
Hessian Purple B . . 
Hessian Purple N B 
Hessian Purple N 
Hessian Yellow 



o 

5 

41, 92 

41 

24, 41. 92, 102. 104 

41 



Ice Black 

Ice Blue 

Ice Boideaux 

Ice Red 

Indian Yellow G 

Indigo 

Induline B 

Indulice 6 B 

Imperial Green GI 



10, 11 
10, 11 

10, 11, 55 

10, 11 

92 

49, 68, 69 



Katigene Black Brown 



54 



40. 41, 58 



Iiazuline Blue R 
Logwood Hlack 



38, 39 



Mercerisations Tables of 
Methylene Blue B B 



Methyl 
Methyl 
Methyl 
Methyl 
Methyl 
Mikado 
Mikado 
Mikado 
Mikado 
Mikado 
Mikado 
Mikado 
Mikado 
Mikado 
Mikado 
Mikado 
Mikado 
Mikado 
Mikado 
Mikado 



Green . 
Violet . 
Violet IB 
Violet 2B 
Violet 6B 
Brown B 
Brown G 
Orange 
Orange G 
Orange R 
Orange 2 R 
Orange 3R 
Orange 4R 
Orange 5R 
Orange R O 
Orange 2RO 
Orange 3RO 
Orange 4RO 
Orange 5R O 
Yellow 



the Benzidine Colours 60 

. 20, 21, 30, 37, 33, 39, 45, 

95, 96, 97, 98, 114. 115 

54 

37 

54 

20, 21, 30. 100 

32. 33, 80. 81 

24, 41, 58. 70. 72. 74 

21. 41 

. 5. 46, 60, 70 

72, 74, 75. 103, 104 

41, 102. 103, 104 

41 

12, 24, 41 

. 12, 24, 41 

24, 41 

41 

41 

24 41 

24, 41 

24. 41 

5, 40, 41, 60, 70. 72, 75, 76, 92 



Xew Methylene Blue 3R 
New Toluylene Brown M 
New Victo'ia Blue B 



91. 93 

. 110. Ill 

52, 53, 54, 92 



Orange GT 
Orange T A 



Page 
92 
92 



Patent Moss Green . 
Persian Berry Extract . 
Persian Berry Yellow Discharge 



Pluto Black B 



Pluto Black G 
Pluto Black R . 
Pyronine G 

Quinoline Yellow 



22, 23 

30, 55 

. 31, 32, 33, 35, 

36, 37, 57 

5, 10, 22, 23, 24. 26, 27, 41, 42, 43 

58, 70, 72, 74, 80, 81 

. 5, 24, 41, 58, 70, 72. 74, 92 

. 5, 24. 41, 58, 70. 72, 74 

30 

98, 100, 114 



Red PR 40, 44. 45, 70, 72, 74 

Reichgold Flora fine 22, 23 

Rhodamine B 30, 54 

Rhodamine G 30 

Rhodamine 6 G 32, 33, 34, 35, 56, 57, 64. 65. 80, 81, 91 

93, 94 

Rhodamine S 30 

Rhoduline Red B 98 

Rhoduline Red G 30, 45, 98 

Rhoduline Violet . HO, 31, 33. 91. 93, 98. 114, 115 

Rosazurine B 21. 41, 70, 83, 95 

101, 102, 104, 106. 103, 110, 111 
Rosazurine G 24, 41, 58, 70, 72, 96, 101, 102, 104. 106, 108 
Rouge vit' EN (Pigment Red) ... 57. 59 

Saffranine V F extra . . 30, 35, 36, 45, 98. 100 
Steam Black . . .... 33, 39 

Sulphon Azurine D 87, 88, 89. 96. 101, 102. 103, 101. 103 

Sulphon Black 92 

Sulphon Blue Black .... 91, 92. 94 

Sulphon Cyanine GR extra ... 91, 92. 94 

Thiazole Yellow 5, 6, 7. 40, 44. 58, 60, 61, 62, 92, 106 
Toluyene Brown B 5, 12, 21, 26, 27, 41, 58, 60, 70, 72 

90, 92, 102. 104, lit 
Toluylene Brown BBO 5, 24. 41. 58,72, 103, 107. 108.109 
Toluylene Brown M 5, 12, 24, 41, 53, 60, 72, 90, 92 

5, 12, 24, 41, 58, 60, 72, 90. 92 

102, 104, 103, 108 

10, 11, 12, 35, 3*3. 41, 48, 60, 70 

72. 74, 92. 104 

52, 53, 54 

54 



Toluylene Brown R 
Toluylene Orange G 



Turquoise Blue B B 
Turquoise Blue G 



Viscose 



66, 67 



White Discharge with tin . . .25, 28, 34, 35 
White Discharge with zinc powder . . 42, 43 

Yellow PR . . 5, 35, 36, 40, 44, 45, 60, 70, 72 

101, 102, 103, 104 
Yellow PR, developed with Developer B . 40 



Zink White 



66, 67 



121 



Cotton Printing. 



For Cotton Printing we further recommend the following approved dyestuffs : 

a. Basic Dyestuffs (with tannic acid) 

b. Mordant Dyestuffs (with alumina, chrome, iron, nickel, zink) 

c. Ice Colours. 



Red Dyestuffs : 
a. 

Brilliant Rhoduline Red B D in paste 

Diamond Fuchsine 

Pyronine G 

Rhodamine B, G, S 

Rhoduline Red, B, G 

Saffranine FF extra. 

b. 
Alizarine Red (bluish to yellowish) (alumina) 
Alizarine Purpurine in paste (alumina) 
Brilliant Chrome Red in paste (chrome) 
Chrome Red (chrome) 
Eosine (chrome) 
Rhodamine, B, G, S (chrome). 

c. 
Paramtraniline (R-Naphtol or Naphtol L C). 

Orange Dyestuffs : 
b. 

Alizarine Orange (alumina) 
Alizarine Yellow R (chrome) 
Chrome Orange (chrome) 
Diamond Orange (chrome). 

Yellow Dyestuffs: 
a. 

Auramine II. 

b. 
Alizarine Yellow 3 G (chrome) 
Anthracene Yellow in paste (chrome) 
Chrome Yellow D (chrome) 
Chrome Yellow R extra in paste (chrome) 
Diamond Flavine in paste (chrome) 
Diamond Yellow in paste (chrome). 

Green Dyestuffs: 
a. 

Brilliant Green 
China Green 
Emerald Green 
Imperial Green 
Methyl Green 
Turquoise Blue B B, G. 

b. 
Alizarine Viridine (chrome) 
Azo Green in paste (chrome) 
Chrome Green (chrome) 
Coerule'ine S (chrome). 



Blue Dyestuffs : 



Blue 8336 (Navy Blue) 
Cotton Blue I -VI 
Methylene Blue BB 
New Blue G 



New Fast Blue F 
New Victoria Blue B 
Victoria Blue B. 

b. 
Alizarine Blue S, S R paste and powder 

(chrome, nickel, zinc) 
Alizarine Cyanine G, R paste (chrome) 
Alkali Blue (chrome) 
Brilliant Alizarine Blue G, R, S D, D paste 

(chrome) 
Celestine Blue B (chrome) 
Chrome Blue paste (chrome) 
Gallamine Blue (chrome) 
Victoria Blue B (chrome). 

c. 
Dianisidine (R-Naphtol). 

Violet Dyestuffs: 
a. 

Methyl Violet 5 R to 7 B 
Rhoduline Violet. 

b. 
Alizarine Bordeaux B P paste (chrome) 
Alizarine Red I, I extra (iron) 
Galleine (chrome) 
Gallocyanine paste. 

Brown and Bordeaux Dyestuffs: 
a. 

Bismarck Brown F F, F, R extra, R, M. 

b. 
Alizarine Bordeaux B P, G P paste (alumina) 
Alizarine Cardinal paste (alumina) 
Alizarine Orange (chrome) 
Alizarine Purpurine paste (chrome) 
Alizarine Red (yellow— blue shade) (chrome) 
Anthracene Brown GG,G,R,W paste (chrome) 
Chrome Brown R paste (chrome) 
Chrome Bordeaux (Chrome) 
Chrome Bordeaux 6 B double (chrome) 
Chrome Prune (chrome) 
Chrome Rubine (chrome) 
Diamond Brown G (chrome) 

c. 
Alpha Naphtylamine (^-Naphtol) 
Benzidine (R-Naphtol) 
Mononitro Benzidine (R-Naphtol). 

Grey Dyestuffs: 
a. 

New Fast Grey 
New Grey P paste. 

b. 
Alizarine Blue Black B paste (chrome) 
Alizarine Cyanine Black G paste (chrome) 
Alizarine Fast Grey paste (chrome). 



Jute Black. 



Black Dyestuffs : 
a. 



Alizarine Blue Black B paste (chrome) 
Alizarine Bordeaux B P paste (chrome) 
Alizarine Cyanine Black G paste (chrome) 
Alizarine Fast Grey paste (chrome) 
Chrome Black (chrome). 

c. 
Benzidine (Developer E S). 



122 







s 




Wool and Half Wool Printing. 

For printing wool and half wool we recommend the following approved dyestuffs: 

a. Acid Dyestuffs 

b. Mordant Dyestuffs (chrome or alumina) 

c. Basic Dyestuffs. 



Red Dyestuffs: 
a. 

Acid Magenta 

Azo Bordeaux 

Azo Crimson S 

Azo Eosine 

Azo Fuchsine B, G, G extra 

Bordeaux B X, extra 

Brilliant Double Scarlet 3 R 

Brilliant Ponceau 5 R 

Carmoisine B 

Cochineal Scarlet P S 

Croceine Scarlet 2 B, 3 B X, 7 B, 10 B 

Double Ponceau 4R 

Eosine S extra bluish (for pink) 

Fast Acid Magenta B 

Fast Red A, B T, E, N S 

New Coccine 

Orseilline B B 

Ponceau 3 R 

Rhodamine B, G (for pink) 

Wool Ponceau 2R 

b. 
Alizarine Purpurine paste (alumina) 
Alizarine Red II A B 20% (alumina) 
Alizarine Red W powder (alumina) 
Anthracene Red (chrome) 
Cloth Red B (chrome) 

c. 
Rhoduline Red B, G 
Saffranine F F extra. 

Orange Dyestuffs: 
a. 

Croceine Orange G, R 
Eosine S extra yellowish 
Orange II B. 

b. 
Alizarine Orange (alumina). 

Yellow Dyestuffs : 
a. 

Fast Yellow extra 
Indian Yellow G, R 
Metanil Yellow 
Naphtol Yellow S 
Quinoline Yellow. 

b. 
Alizarine Yellow 3 G (chrome) 
Anthracene Yellow (chrome) 
Chrome Yellow D, R extra (chrome) 
Diamond Flavine G (chrome). 

c. 
Auramine II. 

Green Dyestuffs: 
a. 

Acid Green BB, 3 B, G G 

Alizarine Cyanine Green K, G extra paste 

Fast Green bluish, yellowish 

Fast Green extra bluish 

»t Light Green 

b. 
Alizarine Cyanine Green G extra, E paste 

iome Green (chrome) | (chrome) 

Coeruleine (chrc 



Brilliant Ore 
Turquoise \ } A 



Blue Dyestuffs: 
a. 

Alizarine Sapphirole 

Alkali Blue 1B-7B 

Azine Blue 

Brilliant Alizarine Cyanine G, 3 G 

Carmine Blue B, G 

Fast Acid Blue B 

Fast Acid Violet 10 B 

Fast Blue greenish 

Induline B, 6 B greenish 

Navy Blue 

New Patent Blue 4B. 

b. 
Alizarine Blue S, S R paste and powder 
Alizarine Cyanine (chrome) [(hrome)- 

Alizarine Sapphirole (chrome) 
Brilliant Alizarine Blue G, R (chrome) 
Brilliant Alizarine Cyanine G, 3 G (chrome) 
Chrome Blue (chrome) 
Gallamine Blue (chrome). 

c. 
Blue 8336 (Navy Blue) 
New Victoria Blue B 
Victoria Blue B 

Violet Dyestuffs: 
a. 

Acid Violet 3 B extra, 4 B G extra, 4 B extra, 
5B, 6B, 8B extra, 4RS, 6 B N, 
1 R extra, 2 R, 3 R. 

Alkali Violet R 

Azo Acid Violet B extra, R extra 

Azo Acid Violet 4R 

Victoria Violet 5B. 

b. 

Celestine Blue B (chrome) 

Galleine (chrome). 

c. 

Methyl Violet 5R-7B. 

Brown Dyestuffs: 
a. 

Azo Acid Brown. 

b. 
Alizarine Cardinal (chrome) 
Alizarine Orange (chrome) 
Alizarine Red II A B 20 % (chrome) 
Alizarine Red W powder (chrome) 
Anthracene Brown (chrome) 
Chrome Brown (chrome). 






Bismarck Brown. 



c. 



Grey Dyestuffs: 



Nigrosine B. 



c. 



New Fast Grey 
New Grey P paste. 

Black Dyestuffs: 
a. 

Diamond Black F 
Victoria Black B, G. 

b. 
Alizarine Cyanine Black G (chrome) 
Alizarine Blue Black B (chrome). 
Alizarine Fast Grey (chrome). 

c. 
Jute Black B. 



123 




Silk and Half Silk Printing. 

For printing silk and half silk we recommend the following approved dyestuffs : 

a. Basic Dyestuffs. (with tannic acid) 

b. Mordant Dyestuffs (with chrome or alumina) 

c. Acid Dyestuffs. 



Red Dyestuffs: 

a. 

Brilliant Rhoduline Red BD paste 
Diamond Fuchsine 
Rhodamine B, G 
Rhoduline Red B G 
Saffranine F F extra. 

b. 

Alizarine Red S X extra (alumina) 
Alizarine Red W powder (alumina) 
Alizarine Red I P (alumina) 
Brilliant Chrome Red (chrome) 
Chrome Red (chrome). 

c. 

Anthracene Red 

Azo Bordeaux 

Azo Fuchsine G 

Azo Crimson S 

Brilliant Croceine 

Brilliant Double Scarlet 3 R 

Brilliant Ponceau 5R 

Carmoisine B 

Cochineal Scarlet P S 

Croceine Scarlet 3 B X, 2 B X 

Double Ponceau 4R 

Fast Red N S 

Fast Acid Magenta B 

Imperial Scarlet 3 B 

New Coccine. 

Orange Dyestuffs : 

b. 
Alizarine Orange (alumina) 
Chrome Orange (chrome). 



Orange II B. 



Yellow Dyestuffs: 



Blue Dyestuffs: 

a. 

Blue 8336 (Navy Blue) 
Methylene Blue BB 
New Blue 
New Fast Blue F. 

b. 

Alizarine Blue S, SR paste and powder 
Alizarine Cyanine G G (chrome) [(chrome);' 
Brilliant Alizarine Blue G, S D (chrome) 
Chrome Blue paste (chrome). 

c. 

Azo Acid Blue 4B 

Fast Acid Blue B 

Fast Acid Violet 10 B 

Induline B, 6B 

Intensive Blue 

New Patent Blue 4B 

Silk Blue BES 

Soluble Blue red shade extra strong 

Sulphon Acid Blue B, R. 

Violet Dyestuffs : 

a. 

Methyl Violet 5R— 7B 
Rhoduline Violet. 



Alizarine Bordeaux B P paste (chrome) 
Alizarine Cyanine R paste (alumina) 
Chrome Violet paste (chrome) 
Galleine paste (chrome). 

c. 

Acid Violet 5 B, R extra, 2R, 3R 
Azo Acid Violet R extra 
Victoria Violet 5 B. 



Auramine II. 



b. 



Anthracene Yellow (chrome) 
Chrome Yellow D (chrome) 
Chrome Yellow R extra (chrome) 
Diamond Flavine G (chrome) 
Diamond Yellow (chrome). 

Green Dyestuffs: 

a. 

Brilliant Green 
China Green 
Emerald Green 
Imperial Green 
Methyl Green 
Turquoise Blue BB, 



G. 
b. 



Alizarine Cyanine Green 
Chrome Green (chrome) 
Coerulcine (chrome). 

c. 
Acid Green G G 
Fast Green bluish 
Fast Green extra bluish 
New Patent Blue B. 



/ 



G extra (chrome) 



Brown and Bordeaux Dyestuffs: 

a. 
Bismarck Brown F, F F, R extra, R, M. 

b. 

Alizarine Bordeaux paste (alumina) 
Alizarine Orange (chrome) 
Alizarine Red 1 1 A B (chrome) 
Alizarine Red W powder (chrome) 
Anthracene Brown (chrome) 
Chrome Bordeaux (chrome) 
Diamond Brown G (chroma). 

Grey Dyestuffs: 

a. 

New Fast Grey 
New Grey paste. 



jute Black. 



Plack Dyestuffs : 
a. 



VHzarii 



yanine Bl 



124 




ome).